Ethics in Biology and Chemistry

Ethics in Biology and Chemistry
Shaun Taylor
Scientific Ethics
Responsible conduct of research (RCR) required by NSF, institutions
decides what this means for themselves
Research integrity, honesty, non plagiarism, conflict of interest
Norms of establishing first authors, attribution,
Management of Intellectual property, ownership of lab notebooks, data,
documenting discovery, patents and publishing, export control
Confidentiality, disclosure, reviewer ethics
Data sharing – collegiality
Academic ethics- teaching,
Basic training- Ethics Core CMDITR RCR modules
Situational ethics- What would you do?- Role playing, video simulations
Large-scale, societal, environmental, planetary issues
 Values and norms emerge through discipline or by
◦ Green chemistry movement- anticipate environmental impact
of production methods
◦ Cost versus safety in engineering
◦ Release of genetic modified, transgenic organisms
◦ Stem cells
◦ Social justice and environment
Unique to Biology
Humane treatment of animals
 Human subjects
◦privacy and security
◦inclusion of underrepresented groups,
◦Informed consent- protection of minors
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
 Medical Ethics
◦Access to, and rationing services
◦Best clinical practice (BCP)
Information Privacy and Security, HIPAA
 Biosafety and Biosecurity
 Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative CITI
 The Hastings Center
The power of role plays / scenarios
NIH supplements
American Chemical Society ACS
National Society of Professional Engineers- NCPE- Ethical Review