Spring Trimester: Final Exam Review Packet “There is really nothing more to say—except why. But since why is difficult to handle, one must take refuge in how.” Mr. Morgan English 11 05/19/2013 Spring Trimester Final Exam The spring trimester final exam will test your understanding and analysis of The Bluest Eye and creative writing concepts covered in the spring trimester. Below you will find the different sections of the exam. The exam format: Multiple choice questions on The Bluest Eye- This section will mainly be concerned with basic questions of character and plot. If you have carefully read the book and followed along with us in class during discussion you should not have difficulty here. If you are someone (as I know some of you are) who has either struggled with comprehension of the novel or not made a significant enough effort to stay abreast with the reading and understand it, I suggest you seek me outside of class as soon as possible. Passage analysis The Bluest Eye- This section will ask you to both provide the context as well as significance and meaning for various passages directly from the book. These will be graded on a scale and the better that you can both connect them to themes and ideas expressed by the book the more points you will earn. Essay question on The Bluest Eye- See essay question. Vocabulary-(original sentences and matching of the definition Short story concepts application- you will be given a short story and be asked to apply your understanding of concepts discussed in class to an analysis of the short story. See below for concepts you will be responsible for. “Thieves In The Night” Lyrics—Blackstar "Thieves In The Night" [Talib Kweli] Yo Dee (What?) Come on (Yeah..) What? What? Come on (Yeah) "Give me the fortune, keep the fame," said my man Louis I agreed, know what he mean because we live the truest lie I asked him why we follow the law of the bluest eye He looked at me, he thought about it Was like, "I'm clueless, why?" The question was rhetorical, the answer is horrible Our morals are out of place and got our lives full of sorrow And so tomorrow comin' later than usual Waitin' on someone to pity us While we findin' beauty in the hideous They say money's the root of all evil but I can't tell You know what I mean, pesos, francs, yens, cowrie shells, dollar bills Or is it the mindstate that's ill? Creating crime rates to fill the new prisons they build Over money and religion there's more blood to spill The wounds of slaves in cotton fields that never heal What's the deal? A lot of cats who buy records are straight broke But my language universal they be recitin' my quotes While R&B singers hit bad notes, we rock the boat of thought, that my man Louis' statements just provoked Caught up, in conversations of our personal worth Brought up, through endangered species status on the planet Earth Survival tactics means, bustin' gats to prove you hard Your firearms are too short to box with God Without faith, all of that is illusionary Raise my son, no vindication of manhood necessary [M.D.] Not strong [T.K.] Only aggressive [M.D.] Not free [T.K.] We only licensed [M.D.] Not compassionate, only polite [T.K.] Now who the nicest? [M.D.] Not good but well behaved [T.K.] Chasin' after death so we can call ourselves brave? [M.D.] Still livin' like mental slaves [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [Mos Def] Yo, I'm sure that everybody out listenin' agree That everything you see ain't really how it be A lot of jokers out runnin' in place, chasin the style Be a lot goin' on beneath the empty smile Most cats in my area be lovin' the hysteria Synthesized surface conceals the interior America, land of opportunity, mirages and camouflages More than usually -- speakin' loudly, sayin' nothin' You confusin' me, you losin' me Your game is twisted, want me enlisted -- in your usary Foolishly, most men join the ranks cluelessly Buffoonishly accept the deception, believe the perception Reflection rarely seen across the surface of the lookin' glass Walkin' the street, wonderin' who they be lookin' past Lookin' gassed with them imported designer shades on Stars shine bright, but the light -- rarely stays on Same song, just remixed, different arrangement Put you on a yacht but they won't call it a slave ship Strangeness, you don't control this, you barely hold this Screamin' brand new, when they just sanitized the old shit Suppose it's, just another clever Jedi mind trick That they been runnin' across stars through all the time with I find it's distressin', there's never no in-between We either niggaz or Kings We either bitches or Queens The deadly ritual seems immersed, in the perverse Full of short attention spans, short tempers, and short skirts Long barrel automatics released in short bursts The length of black life is treated with short worth Get yours first, them other niggaz secondary That type of illin' that be fillin' up the cemetery This life is temporary but the soul is eternal Separate the real from the lie, let me learn you Not strong, only aggressive, cause the power ain't directed That's why, we are subjected to the will of the oppressive Not free, we only licensed Not live, we just excitin' Cause the captors.. own the masters.. to what we writin' Not compassionate, only polite, we well trained Our sincerity's rehearsed in stage, it's