Casey Aiello MLT Outline Chapter 7

Casey Aiello
MLT Outline Chapter 7-9
Group #1
September 24, 2008
Chapter 7: Early Western Music
Ancient Greek and Roman Times
“Western civilization”
o Broad concept consisting of culture that developed in ancient Greece
o Includes beliefs, laws, customs and arts
o Comes from the Greek word demos meaning “people”
Romans emphasized military music more than the Greeks did
The Middle Ages
Fall of Roman Empire in AD 476
o Western Civilization slipped into the “Dark Ages”
Monasteries dotted the countryside throughout Europe and England
o Preserved the writings and culture of ancient world
Music in the Middle Ages
Liturgy: a body of rites prescribed for worship
Mass: most important and frequent service
Gregorian Chant – single line of melody
Nonmetrical rhythm
Monophonic texture
Smooth contour
Modal scales
Church Latin
Sung only by monks and priests
Chapter 8: Medieval Music
Medieval Times
Period from 1100 to 1450
Also known as the Gothic Period
Organum: sung without actually being written down
As this idea of polyphony developed, the notes of Gregorian chant were made longer
Music in the Rest of Europe
Medieval motets were developed mainly in France
Avoided harsh dissonances
Secular Music
o 12th century dance in triple meter and a clear, fast tempo
Only a single line of music was written down and no instruments were specified
Features of Medieval Music
o Mostly chant like within a limited range
o No definite meter
o Monophonic and polyphonic
Dynamic levels
o Restrained and rather soft
o Phrase by phrase
o Organum
o Medieval motet
o Dance music
Chapter 9: Renaissance Music
The Renaissance Outlook
Certain intellectual viewpoints emerged that are still common in Western Civilization today
o Optimism
o Worldliness
o Hedonism
o Naturalism
o Individualism
Spirit of the time was optimism and discovery
Best epitomized by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Features and Types of Renaissance Music
Musically, the Renaissance started in the Netherlands
Many composers became so cosmopolitan that they thought of themselves as musicians firstly
The Renaissance Motet
Palestrina’s “Sicut cervus”
o Ecclesiastical Latin
 Portion of Psalm 42
o Polyphonic
o No strong feeling of a chord progression
o No strong meter or beat
o Sometimes accompanied by a few instruments
o Lines of melody are singable
o Restrained quality
The Madrigal
Madrigals are both similar to and different from motets
Vernacular languages
Strong and have more rhythm
Word painting
o Music attempts of depict the words being sung
Weelkes’s “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”
Tells about Vesta coming down a hill with her attendants while Oriana climbs the hill with her
sheppard attendants
Renaissance Instrumental Music
Devoted almost all efforts to vocal music
Instrumentalists simplified the written parts by reducing the polyphony to chords
Instruments used extensively for dance music
o Pavane
 A solemn dance
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