The Interpersonal Communicatin Book 11th Ed.

advertisement
This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 1)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Chapter 3: Perceptions of Self
and Others in Interpersonal
Communication
Self concept – how you see yourself comes
from four sources
1. Others’ images of you (looking glass self)
2. Social comparisons
Upward
Downward
3. Cultural teachings
4. Self evaluation
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 2)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Self in Interpersonal
Communication
Self awareness – how well you know yourself
The Johari Model emphasizes four aspects of self
awareness
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open – known to self and others
Blind – known to others but not self
Hidden – known to self but not others
Unknown – no one knows
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 3)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Self in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Unknown Known to
to others
others
The Johari Model
Known to self
Unknown to self
Open Self
Blind Self
Hidden Self
Unknown Self
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 4)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Self in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Growing in self awareness
 Ask yourself about yourself
 Listen to others
 Actively seek information about yourself
 See your different selves
 Increase your open self
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 5)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Self in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Self Esteem – how valuable you think you are.
Ways to increase self esteem
1. Attack self destructive beliefs
2. Seek out nourishing people
3. Work on projects that will result in success
4. Secure affirmation
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 6)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Self in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
 Perception is the process by which we
become aware of objects, events, and people
around us
 Interpersonal perception is a continuous
series of processes that blend into each other
 We separate processes into five stages for
study and analysis
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 7)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Perception in Interpersonal
Communication
Five stages of perception
Stage One: Stimulation
 Selective perception
 Selective attention
 Selective exposure
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 8)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Perception in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Stage Two: Organization
1. Rules
 Proximity
 Similarity
 Contrast
2. Schemata (schema)
3. Scripts
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 9)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Perception in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Stage Three: Interpretation and Evaluation
 Combined because they are simultaneous
Stage Four: Memory
Stage Five: Recall
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 10)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Perception in Interpersonal
Communication (cont.)
Impression formation processes
1.Self-fulfilling prophecy
2.Implicit personality theory


“Halo effect”
“Reverse halo effect” or “horns effect”
3.Perceptual accentuation
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 11)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Formation
4. Primacy-recency effect
5. Consistency
6. Attribution of control



Self-serving bias
Overattribution
Fundamental attribution error
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 12)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Formation (cont.)
Ways to increase accuracy in impression
formation




Analyze impressions
Check perceptions
Reduce uncertainty
Increase cultural Sensitivity
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 13)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Formation (cont.)
 Impression management – how to
communicate to others the image of yourself
you want them to see
 Self-presentation
 Identity-management
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 14)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management:
Goals and Strategies
Impression management strategies
1. To be liked
 Immediacy – connects you to the other person
 Affinity seeking – techniques to get others to
like you
 Politeness – make ourselves appear likeable
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 15)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management (cont.)
Politeness and Face
Positive face – desire to be seen favorably or
positively by others
 Keep positive face – help someone look favorably
 Attack positive face – make someone look bad
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 16)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management (cont.)
Politeness and Face
Negative face – desire to be autonomous or free to
act as we wish
 Keep negative face – ask someone nicely to do
something
 Attack negative face – order or command someone to
do something
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 17)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management (cont.)
2. To be believed
 Credibility strategies
3. To excuse failure
 Self-handicapping strategies
4. To secure help
 Self-deprecating strategies
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 18)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management (cont.)
5. To hide faults
 Self-monitoring strategies
6. To be followed
 Influencing strategies
7. To confirm self image
 Image-confirming strategies
CH 3: Perception of Self and Others in Interpersonal Communication (slide 19)
Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Impression Management (cont.)
Download