Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart

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Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation

RIS3. How to design RIS3. The importance of de EDP

WORKSHOP ON MESURES FOR PUBLIC SUPPORT TO INNOVATION

Agency for Innovation and Technology Transfer of Moldova

Chisinau, 31 March, 2015

Carmen Sillero

Head of Division Strategy and Programmes

Agency of Innovation and Development of Andalusia

1

RIS3. The importance of EDP

Europe 2020

Smart Specialisation Strategy. The concept

RIS3 Glosary

Entrepreneurial Discovery Process

RIS3 Moldova

Conclusions

RIS3. The importance of EDP 2

EUROPA 2020 STRATEGY

Smart Growth

Sustainable Growth

Inclusive Growth

Targets 2020

Employment:

75% of the 20-64 year-olds to be employed

3% of the EU's GDP to be invested in

R&D

«20/20/20» Climate change and energy sustainability.

greenhouse gas emissions 20% lower than 1990, 20% of energy from renewables

20% increase in energy efficiency

Educación

Reducing the rates of early school leaving below 10%, at least 40% of

30-34–year-olds completing third level education

Fighting poverty and social exclusion at least 20 million fewer people in

3

EUROPA 2020 Flagships Initiatives

Innovation Union

Digital agenda for Europe

Youth on the move

Resource Efficient Europe

An industrial policy for the globalisation era

An agenda for new skills and jobs

European Platform against poverty

RIS3. The importance of EDP 4

Smart Specialisation Strategy. The concept

EU 2020: Flagship Union for Innovation

Communication “Regional Policy Contributing to Smart Growth in Europe”

Ex-conditionality on the new cohesion framework 2014-2020

Regions will be required to identify the sectors, the technological domains, or the major areas of likely competitive advantage, and then focus their regional policy as to promote innovation in these fields.

RIS3. The importance of EDP 5

Smart Specialisation Strategy. The rationale

Knowledge for Growth Group (K4G) “Transatlantic productivity gap”

Fragmentation and repetition. All regions looking at the same technological domains.

Lower level of technological and economic specialisation

European clusters are not the best ranked on the global market, because of low level of competitiveness and international integration, and the failing capacity to internalise the growing knowledge spillovers in innovation and value chains.

Focus on specific domains, exploiting their position and regional –based comparative advantage in innovation

Open Innovation System

More complex form of governance, decentralised coordination

To concentrate resources on few key priorities rather than spreading investment thinly across areas and business sector.

RIS3. The importance of EDP 6

“Smart specialization emphasizes on innovation and concentrate scarce human and financial resources in few areas globally competitive and identified by a process of entrepreneurial discovery "

“The regions must pursue a diversified portfolio of related activities, finding the balance between enough specialization to be competitive, but not too much to expose the region to the risks of changes in market conditions or other unpredictable external events "

RIS3. The importance of EDP 7

RIS3 GLOSARY

SPECIALISATION

CONTEXT AND

HISTORY

ENTREPRENEURIAL

DISCOVERY PROCESS

EMBEDEDNESS

TECHNOLOGICAL

RELATEDNESS

,

BRANCHING EFFECT

ALL STAKEHOLDERS

FULLY INVOLVED

PRIORITISATION , CONCENTRATING KNOWLEDGE

RESOURCES FOR ECONOMIC SPECIALISATION ON THE

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF THE TERRITORY

TAILOR MADE , EACH TERRITORY ITS OWN MODEL

OPENESS, CONECTIVITY TO THE MARKET, ALIANCES,

COOPERATION, GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN

ENCOURAGE ALL INNOVATION FORMS AND

EXPERIMENTATION, NOT JUST TECHNOLOGICAL ,

INCLUDING SOCIAL INNOVATION

KET

OPEN INNOVATION

TECNOLOGY HIBRIDATION

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

RIS3. The importance of EDP

8

C

hoices

C

ompetitive Adventage

C

ritical Mass

C

ollaborative Leadership

RIS3. The importance of EDP 9

S3 and peripheral regions. Questions and doubts

In peripheral regions, entrepreneurial processes tend to be less successful

Lack of connectivity

Small market potential

Low level global integration

Too specialised economy, insufficiently diversified

Searching and exploiting the

TECHNOLOGICAL

Will S3 approach drive lagging regions

RELATEDNESS

,

Will the core advanced regions be the only ones to focus on its able to focus their traditional domains?

