Alcohol abuse

2017-07-27T23:16:10+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, Long-term effects of alcohol consumption, Naltrexone, Dipsomania, Binge drinking, Cirrhosis, Delirium, Hangover, Delirium tremens, Disulfiram, Alcohol dehydrogenase, Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, Alcohol intoxication, Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Alcohol consumption in Russia, Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic hepatitis, Potomania, Kindling (sedative–hypnotic withdrawal), Twelve-step program, Alcoholic liver disease, Alcohol and cancer, Iomazenil, Alcohol dependence, Alcoholic hallucinosis, Alcoholism in family systems, Disease theory of alcoholism, Self-medication, Calcium carbimide, Austrian syndrome, Alcoholic lung disease, Wernicke's encephalopathy, Metadoxine flashcards Alcohol abuse
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  • Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome
    Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is the combined presence of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) and Korsakoff's syndrome.
  • Long-term effects of alcohol consumption
    The long-term effects of alcohol (ethanol) consumption range from cardioprotective health benefits for low to moderate alcohol consumption in industrialized societies with higher rates of cardiovascular disease to severe detrimental effects in cases of chronic alcohol abuse.
  • Naltrexone
    Naltrexone is a drug that reverses the effects of opioids and is used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence and opioid dependence.
  • Dipsomania
    Dipsomania is a historical term describing a medical condition involving an uncontrollable craving for alcohol.
  • Binge drinking
    Binge drinking, or heavy episodic drinking, is a modern epithet for drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time.
  • Cirrhosis
    Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.
  • Delirium
    Delirium, or acute confusional state, is an organically caused decline from a previously attained baseline level of cognitive function.
  • Hangover
    A hangover is the experience of various unpleasant physiological and psychological effects following the consumption of ethanol, as found in wine, beer and distilled spirits.
  • Delirium tremens
    Delirium tremens (DTs) is a rapid onset of confusion usually caused by withdrawal from alcohol.
  • Disulfiram
    Disulfiram (sold under the trade names Antabuse and Antabus) is a drug discovered in the 1920s that is used to support the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to ethanol (alcohol).
  • Alcohol dehydrogenase
    Alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) (EC 1.1.1.1) are a group of dehydrogenase enzymes that occur in many organisms and facilitate the interconversion between alcohols and aldehydes or ketones with the reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ to NADH).
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.
  • Alcohol intoxication
    Alcohol intoxication is a physiological state (that may also include psychological alterations of consciousness) induced by the ingestion of ethanol (ethyl alcohol, commonly known as drinking alcohol or just alcohol) or methanol (methyl or wood alcohol), though with possibly serious side effects from the latter.
  • Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
    Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms that can occur when an individual reduces or stops alcohol consumption after long periods of use.
  • Alcohol consumption in Russia
    Alcohol consumption in Russia stays among the highest in the world.
  • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
    Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disease in which the chronic long-term abuse of alcohol (i.e., ethanol) leads to heart failure.
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
    Alcoholic hepatitis is hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) due to excessive intake of alcohol.
  • Potomania
    Potomania, also known as beer potomania and beer drinkers hyponatremia, is a specific hypo-osmolality syndrome related to massive consumption of beer, which is poor in solutes and electrolytes.
  • Kindling (sedative–hypnotic withdrawal)
    Kindling due to substance withdrawal refers to the neurological condition which results from repeated withdrawal episodes from sedative–hypnotic drugs such as alcohol or benzodiazepines.
  • Twelve-step program
    A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems.
  • Alcoholic liver disease
    Alcoholic liver disease is a term that encompasses the liver manifestations of alcohol overconsumption, including fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and chronic hepatitis with liver fibrosis or cirrhosis.
  • Alcohol and cancer
    Alcoholic beverages are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen (carcinogenic to humans).
  • Iomazenil
    Iomazenil (also known as Ro16-0154, INN, USAN; benzodine) is an antagonist and partial inverse agonist of benzodiazepine and a potential treatment for alcohol abuse.
  • Alcohol dependence
    Alcohol dependence is a previous psychiatric diagnosis in which an individual is physically or psychologically dependent upon drinking alcohol.
  • Alcoholic hallucinosis
    Alcoholic hallucinosis (or alcohol-related psychosis or alcohol-induced psychotic disorder) is a complication of alcohol withdrawal in alcoholics.
  • Alcoholism in family systems
    Alcoholism in family systems refers to the conditions in families that enable alcoholism, and the effects of alcoholic behavior by one or more family members on the rest of the family.
  • Disease theory of alcoholism
    The modern disease theory of alcoholism states that problem drinking is sometimes caused by a disease of the brain, characterized by altered brain structure and function.
  • Self-medication
    Self-medication is a human behavior in which an individual uses a substance or any exogenous influence to self-administer treatment for physical or psychological ailments.
  • Calcium carbimide
    Calcium carbimide, sold as the citrate salt under the trade name Temposil, is an alcohol sensitizing agent.
  • Austrian syndrome
    Austrian syndrome is a medical condition first described by Robert Austrian in 1957.
  • Alcoholic lung disease
    Alcoholic lung disease is disease of the lungs caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Wernicke's encephalopathy
    Wernicke's encephalopathy (or Wernicke's disease) refers to the presence of neurological symptoms caused by biochemical lesions of the central nervous system after exhaustion of B-vitamin reserves, in particular thiamine (vitamin B1).
  • Metadoxine
    Metadoxine, also known as pyridoxine-pyrrolidone carboxylate, is a drug used to treat chronic and acute alcohol intoxication.