Architectural elements

2017-07-27T18:47:21+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Distribution board, Pyramidion, Bay (architecture), Chimney, Flat roof, Mihrab, Trompe-l'œil, Wheelchair ramp, Fountain, Foundation (engineering), Gable, Sundial, Basement, Gabion, Capital (architecture), Steel frame, Atrium (architecture), Muqarnas, Pier (architecture), Cornice, Thin-shell structure, Truss, Handrail, Terrace (building), City gate, Column, Curtain wall (architecture), Minaret, Stairs, Cantilever, Ironwork, Bell-gable, Dormer, Roof lantern, Lancet window, Ambulacrum, Pancharatha, Dougong, Roof garden, Copper in architecture, Timber roof truss, Megalithic architectural elements, Plasterwork, Stoop (architecture) flashcards Architectural elements
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  • Distribution board
    A distribution board (also known as panelboard, breaker panel, or electric panel) is a component of an electricity supply system that divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit in a common enclosure.
  • Pyramidion
    A pyramidion (plural pyramidia) is the uppermost piece or capstone of an Egyptian pyramid or obelisk, in archaeological parlance.
  • Bay (architecture)
    In architecture, a bay is the space between architectural elements, or a recess or compartment.
  • Chimney
    A chimney is a structure that provides ventilation for hot flue gases or smoke from a boiler, stove, furnace or fireplace to the outside atmosphere.
  • Flat roof
    A flat roof is a roof which is almost level in contrast to the many types of sloped roofs.
  • Mihrab
    Mihrab (Arabic: محراب‎‎ miḥrāb, pl. محاريب maḥārīb) is a semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla; that is, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca and hence the direction that Muslims should face when praying.
  • Trompe-l'œil
    Trompe-l'œil (French for "deceive the eye", pronounced [tʁɔ̃p lœj]) is an art technique that uses realistic imagery to create the optical illusion that the depicted objects exist in three dimensions.
  • Wheelchair ramp
    A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs.
  • Fountain
    A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
  • Foundation (engineering)
    A foundation (or, more commonly, foundations) is the element of an architectural structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground.
  • Gable
    A gable is the generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of intersecting roof pitches.
  • Sundial
    A sundial is a device that tells the time of day by the apparent position of the Sun in the sky.
  • Basement
    A basement or cellar is one or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the ground floor.
  • Gabion
    A gabion (from Italian gabbione meaning "big cage"; from Italian gabbia and Latin cavea meaning "cage") is a cage, cylinder, or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, military applications and landscaping.
  • Capital (architecture)
    In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head", Greek kapita) forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster).
  • Steel frame
    Steel frame is a building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame.
  • Atrium (architecture)
    In architecture, an atrium (plural versions: atria in Latin or atriums in American English) is a large open air or skylight covered space surrounded by a building.
  • Muqarnas
    The muqarnas (Arabic: مقرنص‎‎; Persian: مقرنس‎‎) are a form of architectural ornamented vaulting, the "geometric subdivision of a squinch, or cupola, or corbel, into a large number of miniature squinches, producing a sort of cellular structure", sometimes also called "honeycomb" vaults from their resemblance to these.
  • Pier (architecture)
    A pier, in architecture, is an upright support for a structure or superstructure such as an arch or bridge.
  • Cornice
    A cornice (from the Italian cornice meaning "ledge") is generally any horizontal decorative molding that crowns a building or furniture element— the cornice over a door or window, for instance, or the cornice around the top edge of a pedestal or along the top of an interior wall.
  • Thin-shell structure
    Thin-shell structures are also called plate and shell structures.
  • Truss
    In engineering, a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object".
  • Handrail
    A handrail is a rail that is designed to be grasped by the hand so as to provide stability or support.
  • Terrace (building)
    A terrace is an external, raised, open, flat area in either a landscape (such as a park or garden) near a building, or as a roof terrace on a flat roof.
  • City gate
    A city gate is a gate which is, or was, set within a city wall.
  • Column
    A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below.
  • Curtain wall (architecture)
    A curtain wall system is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, but merely keep the weather out and the occupants in.
  • Minaret
    The purpose of Minarets in traditional Eastern region Architecture is to serve as a ventilation system for a building in very hot climate.
  • Stairs
    A stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs, or simply stairs is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.
  • Cantilever
    A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at only one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it is protruding.
  • Ironwork
    Ironwork is any weapon, artwork, utensil or architectural feature made of iron especially used for decoration.
  • Bell-gable
    The bell gable (Spanish: espadaña, Catalan: espadanya, French: clocher-mur, Italian: campanile a vela) is an architectural element crowning at the upper end of the wall of church buildings, usually in lieu of a church tower.
  • Dormer
    A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof.
  • Roof lantern
    A roof lantern is a daylighting cupola architectural element.
  • Lancet window
    A lancet window is a tall, narrow window with a pointed arch at its top.
  • Ambulacrum
    An ambulacrum is an architectural term for the atrium, courtyard, or parvise in front of a basilica that is surrounded by arcades or colonnades, often containing a fountain, and is surrounded by trees.
  • Pancharatha
    A Hindu temple is a pancharatha when there are five rathas (on plan) or pagas (on elevation) on the tower of the temple (generally a shikhara).
  • Dougong
    Dougong (Chinese: 斗拱; pinyin: dǒugǒng; literally: "cap [and] block") is a unique structural element of interlocking wooden brackets, one of the most important elements in traditional Chinese architecture.
  • Roof garden
    A roof garden is a garden on the roof of a building.
  • Copper in architecture
    Copper has earned a respected place in the related fields of architecture, building construction, and interior design.
  • Timber roof truss
    A timber roof truss is a structural framework of timbers designed to bridge the space above a room and to provide support for a roof.
  • Megalithic architectural elements
    This article describes several characteristic architectural elements typical of European megalithic (Stone Age) structures.
  • Plasterwork
    Plasterwork refers to construction or ornamentation done with plaster, such as a layer of plaster on an interior or exterior wall structure, or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.
  • Stoop (architecture)
    In urban architecture, a stoop is a small staircase ending in a platform and leading to the entrance of an apartment building or other building.