20th-century volcanic events

2017-07-30T02:22:52+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Galunggung, Mount Pinatubo, Novarupta, Mayon Volcano, Parícutin, Nevado del Ruiz, Sakurajima, Cotopaxi, Hekla, Galeras, Puracé, Mount Merapi, Mount Lamington, Surtsey, Santa María (volcano), La Soufrière (volcano), Doña Juana, Cerro Azul (Chile volcano), Mount Hudson, Kharimkotan, Eldfell, Tori-shima (Izu Islands), Mount Pelée, Augustine Volcano, Mount Agung, Katla (volcano), Kuchinoerabu-jima, Mount Ruapehu, Shiveluch, Taal Volcano, Volcán de Colima, Bezymianny, Mount Redoubt, El Chichón, Soufrière Hills, Lassen Peak, Ksudach, Kelud, Mount Vesuvius, Mount Unzen, Rabaul caldera, Nishinoshima (Ogasawara), Mount Spurr, Colo (volcano), Shōwa Iōjima flashcards 20th-century volcanic events
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  • Galunggung
    Mount Galunggung (Indonesian: Gunung Galunggung, formerly spelled Galoen-gong) is an active stratovolcano in West Java, Indonesia, around 80 km (50 mi) southeast of the West Java provincial capital, Bandung (or around 25 km (16 mi) to the east of the West Java town of Garut).
  • Mount Pinatubo
    Mount Pinatubo (Filipino: Bundok Pinatubo/Bulkang Pinatubo) is an active stratovolcano in the Cabusilan Mountains on the island of Luzon, near the tripoint of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga.
  • Novarupta
    Novarupta (meaning "newly erupted" in Latin) is a volcano that was created in 1912, located on the Alaska Peninsula in Katmai National Park and Preserve, about 290 miles (470 km) southwest of Anchorage.
  • Mayon Volcano
    Mayon Volcano (Central Bikol: Bulkan Mayonhr:Predložak:Jezik-bcl, Filipino: Bulkang Mayon), also known as Mount Mayon or simply Mayon, is an active stratovolcano in the province of Albay in Bicol Region, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.
  • Parícutin
    Parícutin (or Volcán de Parícutin, also accented Paricutín) is a scoria-cone volcano located in the Mexican state of Michoacán, near the city of Uruapan and about 322 km west of Mexico City.
  • Nevado del Ruiz
    The Nevado del Ruiz (Spanish pronunciation: [neβaðo ðel ˈrwis]), also known as La Mesa de Herveo (English: Mesa of Herveo, the name of the nearby town), or Kumanday in the language of the local pre-Colombian indigenous people, is a volcano located on the border of the departments of Caldas and Tolima in Colombia, about 129 kilometers (80 mi) west of the capital city Bogotá.
  • Sakurajima
    Sakurajima (Japanese: 桜島, lit. "Cherry Blossom Island") is an active composite volcano (stratovolcano) and a former island in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan.
  • Cotopaxi
    Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano in the Andes Mountains, located in the Latacunga canton of Cotopaxi Province, about 50 km (31 mi) south of Quito, and 33 km (21 mi) northeast of the city of Latacunga, Ecuador, in South America.
  • Hekla
    Hekla (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈhɛʰkla] ), or Hecla, is a stratovolcano in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 m (4,892 ft).
  • Galeras
    Galeras (Urcunina among the 16th-century indigenous people) is an Andean stratovolcano in the Colombian department of Nariño, near the departmental capital Pasto.
  • Puracé
    Puracé is a stratovolcano located in the Puracé National Natural Park in the Cauca Department, Colombia.
  • Mount Merapi
    Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi (literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian and Javanese), is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Mount Lamington
    Mount Lamington is an andesitic stratovolcano in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea.
  • Surtsey
    Surtsey ("Surtr's island" in Icelandic, pronounced ˈsʏr̥tsei) is a volcanic island located in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago off the southern coast of Iceland.
  • Santa María (volcano)
    Santa María Volcano is a large active volcano in the western highlands of Guatemala, in the Quetzaltenango Department near the city of Quetzaltenango.
  • La Soufrière (volcano)
    La Soufrière (Vincentian Creole: Soufray) ("The Sulfurer") or Soufrière Saint Vincent is an active volcano on the island of Saint Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean.
  • Doña Juana
    Doña Juana volcano (Spanish: Volcán Doña Juana ) is a stratovolcano located within the Doña Juana-Cascabel Volcanic Complex National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural Complejo Volcánico Doña Juana-Cascabel) in Nariño Department, Colombia.
  • Cerro Azul (Chile volcano)
    Cerro Azul (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsero aˈsul], blue hill in Spanish), sometimes referred to as Quizapu, is an active stratovolcano in the Maule Region of central Chile, immediately south of Descabezado Grande.
