Study Guide for Spring Test #1 Know the five primary goals of Progressivism 1) creating economic reform2) fostering efficiency3) protecting social welfare4) promoting moral improvement5) cleaning up government- (I added this one recently, so I will explain)…this would include the 17th amendment and the following reforms: *initiative- a bill originated by the people rather lawmakers *referendum- a vote on the initiative *recall- enabled voters to remove public officials from elected office by forcing them to stand for reelection before the end of their term Know the three basic philosophies shared by the various reform movements of Progressivism 1) anti-monopoly2) faith in knowledge3) social cohesionWhat problems were Progressives looking to address? What processes taking place at the end of the 19th century were these problems a result of? Why did Progressives ultimately look to the Presidency to enact changes? Theodore Roosevelt…youngest president, reputation as a wild man (more a result of the style of his early political career than the substance…he was actually fairly pragmatic), loved being president, and was loved by the people, avid outdoorsman, boxer, wrestler, built himself up from sickly beginnings by sheer force of will into an intellectual and an athlete. Why was Roosevelt the perfect President for the time? Know the details of Roosevelt’s “Square Deal” 1) regulation of big business2) consumer protection3) conservation of natural resourcesWhat is a muckraker? Who were the most well-known muckrakers of the time and what did they write about? What does the term “bully pulpit” mean? Who used the presidency as a “bully pulpit”? What was Roosevelt’s opinion on executive power? What was Roosevelt’s position on trusts? What are the differences between conservation and preservation? What did the Meat Inspection Act do? What did the Pure Food and Drug Act do? Who was Roosevelt’s handpicked successor? What are some of the reasons that Taft was unpopular by the end of his only term? Who were the candidates for the following parties in the election of 1912? 1) Democratic 2) Republican 3) Socialist 4) Progressive (“Bull-Moose”) What are the four reasons I gave that the election of 1912 was significant? 1) 2) 3) 4) Woodrow Wilson…a capable and forceful president who controlled the office and the country. But, he was reluctant to delegate, morally uncompromising, and could be very stubborn. When confronted with controversy Wilson displayed a selfrighteous morality that made it very difficult to compromise. What was Wilson’s “New Freedom” Know the details of Wilson’s domestic policies: 1) Clayton Antitrust Act 2) Federal Trade Commission 3) Underwood Simmons tariff 4) 16th amendment 5) Federal Reserve Act Know the Progressive Amendments 16th17th18th19thWhat was the primary goal of the NAACP? How did World War I effect the suffragist movement? What were some of the results of the introduction of the assembly line? What do you think the proper role of government should be? What do you think the proper relationship between business and government should be?