Addiction

2017-07-27T19:02:12+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Kleptomania, Striatum, Video game addiction, Reinforcement, Problem gambling, Caffeine dependence, Internet addiction disorder, Nucleus accumbens, Ventral tegmental area, CREB, NF-κB, Pornography addiction, Fashion victim, Stereotypy, Behavioral addiction, FOSB, Incentive salience, Self-medication flashcards Addiction
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  • Kleptomania
    Kleptomania or klopemania is the inability to refrain from the urge to steal items and is done for reasons other than personal use or financial gain.
  • Striatum
    The striatum, also known as the neostriatum or striate nucleus, is a subcortical part of the forebrain and a critical component of the reward system.
  • Video game addiction
    Video game addiction is hypothesized to be an excessive or compulsive use of computer games or video games, which interferes with a person's everyday life.
  • Reinforcement
    In behavioral psychology, reinforcement is a consequence that will strengthen an organism's future behavior whenever that behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus.
  • Problem gambling
    Problem gambling (or ludomania, but usually referred to as "gambling addiction" or "compulsive gambling") is an urge to gamble continuously despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop.
  • Caffeine dependence
    Caffeine's mechanism of action is somewhat different from that of cocaine and the substituted amphetamines; caffeine blocks adenosine receptors A and A2A.
  • Internet addiction disorder
    Internet addiction disorder, more commonly called problematic Internet use (PIU), refers to excessive computer use which interferes with daily life.
  • Nucleus accumbens
    The nucleus accumbens (NAc or NAcc), also known as the accumbens nucleus or as the nucleus accumbens septi (Latin for nucleus adjacent to the septum) is a region in the basal forebrain rostral to the preoptic area of the hypothalamus.
  • Ventral tegmental area
    The ventral tegmental area (VTA), (tegmentum is Latin for covering), also known as the ventral tegmental area of Tsai, or simply ventral tegmentum, is a group of neurons located close to the midline on the floor of the midbrain.
  • CREB
    CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein) is a cellular transcription factor.
  • NF-κB
    NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) is a protein complex that controls transcription of DNA, cytokine production and cell survival.
  • Pornography addiction
    Pornography addiction is an addiction model of compulsive sexual activity with concurrent use of pornographic material, despite negative consequences to one's physical, mental, social, or financial well-being.
  • Fashion victim
    Fashion Victim is a term claimed to have been coined by Oscar de la Renta that is used to identify a person who is unable to identify commonly recognized boundaries of style.
  • Stereotypy
    A stereotypy (/ˈstɛriəˌtaɪpi, ˈstɪər-, -ioʊ-/, STAIR-ee-oh-TEYE-pee or STEER-ee-oh-TEYE-pee) is a repetitive or ritualistic movement, posture, or utterance.
  • Behavioral addiction
    Behavioral addiction is a form of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding non-drug-related behavior – sometimes called a natural reward – despite any negative consequences to the person's physical, mental, social or financial well-being.
  • FOSB
    FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homolog B, also known as FOSB or FosB, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the FOSB gene.
  • Incentive salience
    Incentive salience refers to the "wanting" or "desire" attribute given by the brain – specifically, by the nucleus accumbens shell – to a rewarding stimulus.
  • Self-medication
    Self-medication is a human behavior in which an individual uses a substance or any exogenous influence to self-administer treatment for physical or psychological ailments.