The student will read, construct meaning, and respond to a

PASS Objectives
Oklahoma State Department of Education PASS objectives
Standard 3: Literature - The student will read, construct meaning, and
respond to a wide variety of literary forms.
2. Literary Elements - Demonstrate knowledge of literary elements and techniques and
show how they affect the development of a literary work.
a. Describe and analyze elements of fiction including plot, conflict, character, setting,
theme, mood and point of view with emphasis on how they are addressed and
b. Explain how an author's viewpoint or choice of a narrator affects the characterization
and the tone, plot, mood and credibility of a text.
c. Analyze characters' traits by what the characters say about themselves in narration,
dialogue, and soliloquy (when they speak out loud to themselves).
NCTE Objectives
1. Students read a wide range of print and non-print texts to build an understanding of
texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to
acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the
workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction,
classic and contemporary works.
NBCT Standards
Proposition 2: Teachers know the subjects they teach and how to teach those
subjects to students.
What can we learn from these
characters? What traits does the
character possess?
•Physical- What does the character look like?
How do the character’s physical attributes play a
role in the story? How does the character feel
about his or her physical attributes? How does
the character change physically during the
story? How do these changes affect the
character’s experience?
• Intellectual- How would you describe
this character’s intelligence? What
does this character know? How does
this character’s intellect compare to
others in the story? Is this character
smart enough to thrive in the world in
which he or she lives? What does this
character learn as the story
•Emotional- How does this character feel
most of the time? How do his or her
feelings change throughout the story? How
does this character feel about himself or
herself? When faced with challenges in the
story, what emotions come up for this
• Social- How does this character get
along with other characters in the
story? Who does this character
choose for friends and why does this
character choose them? Where does
this character stand in the social
order? How does this character’s
social standing affect events in the
• Philosophical- What does this
character believe about the way life
is? What are these beliefs based on?
How do these beliefs affect the
choices this character makes? How
do those beliefs change throughout
the story? Do others in the story
share these beliefs?
Static Character
Character aka
dynamic character
Stock Character
Flat Character
Foil Character
Round Character
Minor Characters
Existential Character
By: Charlotte Perkins
•Regarded as an
important early work
of American feminist
•Illustrates attitudes
toward 19th century
women’s physical and
mental health
*Link to Additional Information
Woman in the
How are these characters developed throughout
the story? Who are the main characters and why?
This is a scene from
a theatre production
of “The Yellow
The woman
trapped in the
What characters in the story do
you sympathize with?
What are some character traits
that you have that characterize
who you are?
1.In assigned groups, list the main characters
from the story, tell what type of character,
and list at least six different character traits
for each. Discuss how the characters are
2.Class discussion.
3.Write a personal character analysis essay
expressing your character traits and how
they make you who you are in society.
“The Yellow Wallpaper” represents Gilman’s
own perspective on the treatment of mental
illnesses during the 19th century and the role
of the woman in society.
Discover why Gilman wrote “The Yellow
Wallpaper” and how society has changed its
view toward the mentally ill since the 19th
century. The website link provided can give
more insight into Gilman and many other
female authors.