Chap: 33
The Politics of Boom and Bust 1920 - 1932
Name __________________
The Republican “Old Guard” Returns p. 753 – 754
1. How would you describe President Warren G. Harding?
2. Harding promised to bring the best minds to his cabinet. Describe the following men:
a. Charles Evans Hughes –
b. Andrew Mellon –
c. Herbert Hoover –
d. Albert B. Fall –
e. Harry M. Daugherty –
GOP Reaction at the Throttle p. 754 – 755
1. What did the new “Old Guard” immediately what to change as they were put into power by Harding?
2. Describe the following:
Adkins v Children’s Hospital (1923) –
What was the effect of this supreme court ruling?
The Aftermath of War p. 755 – 756
1. Describe the changes government made after the end of the war:
a. War Industries Board –
b. Merchant Marine –
c. Labor –
d. Veterans Bureau –
American Seeks Benefits Without Burdens p. 756 – 758
1. Since rejecting the Versailles Treaty, how did the U.S. end the war against Germany and AustriaHungary?
2. What was Harding’s stance toward disarmament? How did his stance shape international policies?
3. Describe the following:
a. 5 Power Treaty –
b. 9 Power Treaty –
c. 4 Power Treaty –
4. How did the international community try to “outlaw war”?
5. Why was the above pact “delusional”?
Hiking the Tariff Higher p. 758
1. Describe the Fordney-McCumber Tariff:
2. What was the effect of this tariff?
The Stench of Scandal p. 758 – 759
1. Describe the scandals that rocker Harding’s Presidency.
a. Charles Forbes & the Veterans Bureau –
b. Teapot Dome –
c. Attorney General Daugherty –
2. What brought Harding’s presidency to an abrupt end?
3. Describe Harding’s presidential legacy?
“Silent Cal” Coolidge p.759 – 760
1. Describe how Coolidge’s personality influenced his policies.
Frustrated Farmers p. 780 – 781
1. How did the end of the war affect farmers?
2. How Coolidge’s philosophy affect the farmers legislative attempts to help maintain their prosperity?
A Three-Way Race for the White House in 1924 p.761 – 762
1. Name the 3 candidates for the Presidency, their political party, and the platforms they ran on.
2. What was the result?
Foreign-Policy Flounderlings p. 762 – 763
1. Describe examples of how our policy of isolation continued.
2. Where did our policy of “isolationism” not apply? Why?
3. Describe the problem of international debts.
Unraveling the Debt Knot p. 763 – 764
1. Describe how the debt problem was finally resolved.
The Triumph of Herbert Hoover, 1928 p. 764 – 766
1. Who was the logical successor for Coolidge in the 1928 election? Why?
2. Who was the democrat candidate and why was he “doomed” from the outset?
3. What role did radio play in this election?
4. What was the significance of the Hoover victory and how it related to the Confederacy?
President Hoover’s First Moves p. 766 – 767
1. How did Hoover’s philosophy of “self help” respond to the call for help from the farmers?
2. Describe the Hawley-Smoot Tariff and its significance.
3. Whose hands did this tariff play into and why?
The Great Crash Ends the Golden Twenties p. 767 – 768
1. What was “black Tuesday”?
2. By the end of 1929, how much had stockholders lost? Why was this amount significant?
3. List the 5 effects of the stock market collapse? Describe each effect?
Hooked on the Horn of Plenty p. 769 – 770
1. List and describe 5 causes of the Great Depression.
Rugged Times for Rugged Individualism p. 770 – 771
1. What prevented Hoover from helping the people who were suffering the most?
2. Who did he help? What was the reasoning behind that assistance?
Herbert Hoover: Pioneer for the New Deal p. 772 – 773
1. Hoover finally responded. Describe the following responses:
a. Public Works –
b. Reconstruction Finance Corporation –
c. Norris-La guardia Anti-Injunction Act -
2. What role did politics play in this crisis?
Routing the Bonus Army in Washington p. 774
1. Who was the “bonus expeditionary force”?
2. How did Hoover deal with them?
Japanese Mititarists Attack China p. 774 – 775
1. What was the international response to Japan’s seizure of Manchuria?
2. What was the U.S. response?
3. In a broad sense, what was born in 1931? Why?
Hoover Pioneers the Good Neighbor Policy p. 775 776
1. How did Hoover change America’s image in Latin America?