History of computer hardware in Soviet Bloc countries
The history of computing hardware in the former Soviet Bloc is somewhat different from that of the Western world.
History of personal computers
Although some mainframe, minicomputers had been designed as single-user systems in the 1970s, and home computers such as the Atari 800, released in 1978, and the BBC Micro, released in 1981, together with programmable calculators such as the HP 9800 series released in 1971 were available, the history of the personal computer as a mass-market consumer electronic device began in 1981 with the launch of the IBM Personal Computer that coined both the term Personal Computer and PC.
iMac is a range of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc.
The Macintosh (/ˈmækᵻntɒʃ/ MAK-in-tosh; (branded as Mac since 1998) is a series of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 10, 1984. This was the company's first mass-market personal computer featuring an integral graphical user interface and mouse. This first model was later renamed to "Macintosh 128k" for uniqueness amongst a populous family of subsequently updated models which are also based on Apple's same proprietary architecture. Since 1998, Apple has largely phased out the Macintosh name in favor of "Mac", though the product family has been nicknamed "Mac" or "the Mac" since the development of the first model.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
A personal computer (PC) is a general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Asus Eee Top
The Asus Eee Top (with the second word pronounced /ˈiː/) is a touch screen all-in-one desktop computer designed by Asus and released in November 2008.
The eMac, short for education Mac, is a Macintosh desktop computer made by Apple Inc.
The FM Towns (エフエムタウンズ Efu Emu Taunzu) system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to the summer of 1997.
The Mac Pro line is a series of Intel Xeon–based workstation and server computers manufactured by Apple Inc.
The Canon Cat was a task-dedicated, desktop computer released by Canon Inc.
Home theater PC
An HTPC and other convergence devices integrate components of a home theater into a unit co-located with a home entertainment system.
The Commodore 128, also known as the C128, C-128, C= 128, or occasionally CBM 128, is the last 8-bit home computer that was commercially released by Commodore Business Machines (CBM).
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
EVO Smart Console
EVO Smart Console (originally called Evo: Phase One) is a media PC and video game console marketed in the seventh generation era, and produced by Envizions.
The Hyperion is an early portable computer that vied with the Compaq Portable to be the first portable IBM PC compatible.
One Per Desk
The One Per Desk, or OPD, was an innovative hybrid personal computer/telecommunications terminal based on the hardware of the Sinclair QL.
The HP 9845C was one of the first desktop computers in 1980 equipped with color screen and light pen for design and illustration work.
The Philips :YES was a home computer/personal computer released by Philips in 1985.
The Apple IIGS (styled as IIGS) is the fifth and most powerful model in the Apple II series of personal computers produced by Apple Computer.
Fujitsu Micro 16s
The Fujitsu Micro 16s was a business personal computer from Fujitsu that was launched in 1983, around the same time as the launch of the original IBM-PC/XT.
Galeb (en. Seagull) was an 8-bit computer developed by the PEL Varaždin company in Yugoslavia in the early 1980s.
The IMKO-1 (Bulgarian: Индивидуален микро компютър (ИМКО-1), Individualen Micro KOmputer, Individual micro computer) was the first Bulgarian personal computer, built in 1979 in Pravetz, Bulgaria.
Research Machines 380Z
The Research Machines 380Z (often called the RML 380Z or RM 380Z) was an early 8-bit microcomputer produced by Research Machines in Oxford, England, from 1977 to 1985.
The Actrix computer, released in 1984 by Actrix Computer Corporation, was a Zilog Z80-based transportable personal computer running CP/M-80 V2.
Advance 86 by Advance Technology was manufactured by Ferranti.
The Amstrad PCW series is a range of personal computers produced by British company Amstrad from 1985 to 1998, and also sold under licence in Europe as the "Joyce" by the German electronics company Schneider in the early years of the series' life.
The Olivetti P6060 was the first personal computer with a built-in floppy disk.
The Sord M23P was a "luggable" Japanese personal computer (weighed about 9 kg), manufactured by Sord Corp.
The Z-89 was a personal computer produced by Zenith Data Systems (ZDS) in the early 1980s.
The Sphere I was a personal computer completed in 1975 by Michael Donald Wise of Sphere Corporation, of Bountiful, Utah.
White box (computer hardware)
In computer hardware, a white box is a personal computer or server without a well-known brand name.
The MSN Companion was a small-scale personal computer terminal that was designed for easy access to MSN services on the Internet, such as Hotmail, while still being cheap and easy to use.
The Hewlett-Packard HP 110 (aka HP Portable) was an MS-DOS compatible portable computer released in 1984.
The Atari TT030 is a member of the Atari ST family, released in 1990.
The Xerox 820 was an 8-bit desktop computer sold by Xerox in the early 1980s.
The Olivetti Programma 101, also known as Perottina or P101, is the first commercial programmable "desktop computer".
The Compucolor II was an early color home computer product introduced in 1976 by Compucolor Corporation of Norcross, Georgia USA.
The Durango F85 was an early Personal computer introduced in 1977 by Durango Systems Corporation.
The FM-11 (Fujitsu Micro 11) was a business computer announced by Fujitsu in November 1982.
TIM 011 was an educational or Personal computer for school microcomputer developed by Mihajlo Pupin Institute of Serbia in 1987.
New Internet Computer
The New Internet Computer (NIC) was a Linux-based internet appliance released July 6, 2000 by Larry Ellison's New Internet Computer Company.
Telikin is a brand of touch-screen computer marketed primarily to senior citizens and those who may be uncomfortable or unable to access a traditional keyboard and mouse computer.
The Epson QX-10 is a microcomputer running CP/M or TPM-III (CP/M-80 compatible) which was introduced in 1983.
History of tablet computers
The tablet computer and the associated special operating software is an example of pen computing technology, and thus the development of tablets has deep historical roots.
The Data General-One (DG-1) was a portable personal computer introduced in 1984 by minicomputer company Data General.
The Asus P535 is a high performance Pocket PC(PPC) that was designed for business managers.
The Rainbow 100 was a microcomputer introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1982.
Acer Aspire Notebook
Aspire is a series of personal computers by Acer Inc.