just a game Not good, but well behaved cause the ca-me-ra survey most of the things that we think, do, or say We chasin' after death just to call ourselves brave But everyday, next man meet with the grave I give a damn if any fan recall my legacy I'm tryin' to live life in the sight of God's memory Like that y'all [Mos Def] A lot of people don't understand the true criteria of things Can't just accept the appearance Have to get the true essence [Talib Kweli] They ain't lookin' around [M.D.] Not strong [T.K.] Only aggressive [M.D.] Not free [T.K.] We only licensed [M.D.] Not compassionate, only polite [T.K.] Now who the nicest? [M.D.] Not good but well behaved [T.K.] Chasin' after death so we can call ourselves brave? [M.D.] Still livin' like mental slaves [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [both] Hidin' like thieves in the night from life Illusions of oasis makin' you look twice [Mos Def (singing)] Stop hidin', stop hidin', stop hidin' yo' face Stop hidin', stop hidin', 'cause ain't no hidin' place The Bluest Eye Character Chart (Main Characters and Peripheral Characters) Directions: for each main character first provide basic background information (relation to other characters, where do they come from, age, background information or authorial description that you find relevant) for each of the characters. Then answer the following questions: How does this character understand self in relation to the community and society at large? How does this character interact or converse with the images and ideals of a dominant white society (conformity/ internalization, rejection, madness)? How do these ideals work within the character and how do they cause the character to change and/develop over the course of the novel? Claudia: Frieda: Pecola: Pauline: Cholly: Soaphead Church: Geraldine: Junior: Maureen Peel: Sammy Breedlove: Rosemary Villanuci: Mr. Henry: China/Poland/Miss Marie (Maginot line): The Fishers: Mr. Mactier and Mrs. Mactier: Mr. Yacabowski: Concepts Relevant to Interpretation and Understanding of The Bluest Eye Internalized racism- The internalization of condemning or racist attitudes towards one’s own ethnic group. Culture/society (various definitions discussed)- A system of shared and learned beliefs created by the members of a social system which act as guideline for behavior within that social system. Abstract concept as opposed to concrete. Immaterial as opposed to material. Where are there physical manifestations of society within the novel? Education- How is education a theme in the novel, tied in with culture and society? The Dick and Jane primer? Passage Analysis The Bluest Eye Directions: For the following passages from The Bluest Eye respond with a summary of the action, the characters involved, and an explanation or interpretation of the significance and meaning of the passage to the rest of the book. “Here is the house. It is green and white. It has a red door. It is very pretty. Here is the family. Mother, Father, Dick, and Jane live in the green-and-white house.” “You looked at them and wondered why they were so ugly; you looked closely and could not find the source. Then you realized it came from a conviction, their conviction. It was as though some all knowing master had given each a cloak of ugliness to wear, and they had accepted it without question.” “It was their contempt for their own blackness that gave the first insult its teeth. They seemed to have taken all of their smoothly cultivated ignorance, their exquisitely learned self-hatred, their elaborately designed hopelessness and sucked it all up into a fiery cone of scorn that had burned for ages in the hollows of their minds—cooled—and spilled over lips of outrage, consuming whatever was in its path. They danced a macabre ballet around the victim, whom, for their own sake, they were prepared to sacrifice to the flaming pit.” “Here they learn the rest of the lesson begun in those soft houses with porch swings and pots of bleeding heart: how to behave. The careful development of thrift, patience, high morals, and good manners. In short, how to get rid of the funkiness. The dreadful funkiness of passion, the funkiness of nature, the funkiness of the wide range of human emotions.” “Everything changed. It was hard to get to know folks up here, and I missed my people…Northern colored folk was different too. Dicty-like. No better than whites for meanness. They could make you feel just as no-count, cept I didn’t expect it from them.” “He wanted to break her neck—but tenderly. Guilt and impotence rose in a bilious duet. What could he do for her—ever? What give her? What say to her?” “And fantasy it was, for we were not strong, only aggressive; we were not free, merely licensed; we were not compassionate, we were polite; not good, but well-behaved. We courted death in order to call ourselves brave, and hid like thieves from life.” Short Story Concepts Plot arc: Conflict: What is the nature of the conflict?