Topics • • • • • 1.) Modern Presidency 2.) Trustbusting 3.) 1902 Coal Strike 4.) Railroad Regulation 5.) Regulating Foods and Drugs/Pure Food and Drug Act • 6.) Conservation and Natural Resources/Conservation measures Modern Presidency – 2nd pd. • Roosevelt , youngest president ever at age 42 • Progressive president • He saw presidency as a bully pulpit, influenced the news media and shape legislation • Square Deal – Roosevelt’s progressive reforms Trustbusting – 1st pd. 1902 Coal Strike – 2nd pd. • Penn. coal miners went on strike • They demanded 20 percent raise, 9 hour workday’s, and a right to form a union. • Roosevelt tried to bargain with mine operators and they refused. • Roosevelt’s actions reflected progressive belief that disputes could be settled in an orderly way with the help of experts. Railroad Regulation – 2nd pd. • Roosevelt’s real goal was federal regulation • Congress passed a act which denied/did not allow wealthy rail road owners from fixing high prices by dividing the business • The Hepburn act of 1906 limits distribution of free rail road passes, form of bribery • Congress passed the Elkins act in 1903 which made it not allowed for officials to give rebates for using railroads Food and Drug – 2nd pd. • Roosevelt investigated the meat packing industry – passed the Meat Inspection Act • Food/Drug – Advertising: claimed that some items cured cancer and to growing hair – Medicines contained opium, cocaine or alcohol – Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act (truth in labeling on products) Conservation/Nat. Resources – 2nd pd. • Government paid little attention to the nations natural resources. • Government did nothing when private interests took wilderness. • Roosevelt set aside tons of land for forest reserve, water power, wild life sanctuaries and national parks.