specialisation on

TECNOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATION OF MAJOR

EMBEDED INDUSTRIES

Fostering learning linkages with industrial production zones and knowledge regions

Regional policy focus on foster human capital formation for the new

“knowledge needs”

Following region access to problem solving expertise

Entrepreneurial Discovery Process

FUNDING

CLIENTS

MARKETS

COMPANIES

COOPERATION

GLOBAL VALUE

CHAINS

SERVICES

TALENT

CREATIVITY

RESEARCH AND

INNOVATION

RIS3. The importance of EDP

What do they need?

With whom they cooperate?

Who are their competitors and their customers?

Is there critical mass?

Is there excellence?

11

Entrepreneurial Discovery Process

- Utilizing entrepreneurial knowledge existing in a country

-Taking an entrepreneurial approach in the sense of focusing on market opportunities

- Managing risks and seeking alliances to optimise the access to and use of resources

(physical, financial, intellectual, market knowledge, etc.).

- Policy makers should involve all types of innovation actors (e.g. businesses, technology and competence centres, universities and public agencies, science and business parks, business angels and venture capitalists, civil society, etc.)

The government no longer plays a role of omniscient planner but it will assess the potential of the new activities and empower those actors which are most capable of realizing that potential.

RIS3. The importance of EDP 12

RIS3 Guide

D. Foray, P. McCann, J. Goddard,

K. Morgan, C. Nauwelaers, R. Ortega.

European Commission

RIS3 Platform team

Internationalisation

Policy

Delivery

Instruments

Entrepreneurship and incubation

Connecting Universities

Social Innovation

Clusters

Green Growth

Cultural and creative industries

Digital agenda

Financial engineering

Research infrastructures

Skills Key Enabling Technologies

SMEs Support Innovation PP

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Methodological support

Policy

Rationale

Smart Specialisation GUIDE

CP Regulations 2013-20

(COM) “The contribution of Regional Policy to smart Growth”

(COM) “The contribution of Regional Policy to sustainable Growth”

Innovation Union Flagship

Innovation Union self-assessment tool

Regional Innovation Monitor

OECD 2011 “Regions and Innovation Policy”

IRE-RIS Guide

Directory “No-Nonsense” to build S 3

Diagnostic Systèmes d’Innovation (Praguer)

Economic

Rationale

“Knowledge for Growth”

FWP Evaluation

Innovation Systems

Endogenous Growth

“Innovative milieux”

Policy Experimentation

RIS-RITTs 1994-2004

Competitive Advantage – M-Porter

Industrial districts

Evolutionary Economics

Economic Geography

14

ANALYSIS OF THE

REGIONAL CONTEXT

AND POTENTIAL FOR

INNOVATION

INTEGRATION OF

MONITORING AND

EVALUATION

MECHANISMS

RIS3 phases

GOVERNANCE:

ENSURING

PARTICIPATION AND

OWNERSHIP

DEFINITION OF

COHERENT POLICY

MIX, ROADMAPS

AND ACTION PLAN

ELABORATION OF AN

OVERALL VISION FOR

THE FUTURE OF THE

REGION

IDENTIFICATION

OF PRIORITIES

RIS3. The importance of EDP 15

Step 1 - Analysis of the regional context and potential for innovation

The analysis should cover three main dimensions:

• Territorial assets, such as technological infrastructures; Major strengths and weaknesses, identifying any bottlenecks of the innovation system and key challenges both for the economy and the society. Economic differentiation is one of the central principles behind smart specialisation.

Linkages with the rest of the world and the position of the region within the

European and global economy, and

• Dynamics of the entrepreneurial environment.

Level of entrepreneurship.

Degree of business development and innovation potential.

Entrepreneurs in the broad sense: actors regional innovation system.

