Poetry!!! - Effingham County Schools

Characteristics of Poetry
Sensory appeal is words, phrases, or images
that appeal to your senses.
Interpretation of poetry is to make sense, or
assign a meaning to the poem. Interpreting a
poem requires asking questions like “What does
this mean?”, “What message do you see?”,
“What is the author trying to convey?”
End stopped is when punctuation occurs at
the end of a line to stop a line of poetry; place
for a pause.
Figurative vs. literal meaningLiteral language refers to facts without any
exaggerations or alterations of the subject at
Figurative language states the facts with
comparisons to similar events and some
possible exaggerations; these comparisons and
exaggerations are known as figures of speech.
Example: Literal language is “The ground is dry.”
Figurative language is “The ground is thirsty and
Inference is the act or process of developing a
conclusion based solely on what one already knows.
Poetic form consists of the lines and stanzas that make
up a poem. It is the form of a poem that makes it
different than prose (ordinary writing).
Stanzas are units of a poem that are written or printed
as a paragraph; equivalent to a verse.
Lines make up the stanzas that make up a poem.
Imagery is descriptive language that evokes sensory
experience. Imagery creates word pictures for the
reader. These images are created by details of sight,
sound, taste, touch, smell or movement.
How does the poet use language and form to create and
emotional response from the reader?
Literary Elements:
Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming lines
in a poem or song. It is usually referred to by
using letters to indicate which lines rhyme. In
other words, it is the pattern of end rhymes or
Scansion is a system to mark the metrical
patterns of a line of poetry.
A foot is the smallest unit of rhythm in a line of
poetry. In English-language poetry, a foot is
typically one accented syllable combined with
one or two unaccented syllables. There are
many different types of feet.
Symbol is something such as an object, picture,
written word, sound, or particular mark that
represents something else by association,
resemblance, or convention.
Tone is the writer’s attitude towards his
audience or subject.
Repetition is the repeated use of the same
word or word pattern; used as a rhetorical
Meter is the rhythmical pattern of a poem. It is
determined by the number and types of
stresses, or beats, in each line.
A speaker is someone who expresses in
Couplet is a pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same
length or meter.
Mood is the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates
for the reader
Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
End rhyme the rhyming of words at the ends of lines of
poetry- could/would; boot/loot.
Approximate rhyme is words that come close to
rhyming without copying the exact sound patternsteer/stare, mud/could, and late/light
Internal rhyme is the rhyming of two or more words in
the same line, most often in the middle and at the end of
the line; "I am the daughter of Earth and Water
Rhythm is a pattern or beat of stressed and
unstressed syllables in a line of poetry