Human Body Systems Survey Use your textbook or other information provided in class, or information on class webpage to complete the following. Begin each system on a new page. You may do it on paper, or as a Word document or Powerpoint. Save your work to designated file on the R drive using a file name with the system(s) and your name (i.e., “CircResp Joe Smith”). – DO NOT SAVE TO LAB COMPUTER! Save a copy for yourself on a flash drive or Dropbox, etc. Circulatory System – (Due Monday) 1. Major functions of circulatory system: 2. Describe each of the components of blood - red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, & plasma and give the percentage of each in whole blood. 3. Make a diagram that shows: heart (show the L &R atria, L&R ventricles, tricuspid atrioventricular valve, bicuspid atrioventricular (mitral) valve, pulmonary semilunar valve, and aortic semilunar valve), arteries, veins, capillaries. 4. Describe/show the path blood travels through your body, beginning with the right ventricle and ending in the right atrium. Include structures from #3 plus: aorta, pulmonary arteries, venae cavae, and indicate where blood is oxygen rich or poor. 5. Give 2 examples of how the circulatory system works with other systems in the body. Respiratory System - (Due Monday) 1. Major functions of respiratory system: 2. Diagram the major parts - trachea, lungs, diaphragm, epiglottis, larynx - and list the function(s) of each. 3. Describe/show the branching structure of the lungs from trachea down to the alveoli, and explain the “breathing” process at the alveolar level. 4. Give 2 examples of how the respiratory system works with other systems in the body. Digestive System - (Due Tuesday) 1. Major functions of digestive system: 2. Diagram the major parts - mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, pancreas, and large intestine 3. List the function(s) of each structure in #2. 4. How does the body get energy and/or building materials from each of these foodstuffs: carbohydrates, fats, proteins. (How/where are they broken down and into what molecules/compounds that the body uses?) 5. Give 2 examples of how the digestive system works with other systems in the body. Urinary System - (Due Wednesday) 1. Major functions of urinary system: 2. Diagram the major parts - kidney, urinary bladder, ureter, urethra. (You may want to combine 2& 3) 3. Diagram the internal structure of a kidney: cortex, medulla, pyramids, calyx, pelvis, and ureter. 4. Diagram a nephron & show where they are located in a kidney. Include each of these structures and explain their role in producing urine: capillaries, glomerulus, Bowman’s capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, collecting ducts. 4. Give 2 examples of how the urinary system works with other systems in the body Reproductive System - (Due Wednesday) 1. Major function of reproductive system: 2. Diagram(s) that include major parts of both male and female systems – Male: testes, seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, prostate gland, urethra, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands, penis; Female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, infundibulum, fimbriae, cervix, vagina. 3. List the function(s) of each structure in #2, including any hormones or secretions produced. 4. List the functions of each hormone produced by the testes and ovaries. 5. Where does fertilization of the ovum occur? Where does a fertilized ovum implant? What happens to the uterus if the ovum is not fertilized?