Q. Give a function of Red marrow.

3.5.3 Musculoskeletal System FMQuiz Homework Solution
Q. Give two functions of the human skeleton.
A. Strength; Support; Shape; Mobility; Protection;
Muscle attachment; Blood cell production
Q. Name one disorder of the musculoskeletal
A. Arthritis; Osteoporosis
Q. Explain what is meant by the axial skeleton?
A. Vertebral column and skull & rib cage
Q. Give a function of Red marrow.
A. Formation of blood cells
Q. A pair of muscles that have opposite effects are
called …
A. Antagonistic muscle pair
Q. Give a function of Cartilage.
A. Protection (absorbs shock); Reduces friction;
Allows bone elongation
Q. Where are the discs in the human backbone?
A. Between the vertebrae
Q. Where are thoracic vertebrae found?
A. Back of chest
Q. Muscles are joined to bones by...
A. Tendons
Q. Bones are joined to other bones by ...
A. Ligaments
Q. Name the vertebrae found in the neck.
A. Cervical
Q. Name the part of the central nervous system
that runs through the vertebrae.
A. Spinal cord
Q. A tendon joins ......... to bone.
A. Muscle
Q. Give a function of synovial fluid.
A. Lubrication; Shock absorption; Protection
Q. Name the vertebrae found in the small of the
A. Lumbar
Q. Which upper arm muscle contracts to raise the
lower arm?
A. Biceps
Q. Name the type of joint at the elbow.
A. Hinge; Synovial
Q. Suggest one reason why the bones of birds are
almost hollow.
A. To be light; To allow flight
Q. Where are caudal vertebrae found?
A. Tail end of spinal column
Q. What is the function of the discs in the human
A. Shock absorption; Friction-free movement;
Prevention of wear and tear
Q. Give a role of Yellow bone marrow.
A. Fat storage; Can convert to red marrow
Q. Name a long bone in the human body.
A. Femur; Tibia; Fibula; Humerus; Radius; Ulna
Q. State a function of spongy bone.
A. Strength; Rigidity; Makes marrow
Q. State a function of medullary cavity.
A. Makes (yellow) marrow; Stores fat; Makes blood
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