Tools suitable for this kind of analysis can include SWOT analysis, regional profiling studies, targeted surveys and expert assessments. consulting firms and clusters; technology audits; Prospective studies ...

Step 2 - Governance: Ensuring participation and ownership

RIS3 process requires broad participation of stakeholders from different types and levels: Public officials, and enterprise networks, universities, research centers, technology centers, incubators, NGOs, consumers ...

“Cuadruple

Helix".

- Open, transparent and collaborative process.

Entrepreneurial discovery Process

Collaborative leadership Codecision

Step 3 - Elaboration of an overall vision for the future of the region

Having a clear and shared vision of regional development is crucial in order to keep stakeholders engaged in the process, a task that is particularly challenging, given that a RIS3 is a long-term process.

•Determine the strategic objective for the future of RIS3.

•Discuss and decide where you want to place the region in the future.

•Mobilizing power: generating a positive voltage to the achievement of strategic objectives.

•Ensure the long term all stakeholders engagement in the process.

Step 4 - Identification of priorities

Decision making and priority setting:

Select a limited number of areas of specialization or differentiation, in which the territory already has assets and critical mass, with potential for smart specialization.

Areas with innovative potential in the region to pursue excellence.

Horizontal priorities ICT. KETs.

Prevent most powerful pressure groups control the process of decision making.

Step 5 - Definition of coherent policy mix, roadmaps and action plan

• Roadmap, action plan, using pilot projects.

• Identification of appropriate instruments and measures to achieve the objectives.

• Tools to overcome challenges and difficulties identified in the process.

Policy delivery instruments and horizontal approaches

Clusters

Innovation friendly business environments for SMEs

Research infrastructures, centers of competence and science parks

Universities-enterprise cooperation

Digital agenda

Key enabling technologies

Cultural and creative industries

Internationalisation

Financial engineering instruments

Skills

Innovative public procurement

Green growth

Social innovation

RIS3. The importance of EDP 21

Step 6 - Integration of monitoring and evaluation mechanisms

Mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating should be integrated in the strategy and its different components from the very beginning.

Monitoring: verify the correct and efficient implementation of the measures.

Evaluation: External process aims at verifiying whether strategic objectives have been achieved

It is necessary to adapt and update the strategy regularly.

The information obtained through monitoring and evaluation mechanisms should be taken into account when updating the strategy.

Establish measurable objectives and performance indicators.

Peers review

ANDALUSIAN INNOVATION

STRATEGY 2014-2020

RIS3 ANDALUSIA

Carmen Sillero

Head of Division for Strategy and Programmes

Agency of Innovation and Development of Andalusia

Chisinau, 30 march 2015

GDP 16.666 € pc (2013)

73% pc EU 27 (2011)

Area

87.597 km

2

Andalusia

A griculture live-stock,

5%

Population (2014)

8.392.635

Services

74%

Transition Region

Nº of companies

(2013) 472.370

83% qualified working population

34,2 % university graduates

Industry

12%

Building

9%

Total spending R&D /GDP 1,1%

Private sector 36,3 %

policies and system of evaluation prioritisation vision

RIS3 process

governance analysis of the innovation system entrepreneurial discovery process

governance

political governance collaborative leadership

Management committee reference group large enterprises

SMEs entrepreneurs experience business technical team expert group business sector andalusian knowledge system communication social networks

