Biology of bipolar disorder

2017-07-29T18:02:44+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Aquaporin, Glutamate decarboxylase, Toxoplasmosis, S-Adenosyl methionine, Ankyrin, Stimulant psychosis, Herpes simplex, Inositol, GRIK4, Oligodendrocyte, D-amino acid oxidase activator, Acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase, Slow-wave sleep, Vitamin B12 deficiency, Inositol monophosphatase, GSK-3, Biological psychiatry, Inositol-phosphate phosphatase flashcards Biology of bipolar disorder
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  • Aquaporin
    Aquaporins are integral membrane proteins from a larger family of major intrinsic proteins (MIP) that form pores in the membrane of biological cells.
  • Glutamate decarboxylase
    Glutamate decarboxylase or glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is an enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of glutamate to GABA and CO2.
  • Toxoplasmosis
    Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii.
  • S-Adenosyl methionine
    S-Adenosyl methionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.
  • Ankyrin
    Ankyrins are a family of adaptor proteins that mediate the attachment of integral membrane proteins to the spectrin-actin based membrane cytoskeleton.
  • Stimulant psychosis
    Stimulant psychosis is a psychosis symptom which typically occurs following an overdose on psychostimulants, but it also occurs in approximately 0.
  • Herpes simplex
    Herpes simplex (Greek: ἕρπης herpēs, "creeping" or "latent") is a viral disease caused by the herpes simplex virus.
  • Inositol
    Inositol or cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol is a chemical compound with formula C6H12O6 or (-CHOH-)6, a six-fold alcohol (polyol) of cyclohexane.
  • GRIK4
    GRIK4 (glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 4) is a kainate receptor subtype belonging to the family of ligand-gated ion channels which is encoded by the GRIK4 gene.
  • Oligodendrocyte
    Oligodendrocytes (from Greek, meaning cells with a few branches), or oligodendroglia (Greek, few tree glue), are a type of neuroglia.
  • D-amino acid oxidase activator
    D-amino acid oxidase activator (DAOA, also known as G72) is a protein enriched in various parts of brain, spinal cord, and testis.
  • Acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase
    N-Acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase also known as ASMT is an enzyme that catalyzes the final reaction in melatonin biosynthesis, converting Normelatonin to melatonin.
  • Slow-wave sleep
    Slow-wave sleep (SWS), often referred to as deep sleep, consists of stage three of non-rapid eye movement sleep, according to the Rechtschaffen & Kales (R & K) standard of 1968.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
    Vitamin B12 deficiency, also known as hypocobalaminemia, refers to low blood levels of vitamin B12.
  • Inositol monophosphatase
    Inositol monophosphatase, commonly referred to as IMPase, is an enzyme of the phosphodiesterase family of enzymes.
  • GSK-3
    Glycogen synthase kinase 3 is a serine/threonine protein kinase that mediates the addition of phosphate molecules onto serine and threonine amino acid residues.
  • Biological psychiatry
    Biological psychiatry or biopsychiatry is an approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.
  • Inositol-phosphate phosphatase
    In enzymology, an inositol-phosphate phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.25) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction myo-inositol phosphate + H2O myo-inositol + phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are myo-inositol phosphate and H2O, whereas its two products are myo-inositol and phosphate.