Engineers in the Building Sector

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MECH1010 – Engineer in Society
http://www.hku.hk/bse/mech1010/
Engineers in the Building Sector
Dr. Sam C M Hui
Department of Mechanical Engineering
The University of Hong Kong
E-mail: [email protected]
Mar 2008
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Three main routes in construction career:
• Graduate (degree)  our BEng graduates
• Technical (sub-degree/apprenticeship)
• Craft (apprenticeship)
• Common types of engineers
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Building Services Engineer
Civil Engineer
Electrical Engineer
Mechanical Engineer
Structural Engineer
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Typical job titles:
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Building services engineer/coordinator
Consulting/design/project engineer
Facility or building engineer
M/E (mechanical/electrical) engineer
Project manager
Sales engineer
• Web link: http://hk.careers.yahoo.com/
• Search for jobs in Building and Construction
Industry
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Employers:
• Private companies, such as
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Consulting and contracting firms
Construction companies
Equipment manufacturers and suppliers
Building developers and owners
Facility and property management companies
• Government departments
• Quasi-government bodies, such as power, utilities,
and transport companies
Can I work in the building sector?
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Skills required
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Organizational
Analytical
Technical
Problem solving
Communication (interpersonal)
Creative design
Drawing
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Main aspects of the work
• Understanding and using physics
• Using mathematics to solve technical or scientific
problems
• Learning about buildings, roads etc and how they
are built
• Analytical ability to understand and solve
challenging problems
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Related parties:
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Clients, developer, building owner
Architect
Builder (main contractor)
Interior designer
Quantity surveyor
Urban designers/planners
Sub-contractors
Suppliers
Organisation structure of building projects
Client/Employer
Architect
Building services
engineer
Structural engineer
Quantity surveyor
Supervision
sector
Clerk of work
Contractor
Site manager
Contract manager
Quantity surveyor
Site operatives
Domestic subcontractors
Nominated subcontractors/suppliers
Safety officer
Production
sector
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Teams: enable people to pool knowledge,
understanding, skills and responsibility
• Teams within a single organisation
• Teams formed by different bodies
• Teams in the construction industry: made up
of many different companies and people which
have competing needs and interests
• How to integrate their knowledge & skills?
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Features of teams in the construction industry
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Temporary
Knowledge and skill is fragmented
Constituent firms are in different locations
They have different cultures and priorities
Different people in the firms are involved at
different times
• Often these firms become involved in the project
at different times
How can I be successful in
the building sector?
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Five main issues to consider:
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Technology (科技) – technical knowhow
Codes (規範) – laws and regulations
Safety (安全) – proactive in safety management
Environment (環境) – environmental protection
Ethics (道德) – to act honestly and with integrity
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Technology (科技) – technical knowhow
• Suitable qualifications, such as
• BEng in an appropriate discipline
• Corporate membership of professional institutes, e.g.
HKIE, ASHRAE, CIBSE, IMechE, IEE or IET
• Working experience
• Actual project design & management (preferably with
some specialist skills)
• Upgrade yourself continuously (life-long learning)
• Acquire other skills e.g. management & finance
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Codes (規範) – laws and regulations
• Typical government legislative documents
• Building Ordinance (Laws of HK, CAP 123)
• Related regulations (e.g. electrical, fire, structural)
• Code of practice
• Industrial standards (e.g. British Standards)
• Rules from utilities companies, e.g. electricity &
towngas
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Safety (安全) – proactive in safety
management
• It is extremely important to prevent or minimise
accidents (on you or others)
• Occupational health and safety matters
• Basic safety training, such as Construction Safety
Green Card
Industrial accidents in the construction industry (Hong Kong)
What is the most important reason for the fatal accidents?
(Source: Labour Department, 2005. Accidents in the Construction Industry of Hong Kong (2000-2004))
Fatal industrial accidents resulted from “Fall of Person from Height”
in the construction industry (2000-2004)
(Source: Labour Department, 2005. Accidents in the Construction Industry of Hong Kong (2000-2004))
Breakdown of fatal industrial accidents resulted from
“Fall of Person from Height” in the construction industry (2000-2004)
(Source: Labour Department, 2005. Accidents in the Construction Industry of Hong Kong (2000-2004))
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Environment (環境) – environmental
protection
• Green construction and sustainable building
design (to reduce environmental impacts)
• Enhance the performance and quality of buildings
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Ethics (道德) – to act honestly and with
integrity
• Anti-corruption and prevention of bribery, e.g.
• Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)
• Abuse of official power for personal gain
• Consequences of corruption in the construction
field are severe
• Poor quality of construction would cause accidents and
endanger human life
• Reputation will be affected too
Some knowledge of building
design is useful for everybody.
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Buildings provide the environment and
facilities to support our living, working,
studying, etc.
• Purchase of a flat or house is probably the
most expensive single item for a person
• Building design can determine many of the
operation costs and environmental impacts of
a business or an organisation
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Challenges involved in designing and
constructing different types of buildings
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Understand the client’s requirements
Work within regulations and site constraints
Achieve tasks by budget and time
Be cost effective and environmentally sound
Care about building users and neighbourhoods
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Video presentation: Look and Learn:
Buildings (16 min.) [av 725 B93 VHS]
• Buildings designed for special purposes
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Supermarket
Fire station
Motorway service station
Football stadium
Police station
• Show how they meet the needs of a varied
assortment of people who use them
Engineers in the Building Sector
• Major design considerations
• Purpose, location, building materials, interior
arrangement, accessibility, parking, environment,
safety, comfort/convenience, storage, security,
access for handicapped, building space, and
provision for the staff
• Could you identify and analyse the key points
for the buildings that you live/work in or
visited before?
Homework Assignment
• Can be found on the course website
• http://www.hku.hk/bse/mech1010/assign.htm
• There are 5 questions for our topics
• Forms the in-course assessment
• Please submit your answer in MS Word or PDF
format to Dr. Sam Hui at email “[email protected]”
on or before Monday, 14 April 2008.
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