2017-07-27T17:42:50+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hydroxylapatite, Negative feedback, Quantum biology, Vital signs, Biosemiotics, Sociobiology, Transmission electron microscopy, Habitat, Self-replication, Conjoined twins, Vivarium, Scatology, Biological immortality, Cation diffusion facilitator, Formate-nitrite transporter, Nucleobase cation symporter-2, Trabecular cartilage, Bibliography of encyclopedias: biology, Pseudohypoxia, Biologist, Pursuit predation, Polyphenism, Sessility (motility), APC Family, AGCS family, Radioactivity in the life sciences, Betaine transporter, Nucleobase cation symporter-1, MACPF, NhaA family, Nicotinamide ribonucleoside uptake transporters, P-Aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter, Sodium-proton antiporter flashcards


  • Hydroxylapatite
    Hydroxylapatite, also called hydroxyapatite (HA), is a naturally occurring mineral form of calcium apatite with the formula Ca5(PO4)3(OH), but is usually written Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 to denote that the crystal unit cell comprises two entities.
  • Negative feedback
    Negative feedback occurs when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.
  • Quantum biology
    Quantum biology refers to applications of quantum mechanics and theoretical chemistry to biological objects and problems.
  • Vital signs
    Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
  • Biosemiotics
    Biosemiotics (from the Greek bios meaning "life" and semeion meaning "sign") is a growing field of semiotics and biology that studies the production and interpretation of signs and codes in the biological realm.
  • Sociobiology
    Sociobiology is a field of scientific study that is based on the hypothesis that social behavior has resulted from evolution and attempts to examine and explain social behavior within that context.
  • Transmission electron microscopy
    Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through an ultra-thin specimen, interacting with the specimen as it passes through it.
  • Habitat
    A habitat is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species of animal, plant, or other type of organism.
  • Self-replication
    Self-replication is any behavior of a dynamical system that yields construction of an identical copy of itself.
  • Conjoined twins
    Conjoined twins are identical twins joined in utero.
  • Vivarium
    A vivarium (Latin, literally for "place of life"; plural: vivaria or vivariums) is an area, usually enclosed, for keeping and raising animals or plants for observation or research.
  • Scatology
    In medicine and biology, scatology or coprology is the study of feces.
  • Biological immortality
    Biological immortality refers to a stable or decreasing rate of mortality from senescence, thus decoupling it from chronological age.
  • Cation diffusion facilitator
    Cation diffusion facilitators (CDFs) are integral membrane proteins that increase tolerance to divalent metal ions such as cadmium, zinc, and cobalt.
  • Formate-nitrite transporter
    The Formate-Nitrite Transporter (FNT) Family (TC# 1.A.16) is a family of homologous transmembrane proteins belonging to the Major Intrinsic Protein (MIP) Superfamily.
  • Nucleobase cation symporter-2
    The Nucleobase:Cation Symporter-2 (NCS2) Family, also called the Nucleobase/Ascorbate Transporter (NAT) Family, consists of over 1000 sequenced proteins derived from gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, archaea, fungi, plants and animals.
  • Trabecular cartilage
    Trabecular cartilages (trabeculae cranii, sometimes simply trabeculae) are paired, rod-shaped cartilages, which develop in the head of the vertebrate embryo.
  • Bibliography of encyclopedias: biology
    This is a list of encyclopedias as well as encyclopedic and biographical dictionaries published on the subject of biology in any language.
  • Pseudohypoxia
    Pseudohypoxia refers to increased cytosolic ratio of free NADH to NAD in cells.
  • Biologist
    A biologist, or biological scientist, is a scientist who studies living organisms, often in the context of their environment.
  • Pursuit predation
    Pursuit predation is a form of predation in which predators give chase to fleeing prey.
  • Polyphenism
    A polyphenic trait is a trait for which multiple, discrete phenotypes can arise from a single genotype as a result of differing environmental conditions.
  • Sessility (motility)
    In biology, sessility (in the sense of positional movement or motility) refers to organisms that do not possess a means of self-locomotion and are normally immobile.
  • APC Family
    The Amino Acid-Polyamine-Organocation (APC) Family (TC# 2.A.3) of transport proteins includes members that function as solute:cation symporters and solute:solute antiporters.
  • AGCS family
    Members of the Alanine or Glycine:Cation Symporter (AGCS) Family (TC# 2.A.25) transport alanine and/or glycine in symport with Na+ and or H+.
  • Radioactivity in the life sciences
    Radioactivity can be used in life sciences as a radiolabel to visualise components or target molecules in a biological system.
  • Betaine transporter
    Proteins of the Betaine/Carnitine/Choline Transporter (BCCT) family (TC# 2.A.15) are found in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and archaea.
  • Nucleobase cation symporter-1
    The Nucleobase:Cation Symporter-1 (NCS1) Family (TC# 2.A.39) consists of over 1000 currently sequenced proteins derived from Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, archaea, fungi and plants.
    The Membrane Attack Complex/Perforin (MACPF) superfamily, sometimes referred to as the MACPF/CDC superfamily, is named after a domain that is common to the membrane attack complex (MAC) proteins of the complement system (C6, C7, C8α, C8β and C9) and perforin (PF).
  • NhaA family
    Na+/H+ antiporter A (NhaA) family (TC# 2.A.33) contains a number of bacterial sodium-proton antiporter (SPAP) proteins.
  • Nicotinamide ribonucleoside uptake transporters
    The Nicotinamide Ribonucleoside (NR) Uptake Permease (PnuC) Family (TC# 4.B.1) is a family of transmembrane transporters that is part of the TOG superfamily.
  • P-Aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter
    The p-aminobenzoyl-glutamate transporter (AbgT) family (TC# 2.A.68) is a family of transporter proteins belonging to the ion transporter (IT) superfamily.
  • Sodium-proton antiporter
    Sodium/proton antiporters are essential secondary-active transporters for sodium and pH homeostasis.