participatory joint decision-making process

Process of Intensive

Interrelation between agents

entrepreneurial discovery process

Entrepreneurial discovering workshop

vision

Sustainable and efficient

Social and personcentred

Active and more enterprising

Advance and more innovative

Andalusia and the future

Healthy and a guarantee of social wellbeing

Internal cohesion and open to the world

Prioritisation

MOBILITY AND

LOGISTIC

TRANSPORT-

RELATED

ADVANCED

INDUSTRY

TERRITORIALLY

BASED

ENDOGENOUS

RESOURCES

TOURISM,

CULTURE AND

LEISURE

HEALTH AND

SOCIAL WELL

BEING

AGROINDUSTRY

AND HEALTHY

DIET

RENEWABLE

ENERGY, ENERGY

EFFICIENCY AND

SUSTAINABLE

BUILDING

ICT AND DIGITAL

ECONOMY

EFFICIENT AND

COMPETITIVE

INDUSTRY

SOCIAL

INNOVATION

KEY ENABLE

TECHNOLOGIES

Dimensions

INNOVATIVE SMES

SOURCE OF

EMPLOYMENT

NETWORKING

OVERSEAS

PROJECTION

EDUCATION, TALENT AND CREATIVE

ENVIRONMENTS

INFRASTRUCTURE FOR

COMPETITIVENESS AND

EXCELLENCE

challenges

9 challenges

Increase the propensity to innovate

Make innovation part of Andalusia’s identity

The Knowledge System as an economic driver

Private sector as the leader of innovative processes

Beacon in research and innovation in priority RIS3 areas

Accessibility of ICT

Knowledge capital as a key to economic development

Capture of external resources and capacities to reinforce current knowledge capital

Innovative public administrations

12 Objectives

objetives

R&D&I / GDP

= 2%

Private sector contribution to R&D&I:

50%

20% intensity of innovation in companies

20% researchers

X

2 innovative companies

50% patents

50%

GVA of medium and high-tech activities

+60% exports of medium and high-tech activities

100% high-speed broadband

40% companies in the online market

85% of the population using Internet regularly

40% population + 100 companies using eadministration regularly

policies and evaluation system

instruments

Financial

Instruments

Fiscal

Instruments

Advanced

Services

Infrastructure for Innovation and

Enterprise

Innovative

Public

Procurement

Regulatory

Development

Private Funds

1.184 mill.

policies and evaluation system

financial framework

Public Funds

2.016 mill.

3.200 million €

policies and evaluation system

monitoring and evaluation

Governance

Panel of indicators

Monitoring Plan

Evaluation Plan

Review Mechanisms

The Smart Specialisation of Andalusia must (I):

I

dentify the sustainable

detonation factors

entrepreneurial which put into motion ecosystems based on open innovation, where the business sector, the knowledge system and the citizens are

commited

to invest their efforts and skills

Connect

the higher number of

capacities

and those which better spill over on the innovation, science and business sector

C

reate

shared value

in Andalusia, generating the highest number of new opportunities

The Smart Specialisation of Andalusia must (Il):

G ive the

driver role

of the strategy to the

business sector

and the supporting accompaniment role to the andalusian government

E ncourage the

confidence-building governance

, making the most of the sound entrepreneurial discovery process launched

Be able to adapt to change.

The commitment of the business representatives is essential to allow the RIS3 loop to provide learning, to correct the route.

To be intelligent means to be able to learn and to improve accordingly

Description

RIS 3 MOLDOVA. Approved in June 2013 by the Parliament

Research &

Innovation

Capabilities

Business Areas &

Target Market

EU Prioritit

Biotechnology

Cultural heritatage

Energy efficienciency..

Health & biomedicine...

Innovative mateterials

1. Manufacturing

& industry

2. Biotechnology

1. Human health & social work activities

1. KETs

2. Industrial biotechnology

1. Creative, cultural arts & entertainment

1. Creative, cultural arts

& entertainment

1. Cultural & creative industries

1. Energy production & distribution

2. Power generation/renew able sources

1. Energy production & distribution

2. Energy distribution

1. Services

2. Scientific research & development

1. Human health & social work activities

1. Sustainable innovation

2. Sustainable energy & renewables

1. Public health & security

1. Manufacturing

& industry

1. Manufacturing & industry

1. KETs

2. Advanced materials

Conclusions

A new form of regional planning. New paradigm focused on prioritisation

Open, crossectoral, cross geografical

Entrepreneurial discovery in the core of the RIS3, puting in place an integrated ecosystem of companies, public administration, researchers, and citizens to identify together new opportunities to serve the market

New tools, talents and mindsets.

An experiemental y evolutionary approach, where monitoring is key.

RIS3 is a challenge for public administration and for universities which are being compelled to innovate themselves.

RIS3. The importance of EDP 39

http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/the-kingdom-of-smart

Mulţumesc

[email protected]

RIS3. The importance of EDP 40

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