  • Mount Hudson
    Mount Hudson (locally known as Volcán Hudson) is a stratovolcano in southern Chile, and the site of one of the largest eruptions in the twentieth century.
  • Kharimkotan
    Kharimkotan (Russian: Харимкотан); Japanese 春牟古丹島; Harimukotan-tō, alternatively Harumukotan-tō or 加林古丹島; Karinkotan-tō) is an uninhabited volcanic island located 13 km (8 mi) from Onekotan near the northern end of the Kuril Islands chain in the Sea of Okhotsk in the northwest Pacific Ocean.
  • Eldfell
    Eldfell is a composite volcanic cone just over 200 metres (660 ft) high on the Icelandic island of Heimaey.
  • Tori-shima (Izu Islands)
    Tori-shima (鳥島 Tori-shima or Izu-no-Tori-shima), literally meaning "Bird Island", is an uninhabited Japanese island in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Mount Pelée
    Mount Pelée (pronounced /pəˈleɪ/; French: Montagne Pelée meaning "bald mountain" or "peeled" mountain") is a semi-active volcano at the northern end of Martinique, an island and French overseas department in the Lesser Antilles island arc of the Caribbean.
  • Augustine Volcano
    Augustine Volcano is a central lava dome and lava flow complex, surrounded by pyroclastic debris.
  • Mount Agung
    Mount Agung or Gunung Agung is a mountain in Bali, Indonesia.
  • Katla (volcano)
    Katla (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈkʰahtla] ) is a large volcano in southern Iceland.
  • Kuchinoerabu-jima
    Kuchinoerabu-jima (口永良部島), is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.
  • Mount Ruapehu
    Mount Ruapehu, or just Ruapehu, is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand.
  • Shiveluch
    Shiveluch (Russian: Шивелуч) is the northernmost active volcano in Kamchatka Krai, Russia.
  • Taal Volcano
    Taal Volcano (Filipino: Bulkang Taal) is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.
  • Volcán de Colima
    The Volcán de Colima, also known as Volcán de Fuego, is part of the Colima Volcanic Complex (CVC) consisting of Volcán de Colima, Nevado de Colima (Spanish pronunciation: [neˈβaðo ðe koˈlima] ) and the eroded El Cantaro (listed as extinct).
  • Bezymianny
    Bezymianny (Russian: Безымянный, meaning unnamed) is an active stratovolcano in Kamchatka, Russia.
  • Mount Redoubt
    Redoubt Volcano, or Mount Redoubt, is an active stratovolcano in the largely volcanic Aleutian Range of the U.
  • El Chichón
    El Chichón, also known as Chichonal, is an active volcano in Francisco León, north-western Chiapas, Mexico.
  • Soufrière Hills
    The Soufrière Hills volcano is an active, complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit, on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.
  • Lassen Peak
    Lassen Peak, also known as Mount Lassen, is the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range.
  • Ksudach
    Ksudach (Russian: Ксудач) (also known as Vonyuchy Khrebet Volcano) is a stratovolcano in southern Kamchatka, Russia.
  • Kelud
    Kelud (Klut, Cloot, Kloet, Kloete, Keloed or Kelut) is an active stratovolcano located in East Java, Indonesia.
  • Mount Vesuvius
    Mount Vesuvius (pronunciation: /vᵻˈsuːviəs/; Italian: Monte Vesuvio [ˈmonte veˈzuːvjo], Latin: Mons Vesuvius [mõːs wɛˈsʊwɪ.ʊs]; also Vesevus or Vesaevus in some Roman sources) is a somma-stratovolcano located in the Gulf of Naples of Campania, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.
  • Mount Unzen
    Mount Unzen (雲仙岳 Unzen-dake) is an active volcanic group of several overlapping stratovolcanoes, near the city of Shimabara, Nagasaki Prefecture, on the island of Kyūshū, Japan's southernmost main island.
  • Rabaul caldera
    The Rabaul caldera, or Rabaul Volcano, is a large volcano on the tip of the Gazelle Peninsula in East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, and derives its name from the town of Rabaul inside the caldera.
  • Nishinoshima (Ogasawara)
    Nishi-no-shima (西之島, "western island") is a volcanic island 940 km south of Tokyo, that is part of the Volcano Islands arc.
  • Mount Spurr
    Mount Spurr is a stratovolcano in the Aleutian Arc of Alaska, named after United States Geological Survey geologist and explorer Josiah Edward Spurr, who led an expedition to the area in 1898.
  • Colo (volcano)
    Colo is a stratovolcano in Indonesia.
  • Shōwa Iōjima
    Shōwa Iōjima (昭和硫黄島), also known as Shōwa Shintō (昭和新島), is one of the Satsunan Islands, usually classed with the Ōsumi Islands, belonging to Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.