Story Dissection

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Story Dissection
A.K.A. Literary Analysis
Getting inside an author’s head
 Did you ever wonder what an author was thinking as
they wrote a story that you were reading?
 Why did he/she include specific characters?
 How did he/she decide who should tell the story?
 Why did the story take place in this setting?
 Did the author provide hints throughout the story
about what would happen later?
Literary Analysis helps answer these questions.
The Protagonist
The main character
(The protagonist can be human, animal or
anything else the author chooses.)
Example: Greg Heffley is the protagonist in
Diary of a Wimpy Kid.
The Antagonist
The force that opposes (works against) the protagonist.
(The antagonist can be human, animal, emotion,
weather – anything.)
Example: Rodrick is the antagonist in
Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules
Setting
The time and the place a story occurs.
(You must identify both.)
Example: The setting in The Hunger Games
is post-apocalyptic North America in a town
called Panem.
Conflict
The struggle between opposing forces which causes the
action in the story.
The conflict can be:
EXTERNAL – character versus character, character versus
nature, character versus machine, or character versus world.
INTERNAL – character versus himself (emotion, self struggle,
insanity)
Plot
The series of events that make up the action of the
story.
Exposition-introduces the characters, setting, and basic
situation
Rising Action-events as the conflict increases
Climax-high point of interest or suspense
Falling Action-the central conflict ends
Resolution-the ending of the story
Plot Line
Climax
(turning point)
Exposition
Resolution
Mood
The feeling that the author creates for the reader.
Example: happiness, fear, anticipation, mystery, etc.
The mood can change from scene to scene.
The mood of “The Three Little Pigs” ranges from
suspenseful, scary, to jubilant.
Theme
The general idea, truth, or concern about life the author
wants the reader to learn from the story.
“The moral”
Example: Laziness does not pay off.
The pig who built his house out of
brick and took his time found that
his time paid off.
Foreshadowing
The dropping of clues by the author to prepare the
reader for what is to come.
Example: In Charlotte’s Web, Charlotte tells Wilbur that
“every living thing must die.” Why is this an example of
forshadowing?
At the end of the book, Charlotte herself dies.
Point of View
How the story is told; the narration. There are three
commonly used points of view: first person, omniscient
3rd person, or limited 3rd person point of view.
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