10th Gr. Week 25 Agenda & Obj. 2/24-2/28 Monday: Persuasive Writing • 10.7.4.4 Produce clear and coherent writing… • 10.7.10.10 Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames… Tuesday-Friday: Fahrenheit 451 • 10.4.10.10 By the end of Gr.10, read and comprehend literature… • 10.4.1.1 Cite textual evidence…explicitly as well as inferences drawn • 10.4.6.6 Analyze a particular POV… • 10.4.4.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases… Daily Writing: Lincoln 2/24/14 Choose one prompt to respond to and explain with detail: • “Better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt.” ~Abraham Lincoln • “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.” ~Abraham Lincoln Planner • Due tonight if not done by EOP: e-mail me your FINAL essay. • Due Wed: finish reading 451 & ?s part 4 Monday: Persuasive Essay • Go through rubric & editing checklist. • Using your own critical eye and your peers’ suggestions: • Revise: Remember 5-8 sentences per paragraph. Look up generic words in a thesaurus (good, bad, a lot, lots). • Edit: Any questions? Ask! • E-mail me your final draft and hand in your marked up draft and rubric. If you don’t email me by tonight, print it for class on. Don’t lose your marked up draft and rubric! [email protected] Daily Writing: Snow 2/25/14 Choose one prompt to respond to and explain with detail: • “Advice is like snow - the softer it falls, the longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks into the mind.” ~Samuel Taylor Coleridge • “A lot of people like snow. I find it to be an unnecessary freezing of water.” ~Carl Reiner Planner • Due Wed: finish reading 451 & ?s part 4 Tuesday: Movie • • • Essays? Hand in your marked up draft and your rubric/checklist. Notebook title: 451 Movie notes Take notes on the movie and the major differences from the novel. Daily Writing: Winter 2/26/14 Choose one prompt to respond to and explain with detail: • “No winter lasts forever; no spring skips its turn.” ~Hal Borland • “I prefer winter and fall, when you feel the bone structure of the landscape. Something waits beneath it; the whole story doesn't show.” ~Andrew Wyeth Planner • Due Friday (but only get today in class): Character Presentations Wednesday: 451 1. Show me your study guide questions. 2. 5 Methods of Characterization… Does anyone remember them from when we read Of Mice and Men? 3. Review methods of characterization, and copy notes in your notebook on types of characters. 5 Methods of Characterization 1.Physical Appearance •Most common •Anything physical about the character. •Includes height, skin, hair and eye color, short/tall, skinny/fat, wear glasses?, how he/she walks/stands, anything physical about the character. Example of physical description: Methods of Characterization Example of Physical Description: The soldier wore his dress blues for the event; shined black leather shoes that shone in the light, perfectly pressed pants and a jacket displaying his rank. He was a tall man that stood out in a room. Almost six foot seven inches, he towered over most of his peers. 5 Methods of Characterization 2. Attitude •How the character appears to feel about what is happening to him/her in the story. •Similar to how you may describe your attitude if you were in a similar situation. 5 Methods of Characterization Example of attitude/appearance: “She suffered constantly, feeling that all the attributes of a gracious life, every luxury, should rightly have been hers.” – from “The Necklace” In this quote from the popular short story we learn that the main character’s attitude is one of resentment, feeling that she deserves a better life. 5 Methods of Characterization 3. Dialogue •Dialogue is the way in which a character talks. •Dialogue includes the characters choice of words and syntax (the WAY he/she talks). •Is the character serious? Angry? Sarcastic? Shy? Obnoxious? Ignorant? Etc…all these qualities can be conveyed through the characters dialogue. 5 Methods of Characterization 4.Reactions of Others •How other characters in the story react to or treat the character that you are characterizing. •Reactions include verbal responses and physical or emotional treatment. •Character reactions can tell you if the character you are analyzing is liked or disliked, popular, honest, trust-worthy etc… 5 Methods of Characterization Example of Reactions of Others: In a story the way other characters interact with each other can reveal a lot about the characters. In the story “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” by James Thurber, Walter’s wife treats him with an almost boss-like motherly attitude rather than a loving wife. This reveals to the reader that his wife finds him to be incompetent or unable to accomplish things on his own. 5 Methods of Characterization 5. Action or Incident •An action or incident and how it affected them or how they reacted to it. •What action did the character take when confronted with a certain situation. •Is there an incident in the characters past that has shaped them as a character and affected the way they look at their life. •The action or incident determines the way the character develops as the story goes on. 5 Methods of Characterization Example of Action or Incident: In the novel, The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton we learn that the narrator lost his parents in a car accident when he was young. This accident happened before the story began and is affecting the development of the main character. In a character description you could explain how this incident affects the characters development and give examples of its effect. Notebook title: Types of Characters Protagonist/Antagonist •Protagonist: "good guy" or “hero” •Antagonist: "bad guy" “villain” villain. •To remember which is which, remember that the prefix pro means good, or positive, and the prefix ant means bad, or negative. •HOWEVER, the more literary correct definitions are as follows… Protagonist •The protagonist is the central character of a story. The protagonist can be male or female, and is written as being "good" most of the time, but in some instances can be "bad." The plot of the story is often written in the protagonist's point of view. Antagonist •The character that causes or leads the conflict against the protagonist is called the antagonist. The antagonist is not always human, but can be a group or force as well. Whatever the protagonist does that is good, the antagonist will work to counteract. Usually the antagonist attempts to disguise him/her/itself. This usually creates the suspense in a story. Protagonist/Antagonist • The protagonist and antagonist are distinctly different, and in most cases, complete opposites. They can both be very complex though. Just because the protagonist is the central character in the story does not mean that he/she/it is any more