- Man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. God, man vs. nature, man vs. machine What do the characters want/desire? Drama= Desire+Danger Rising action/complications: The minor “battles” or events, actions, and moments that build to the climax. Climax: the final “battle” metaphorically speaking, or an epiphany. The moment, action, or event that signals a shift or change in the story to the resolution. Resolution: Significant and permanent change as a result of the climax. Remember the resolution does not have to be “good” or favorable to the character. It is not that the character gets what they wanted, but merely that something has changed in favor of or to the detriment of the characters involved. Characterization: 4 direct methods: character thought, character appearance, dialogue, action Point of View: Who speaks?: First person- the narrator as a character. Are they a peripheral narrator (telling someone else’s story and not a central character to the story, for example Claudia in The Bluest Eye) or are they a central narrator (telling their own story, for example Jackson Jackson in What You Pawn I Will Redeem). Third personOmniscient author: has total knowledge of the story and characters within the story. An omniscient narrator can objectively report the action of the story; go into the mind of any character; interpret for us character appearance, speech, action, and thought; move freely in space and time; provide general judgments, reflections or truths. To whom? To whom is the story written for? Most of the stories we have read were written to a general reader. Other examples include the self, or another character. In What Form? What format does the story take? Is it written as a general story? Or does the entire story take the format of a dialogue (for example the Brief Interviews With Hideous Men)? At what distance? To what degree do we feel either intimacy and identification with or detachment and alienation from the main character or characters? Why do you think you feel this way? How does the author create this effect either through point or presentation of character? Significant detail- specific, concrete, definite, particular details that appeal to one of the five senses. Significant details also convey and attitude or idea, or details that create an atmosphere or tone. For example the difference between the following details: The window sill is green. The window sill is shedding fungus green flakes. The former is concrete because it appeals to our sense of vision (we can see the green window sill). The latter is both concrete and significant because it is more specific, and expresses an attitude towards the window sill (one of revulsion, disgust, decay? The connotations of the word “fungus” and fact that is “shedding flakes” certainly communicates something to us as the reader). Other Terms Covered Symbol: Something that suggests or means more than its literal meaning within the story. It suggests more than what it is on the surface. It could be an object, person, situation, or action. Consider symbols we discussed in The Bluest Eye. Theme: Controlling idea or unifying insight into human nature. Should be central and recurring and can explain the greatest number of elements in the story as possible. Vocabulary Astute (adj.)- Shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom Avarice (n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth Egregious (adj.) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense). Evanescent (adj.) vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy Novice (n.) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience. Pretentious (adj.) done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably; making demands on one’s skill or abilities, ambitious Autonomy (n.)- Self- government, political control Blazon (v.)- to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely Flout (v.)- to mock, treat with contempt Scourge (v.)-to whip, punish severely; (n.) a cause of affliction or suffering a source of severe punishment or criticism Equitable (adj.)- fair, just, embodying principles of justice Amnesty (n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government, in general any act of forgiveness or absolution Enigmatic (adj.)- Puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood Mollify (v.)- To soften, make gentle, pacify; to calm, allay (as an emotion), assuage, appease, placate Requisite (adj.)- needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable Deference (n.)- courteous yielding to the wishes and ideas of another person; great respect marked by submission as to a superior Demeanor (n.)- the way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment, manner, etc.; facial appearance Impromptu (adj., adv.) without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done (n.) an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation The Bluest Eye Essay Question In 1903, black civil rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois wrote The Souls of Black Folk, a collection of essays on race relations in America. Read the following excerpt from the first chapter, entitled, “Of Our Spiritual Strivings.” After you have finished reading, write an essay in response to the prompt. “The negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world,--a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his twoness,--an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.” Discuss and explore the discourse (both implicit and explicit) that occurs between the characters in the novel and the society that they exist within. How does the idea of “double-consciousness” or “warring ideals” manifest itself and threaten the characters in the novel?