The Causes of WW1 •Militarism •Alliances •Imperialism •Nationalism Militarism 1. • belief that a country needs a large military to protect its interests. • Germany was competing with Great Britain to build battleships. Militarism 2. • Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies 1880 • • • • 1914 Germany 1.3m 5.0m France 730k 4.0m Russia 400k 1.2m U.S. 80k Alliances 1 (before WWI) • Triple Entente(1907)-Russia, France & GB • Triple Alliance(1882)-Germany, A-H, & Italy Alliances 2 (during WWI) • By 1914 all the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. • The alliances made it more likely that a war would start. • Once started, the alliances made it more likely to spread. Imperialism • All the great powers were competing for colonies / territory. • The British feared Germany in Africa. • The Austrians feared Serbia / Russia in the Balkans Nationalism • This was an age when all nations wanted to assert their power and independence. • In Europe Slavs, aided by Serbia and Russia, wanted to be free of Austrian rule. Serbia’s national flag Serbia’s Action • June 28, 1914 • Heir to Austrian throne Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo. • Capital of Bosnia, recently grabbed by Austria. • Hotbed of Slav nationalism Seal of the Black Hand group Serbia’s Action 2 • “Black Hand” terrorists attack the Arch Duke • Bomb attempt fails in morning • Gavrilo Princip shoots Archduke and wife in the afternoon. • Austrians blame Serbia for supporting terrorists. Austria’s Action • Austrians, supported by Germany, send Serbia a tough ultimatum. Demand Serbia apologize and make a large payment to A-H • Serbia agrees to all but two terms of the ultimatum. “Demands must be put to Serbia that would be wholly impossible for them to accept …” Russia’s Action (Big Brother) • Russian Czar , Nicholas II warns A-H not to invade Serbia • Russia mobilizes her troops to support Serbia Germany’s Action • Germany demands that Russia stands her armies down and not escalate the conflict by joining Serbia. • Russia refuses and Germany mobilizes • Germany declares war on Russia August 1 & France on August 3, 1914 British Action • Britain now forced to obligate her alliance (Triple Entente) and declares war against Central Powers Please Do Now!!! • On the next page in your notebook respond to the following in at least 5 lines. • If you were President of the United States how would you react to the events taking place in Europe? What type of foreign policy would you use?