Chap 9-Sect 3 student notes 2nd period

1.) Modern Presidency
2.) Trustbusting
3.) 1902 Coal Strike
4.) Railroad Regulation
5.) Regulating Foods and Drugs/Pure Food and
Drug Act
• 6.) Conservation and Natural
Resources/Conservation measures
Modern Presidency – 2nd pd.
• Roosevelt , youngest president ever at age 42
• Progressive president
• He saw presidency as a bully pulpit, influenced
the news media and shape legislation
• Square Deal – Roosevelt’s progressive reforms
Trustbusting – 1st pd.
1902 Coal Strike – 2nd pd.
• Penn. coal miners went on strike
• They demanded 20 percent raise, 9 hour
workday’s, and a right to form a union.
• Roosevelt tried to bargain with mine operators
and they refused.
• Roosevelt’s actions reflected progressive belief
that disputes could be settled in an orderly
way with the help of experts.
Railroad Regulation – 2nd pd.
• Roosevelt’s real goal was federal regulation
• Congress passed a act which denied/did not
allow wealthy rail road owners from fixing
high prices by dividing the business
• The Hepburn act of 1906 limits distribution of
free rail road passes, form of bribery
• Congress passed the Elkins act in 1903 which
made it not allowed for officials to give
rebates for using railroads
Food and Drug – 2nd pd.
• Roosevelt investigated the meat packing
industry – passed the Meat Inspection Act
• Food/Drug
– Advertising: claimed that some items cured cancer
and to growing hair
– Medicines contained opium, cocaine or alcohol
– Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act
(truth in labeling on products)
Conservation/Nat. Resources – 2nd pd.
• Government paid little attention to the
nations natural resources.
• Government did nothing when private
interests took wilderness.
• Roosevelt set aside tons of land for forest
reserve, water power, wild life sanctuaries and
national parks.