complex than the antagonist. When trying to identify the protagonist and antagonist in a story, think about which character is central to the story and which character (or what force) is acting against that central character. • Who is the protagonist in Fahrenheit 451? Who/what is the Antagonist? Round/Flat Characters • Let's begin by thinking about round and flat characterization like a painting. If you're an artist, you must decide how much detail to put into a painting. Do you want many lines and many colors, or just an outline and only black and white? As an author, you must decide how much detail to include about each character. Which characters are most important; how will giving detail, or not giving detail, affect the story? Round Character •Characters that are described in depth, with many details, are well-rounded characters. They are called round characters. If you're reading a story and you feel like you know a character extremely well, then most likely the character is round. The main character in a story is almost always round, but there are exceptions. Flat Characters • Characters that are not described well, that you're not given much information about, are flat characters. Consider a drawing: a three dimensional drawing gives more detail than a one dimensional drawing. If you draw a flat picture of a house, for example, you can only see one side of it. You cannot see three of the four sides. This is how a flat character is; you can only see a few characteristics of the character. There are many things you cannot "see", or many details you are not given by the author. Round or Flat Characters • As a reader, judge whether or not the character is round or flat by trying to write down characteristics of the character. Answer the question: What do you know about the character? If your list is long, with many characteristics, then the character is round. If your list is short, or there's not many characteristics at all, then the character is flat. Static or Dynamic Characters • The key word when dealing with the difference between static and dynamic characters is "change." The type of change, though, is specific. We are only concerned with internal changes; changes which occur within the character. These would include a major change in their personality, or a change in their outlook on life. Another important change that a character may undergo is a change in values, or it could be an overall change in the nature of the character. Do not focus on changes that happen TO a character, but rather, changes that happen WITHIN a character. Think about it this way: Does the event affect the character by changing the character internally? Static Characters •In order for a character to be considered a static character, the character must remain basically the same throughout the entire story. The character does not undergo any internal changes. Think of static characterization like plastic surgery. The character may change in looks, but unless their personality is affected, the character is static. Dynamic Characters • A dynamic character is a character that undergoes an internal change sometime between the beginning and end of the story. The change in the character is usually crucial to the story itself. Say a main character goes through a life-altering experience, such as a race car driver getting into an accident. If the driver's personality changes and he is no longer willing to take on the risk of driving a race car, the character would be dynamic. Static or Dynamic Characters • In order to distinguish static characters from dynamic characters, write down a description of the inner character at the beginning of the story, in other words, what do you initially learn about the character's personality? Answer these three questions: How does the character feel about his/her/itself? How does the character act towards others? What is the characters goal? Do the same thing and answer the same questions at the end of the story. Usually, if you're dealing with a dynamic character, you will be able to notice a difference between your personality descriptions as well as between the answers to the three questions. If there is no major difference, the character is static. 5 Methods of Characterization • Go over rubric & characterization worksheet. Directions: 1. Fill out a characterization worksheet. 2. Determine what type of character you have (round, flat, static, dynamic) and explain WHY you think so using examples from the text. 3. Draw a portrait of your character. Please be more creative than just a stick figure! You’ll be presenting these on Friday (no time tomorrow in class)! If you’re not prepared Friday, you’ll have to wing it. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Abdikafi & Deqa & Sumaya: Captain Beatty Fardosa & Osman & Iman: Clarisse McClellan Abdirahman & Najma: Mildred Montag Muna & Yusra: Guy Montag Fatah & Fadumo: Professor Faber Daily Writing: Mythology 2/27/14 Choose one prompt to respond to and explain with detail: • “I guess darkness serves a purpose: to show us that there is redemption through chaos. I believe in that. I think that's the basis of Greek mythology.” ~Brendan Fraser • “I'm obsessed with Greek mythology. My favorite goddess is Artemis. She's strong and reminds me of Katniss, the heroine of 'The Hunger Games.” ~Isabelle Fuhrman Planner • Due tomorrow: Character Presentations Thursday: 451 1. Map a timeline that depicts the development of the story. • 2. Include the most significant turning points, but also lesser events that build tension. Note points of the plot diagram: Exposition (Introduction), Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action & Resolution The neatest, most complete timeline will receive late HW passes. 3. Done with your timeline early? = work on character presentation! 4. Present timelines Daily Writing: Equality 2/28/14 Choose one prompt to respond to and explain with detail: • “Coming generations will learn equality from poverty, and love from woes.” ~Khalil Gibran • “Equality may perhaps be a right, but no power on earth can ever turn it into a fact.” ~Honore de Balzac Planner • Final unit test on Thursday – ALL vocab and ?s from the novel Friday: 451 1. 2. Good job on your timelines! Osman & Fardosa and Fadumo & Fatah worked together the BEST -- present! Present character analysis: • • Hand in your rubric before you present, and your character worksheets and poster after you present. As always, anyone not engaged/respecting their peers will receive a point off of their presentation. 3. Move on to discussion on theme… Friday: 451 • • • What is a theme? Themes in Fahrenheit 451? Think.Pair.Share: • Journal title: Theme on [Topic] • • Reflect on what lessons you think Bradbury is trying to share with us with his story. Use examples from the text to support your opinion.