Introduction to software : Module 1.2 1. Sets of instructions that ‘tell’ a computer what to do are known as programs. 2. The two main groups of software are: System software Application software 3. System software which controls all activities that take place in a computer is known as the operating system. 4. Programs that were written to perform specific tasks for users are called application software. 5. Software that is intended to control, support or operate the computer, is called system software. 6. Android, iOS and Windows Mobile are examples of operating systems used in mobile devices. 7. Two examples of Windows operating systems are: Any two: Windows7 Windows 2010 Windows Vista Windows XP 8. The part of the operating system that presents and arranges the content of the screen to make it easy for users to understand and use, is known as the interface. 9. The program that manages all the hardware and software on the computer is called the operating system. 10. The program that maintains all security on a computer, is called the operating system. 11. GUI is the acronym for Graphical User Interface. 12. The first basic ‘screen’ that a user sees when the computer is switched on, is the desktop. 13. Name four visual aids used in modern operating systems to make it easier for users to communicate with a computer: Any four: Menus Windows Icons Toolbars Buttons Dialog boxes with components like textboxes, spinners, radio buttons, etc. 14. Small programs that reside on your desktop and provide some useful functions such as displaying the time on a clock, showing you the latest news and weather and displaying a calendar, are called gadgets or widgets. 15. The text that appears when the mouse is resting on an icon is called a tooltip. 16. The control that allows the user space to enter information is a textbox. 17. When the user clicks on this control, a command is executed or something is activated: Button. 18. The GUI-component that allows a user to choose from a list of given options or add his own options: Combo box. 19. The GUI-component where multiple options can be selected by the user: Check box. 20. Useful programs that come bundled with most operating systems, that are not specifically aimed at the core functioning of the operating systems, but provide useful add-on programs for the user: Accessories. 21. Application software that allows you to perform tasks that are based on calculations and also provides charting facilities: Spreadsheet. 22. Application software that is used to access and view web pages on the Internet: Web browser. 23. Application software used to create, edit, format and print text-based documents: Word processor. 24. Application software used to store data in an organised manner, manipulate the data and process the data into information: Database. 25. Application software that can combine text, sound and graphics including animation into a presentation – usually in the form of an electronic slide show – is called presentation software. 26. Special programs that are needed to allow the user to view ‘special’ effects (usually multimedia effects) are called plug-ins. 27. Application software used in the creation and design of websites: Web authoring software. 28. Separate programs such as a word processor, spreadsheet, database, presentation and communication software that are combined as an integrated unit and that is sold as a bundle to be used in office environments: Office suite. 29. Give four examples of financial application programs: 30. Pastel Accounting ACCPAC Microsoft Money Quicken Give three examples of communication software: Any three: 31. Microsoft Mail Outlook Pegasus Mail Skype Google Chat A Windows accessory that provides different options to capture screen shots is called a snipping tool.