Chapter 23 Section 5 Literature, Music and Art in the Industrial Age Mr. Love World History 3 Romanticism • Romanticism – These artists were interested in showing • • • • the life as they thought it should be rather than as it really was. Famous romantics – William Wordsworth, John Keats, and Lord Byron Sir Walter Scott wrote about the days of knighthood. In Germany, the Grimm brothers collected fairytales that are popular today. James Fenimore Cooper wrote adventure stories that idealized the American Indian and the frontier (Last of the Mohicans) Romantic Music, Painting and Architecture • Famous composer from Germany, Ludwig van Beethoven. Expressed a love of nature in his music. • Polish born composer Frederic Chopin as well as Russian composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky. • These operas were very nationalistic. What does this mean? Romantic Music, Painting and Architecture • Painters take to the landscape to paint rather than sitting in a studio. Brought intense color to the paintings. • Architecture expressed itself in a Gothic revival. An attempt to recreate the great architectural style of the Middle Ages. Photography • The age of photography began in 1839 when • • • Louis-Jaques-Mande Daguerre introduced his daguerreotype, an early type of photograph. Major impact on the world. William Jackson’s photos of Yellowstone influenced Congress to make it the first national park. Matthew Brady’s Civil War pictures showed the realities of war. How was war seen before photographs? Civil War photography • Many of the famous • photographs will lead to another form of painting – realism. Antietem The Rise of Realism • In the mid- 1800’s some writers and artists • • began to deal with everyday life and social settings, an approach called realism. In the US one form of realism was regionalism, which focused on everyday life in particular places. (Mark Twain) In the late 1800’s, the naturalists took realism even further. They showed the ugly and unpleasant aspects of life. (poverty, social problems) Realism The Rise of Realism • Impressionism – tried to paint vivid impressions of people and places. Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir were leading impressionists. Experiments in Art Forms • Impressionism led to • • post impressionism. Emphasized color design over realism. Tomorrow – Study Guide for chapter 23.