Early Renaissance

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EARLY RENAISSANCE
RENAISSANCE
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Compare and Contrast: St. Matthew the Evangelist from the Gospel book and
The Adoration of the Magi by Fra Angelico and Fra Fillip Lippi
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Cupola- rounded convex roof, dome of small size
• Tondo- round shaped painting (The Adoration of
the Magi)
• Foreshortening- method of applying
perspective to an object or figure so
that it seems to recede
making it appear 3d
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Compare and contrast Reims Cathedral to
Brunelleschi’s Cathedral of Florence.
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Renaissance- Rebirth of greatness
• Going back to Greek and Roman ideals
• Four Big Breakthroughs:
• Oil on stretched canvas
• Perspective
• Use of light and shadow/ Chiaroscuro(Light/dark)
• Pyramid configuration
EARLY RENAISSANCE
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Filippo Brunelleschi
Architect and sculptor
“Renaissance man”
Discovered scientific perspective- accurately showing
3d forms on paper
Initiated new style of building
Measured and studied Roman buildings and remains
1418- won competition to design dome over Florence
Cathedral
Designed system of hoists- elimnated scaffolding and
ramps
EARLY RENAISSANCE
EARLY RENAISSANCE
San
Lorenzo
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Lorenzo Ghiberti
• 1401 competition
EARLY RENAISSANCE
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Lorenzo Ghiberti
20+ yrs to finish
More commission- impressed
Used pictorial space and one-point perspective
Worked with light to create space- how?
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Ghiberti
Gate of
Paradise
1425-1452
Gilt Bronze
Relief
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Masaccio
Founder of early Renaissance painting
“Sloppy Tom”
First since Giotto to paint beings not as linear
column
• Studied Gentile de Fabriano and Giotto
• Used light to create depth
• Atmospheric perspective
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EARLY RENAISSANCE
Masaccio, Tribute Money, 1427, Fresco
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Donatello
Recaptured Classical sculpture
Contrapposto
David- first freestanding nude since Classical- lost
wax casting
• Symbolism- head of Goliath, Duke of Milan/ David,
Florence
• Decoration in Medici garden
• Brutal naturalism/ capable of movement
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EARLY RENAISSANCE
Donatello
Gattamelata
1445-1450
Bronze
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Donatello
David 1430-32
Bronze
Mary Magdalen
Bronze
EARLY RENAISSANCE
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Sandro Botticelli
Decorative linear style- Byzantine throwback
Rebirth of Classical mythology
Fine outline, smooth lines
Allegorical- Venus, water, Spring- Christ, baptism and
John
Rebirth of humanity
One of first on canvas, not wood panel
Addition of self portrait
Complex arrangement of figures
Pyramid configuration
Pope Sixtus IV commission- Sistine Chapel
Neoplatonism- reconcile Classical philosophies with
Christianity
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Botticelli, Birth of Venus, 1482, tempera on canvas
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Botticelli
The Adoration of
the Magi
1470’s early
Tempera on
panel
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Botticelli, Primavera, 1477-1482, Tempera
on canvas
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Stop and Research:
• Neoplatonism vs Humanism
• Why were Neoplatonists able to “read” Birth of
Venus so easily?
• What contemporary visual allegories can students
document and explain? What will viewers in the
future have to know to interpret these works?
(commercials, music videos, etc…)
EARLY RENAISSANCE
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Fra Angelico
Late Gothic painter Guido di Piero
Careful perspective
Frailty of people
Master landscape painter
Introduced tondo painting
depth of space
Foreshadowing of genre
EARLY RENAISSANCE
Fra
Angelico
The
Annunciat
ion
1440-1450
Fresco
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• Donatello brought interest in perspective, etc to
Venetian art
• 11 year stay in Padua
• Andrea Mantegna
• Dead Christ
• 1466
• Canvas
EARLY RENAISSANCE
• No Questions!
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