Science Chapter 10 Study Guide: Structure and Function of Plants Vocabulary: cuticle xylem cambium flower monocot zygote pollen transpiration sepal dicot sporophyte gametophyte rhizoid seed embryo cotyledon cone ovule pollination petal stamen pistil vascular tissue nonvascular plant frond phloem germination root cap angiosperm gymnosperm ovary fruit vascular plant Concepts: Big Idea: How does the structure of a plant allow it to grow and reproduce? Study the drawings you copied into your notebooks (#1, 6, 7, 11, 17, 19, 20, 24, 26, 29) Know the characteristics that all plants share; know which domain plants belong to Know what plants need to live successfully on land Know the difference between vascular plants and nonvascular plants Know the stages of a plant’s life cycle and what happens at each stage Know the difference between a gymnosperm and angiosperm life cycles Know the 3 major groups of nonvascular plants and what characteristics they share Know the 3 groups of seedless vascular plants and what characteristics they share Know the characteristics that seed plants share Know how a seed becomes a new plant Know the function(s) of roots, stems, and leaves Know the parts (and function of each part) of roots, stems, and leaves Know the parts of moss and what each does; parts of a fern and what each does Know the parts of a seed Know the parts of a flower and which parts are male or female reproductive structures Know what is needed for germination of a seed Know the characteristics of gymnosperms and angiosperms Know the reproductive structures of most gymnosperms Know how gymnosperms and angiosperms reproduce (“life cycle” diagrams) Know the 2 types of angiosperms and the characteristics of each Know what the phloem and xylem do; know where each is located in a tree Why do plants need to have an effective means of dispersal? Know the products humans get from flowering plants How can you tell if a plant is a vascular plant or a nonvascular plant? What adaption allows a land plant’s sperm to reach an egg, without using water? California State Standards: Structure and Function of Plants 1. 2. 5. All living organisms are composed of cells, from just one to many trillions, whose details usually are visible only through a microscope. As a basis for understanding this concept: d. Students know that mitochondria liberate energy for the work that cells do and that chloroplasts capture sunlight energy for photosynthesis. A typical cell of any organism contains genetic instructions that specify its traits. Those traits may be modified by environmental influences. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know the differences between the life cycles and reproduction methods of sexual and asexual organisms. The anatomy and physiology of plants and animals illustrate the complementary nature of structure and function. As a basis for understanding this concept: a. Students know plants and animals have levels of organization for structure and function, including cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and the whole organism. f. Students know the structures and processes by which flowering plants generate pollen, ovules, seeds, and fruit.