Unit 2 Study Guide

Unit 2 Study Guide
CRIJ 103 – Introduction to Law and Justice
Chapters 5 thru 8
Substantive law is
Offenses defined as crimes by all societies are referred to as
Legal limitations on the criminal law include all of the following except
A bill of attainder
The right of privacy
The elements of criminal liability include
The three forms of the actus reus include
According to the Model Penal Code, there are four levels of mens rea. These are
The “but for" cause is also referred to as
Liability without fault is also referred to as
An example of a justification defense is
All of the following were elements of larceny under the common law except
13. Generally, actus reus can be fulfilled by
14. ________ addresses the blameworthiness of the suspect, whereas ________ addresses the
the suspect’s legal responsibility for his/her actions.
15. To satisfy the requirements of self-defense, the actor must have
Criminal procedure law sets forth the
The due process model is primarily concerned with
The primary source of criminal procedure law is the
The court with the final word on the constitutionality of state action is the
The two portions of the Fourth Amendment are the
One requirement for the issuance of a valid warrant is
A critical, urgent situation that may justify ignoring the warrant requirement is
sometimes referred to as
The standard for when a seizure has occurred is based on the perception of
Brief, limited seizures to investigate crime, endorsed by the Supreme Court in 1968, are
sometimes referred to as all of the following except
A stop and frisk must be based on what level of suspicion?
The plain view doctrine allows officers to seize evidence they see so long as the officers
Open fields are best defined as
The Miranda warning must be given when there is
The exclusionary rule is
30. Under the Sixth Amendment, appointed counsel is required only at
31. The burden of proof necessary to meet in a civil trial is
32. Which of the following categories of civil law deals with ownership and possession of real
33. In civil law, cases involving personal injury are called
34. The standard of proof in civil cases in which punitive damages are sought is
35. Elements of a two-party contract include
36. For negligence to exist, the plaintiff must prove that
37. If a court finds that Jon’s injury at the negligence of Pete is partly his own fault (30 percent
responsible), and he can therefore recover only 70 percent from Pete, this is called
38. General requirements for a valid marriage in a majority of states include all but which of the
39. The two categories of grounds for divorce are
40. Child support is based on
41. Using one’s property in such a way that it has an unreasonably adverse effect on other
property owners is called
42. The term ordinary care refers specifically to the degree of care expected
43. Contributory negligence is a defense to civil liability that states that
Which of the following amendment rights do defendants enjoy in civil cases?
Civil law protection against double jeopardy is known as
46. The burden of proof traditionally used in juvenile court has been
47. The first juvenile court was established in 1899 in
48. The term parens patriae refers to the concept of
49. Offenses that are specific to juveniles are called
50. Juvenile law has traditionally fallen under the umbrella of ____ law.
51. The legal term used to describe the level at which a person is legally responsible for his or
her actions is
52. Juveniles commit about ___ times more property offenses than we might expect from their
proportion in the population.
53. The legal term ex parte refers to a
54. The juvenile court equivalent of an adult criminal trial is
55. Which U.S. Supreme Court case ruled that if a possibility of confinement in a secure facility
exists, the “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard of proof applies to juvenile hearings?
56. Which U. S. Supreme Court case(s) abolished the juvenile death penalty?
57. Early places of detention for juveniles in England were known as
58. The Ex Parte Crouse case was about
59. A direct file juvenile waiver is one in which
60. Studies of juvenile waivers have shown that