Judaism and the Jewish People.

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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Origins of Judaism
Seat work
Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and
discuss your three sticky notes on pages 170-175 with
your row group.
Central Question:
What was the relationship that the Israelites had with
their God? (2.5c)
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Origins of Judaism
Quiz show:
What is monotheism?
The worship of one god.
Who lead the Exodus?
Moses
What are the three sections of the Hebrew Bible?
The Torah, the Prophets, the Writings
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Judaism and the Jewish People
Introduction
Chapter Introduction
This chapter will introduce you to Judaism and
the Jewish People. You will learn how religious
beliefs have shaped history and how religion
influences ideas about right and wrong. You also
will see how strong traditions help people survive
hard times.
Section 1: The Origins of Judaism
Section 2: The Teachings of Judaism
Section 3: The Jewish People
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
Think about writings that
come to us from long ago.
What can these writings tell us
about the time, place, or people
who made them?
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
Key Ideas
The Israelite belief in one God developed into
the religion known as Judaism.
Jews believe that God freed the Israelites from
slavery after sending Moses to lead them.
The Israelites eventually settled in Canaan,
their Promised Land.
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
Key Terms
monotheism—belief in a single God
ethics—beliefs about what is right and wrong
Torah—first five books of the Hebrew Bible
Exodus—escape of the Israelites from
slavery in Egypt
commandment—an order to do something
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Early Israelites
and the Worship of One God
Monotheism is the belief in only one God.
The teachings and practices of Jewish beliefs are
called Judaism.
Many Jewish beliefs come from the first five books of
the Bible, called the Torah.
Jews view Abraham as the founder of Judaism.
The Bible says God made a covenant with Abraham,
offering him blessings and showing him the Promised
Land.
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Early Israelites
and the Worship of One God
Abraham’s sons and their descendants are believed
to be the forefathers of the Jewish people.
The oral stories of Abraham and the patriarchs were
later written down in Genesis, the first book of the
Torah.
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Early Israelites
and the Worship of One God
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Exodus
According to the Bible, the Egyptians enslave and
mistreat the Israelites.
The pharaoh refuse to release the Israelites, even
though he was afraid of them.
The word exodus can also mean a mass departure.
How does the word relate to the Biblical description
of how the Israelites left Egypt?
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
Thou Shalt . . .
Understanding the Ten Commandments
Commandment
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Meaning
Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
How are religion and culture connected?
The Israelites
The Worship
of One God
The
Exodus
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The Ten
Commandments
Return to the
Promised Land
Judaism and the Jewish People
The Origins of Judaism
The Origins of Judaism
Seat work
Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and
discuss your three sticky notes on pages 176-181 with
your row group.
Central Question:
How did Judaism affect the way in which the Jews act
and think about the past? (1.5d)
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Teachings of Judaism
Key Ideas
The Hebrew Bible is the basis of Jewish
teaching and practice.
Jewish people give special importance to
studying and understanding God’s laws.
The teachings of Judaism deal with how
people should relate to God and to one
another.
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Teachings of Judaism
Basic Teachings
How was the Israelites’ idea of God different
from that of neighboring peoples?
According to the basic teaching of
ethical monotheism, what does God want?
Why is ethical monotheism
the most important teaching of Judaism?
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Teachings of Judaism
Love for Others
Jewish people’s beliefs require them to help
others.
Jewish efforts to fight discrimination have
influenced modern thinking on human rights.
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Judaism and the Jewish People
The Teachings of Judaism
Other Key Teachings
The Sabbath is a Jewish day of rest.
Jewish beliefs stress study and prayer.
Jews feel closely tied to the Land of Israel,
because they believe it is the land God
promised to Abraham.
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