EHS Information

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Information Series
Graduating –
Are You Ready for Work?
Presented By:
Catherine Drum, BASc(OHS), CRSP
Environmental Health & Safety Officer, CEHSM
04 October 2005
Ryerson University -- Wisdom Applied
04 Oct 05
www.ryerson.ca/cehsm
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CEHSM
Vice President:
Dr. Linda Grayson
 Assoc Director.:
Julia Lewis
 Staff:
Cate Drum, EHS Officer
Liz Krivonosov, CBR Officer
Margie Hutchinson, Admin
Located: 11th floor, Jorgenson Hall
 Website:www.ryerson.ca/cehsm

04 Oct 05
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Centre for Environmental
Health & Safety Management
Our focus is on developing, promoting
and implementing best practices
in prevention and risk management
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CEHSM

Services
Consulting
 Technical Assessments
 Auditing
 Investigations
 Training
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CEHSM Training
Available to You

OHS Orientation (CD ROM – Certificate)
www.ryerson.ca/cehsm/corecompetency/ehsorientation.html
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WHMIS (On-line – Certificate)
www.river.dmp.ryerson.ca/cehsm/whmisquiz/
04 Oct 05
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Objective
To help raise your awareness
about Health & Safety
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Why Health & Safety is important
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Workplaces can be dangerous places
Injuries happen in all kinds of workplaces
Every week in Ontario, workers are injured or
killed on the job
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Injury statistics

Every week, in Ontario:
5400 people were injured on the job
 2 people died from a work-related accident
 4 people died from a work-related disease

Over 49,000 young workers
got hurt or even worse last year
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Why workers get hurt
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No training
No experience
Do not know their legal rights
Afraid to ask questions
Trying to balance several responsibilities
Distracted
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Costs of injury or illness
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May miss a special event and family function
Hard to see someone you love in pain
Loss of productivity
Impact on co-workers, friends, family
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You have rights and responsibilities
for workplace health and safety
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When you start a new job, do you know what
your role is in the company health and safety
program?
Are you familiar with the types of hazards you
may encounter?
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Here’s the risk
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A significant number of workplace injuries
occur in the first few days of employment or
after a change in duties
Getting oriented when you start a new job with
a new employer or even with the same employer
helps you prevent being injured
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What is OHS orientation?
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Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) orientation
involves getting employees and others familiar with the
workplace’s health and safety program and the hazards
people may be exposed to
Orientation ensures that individuals are familiar with
the company’s expectations for health and safety, the
role that the individuals have in the health and safety
program and the hazards of the particular worksite
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Who needs to be orientated?

Circumstances vary from place to workplace, but
OHS orientation could be given to:
New hires, temporary, seasonal or full-time returning
employees
 Outside contractors
 Visitors and others
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Orientation may also be needed for employees
that are assigned new or unfamiliar work,
and/or equipment
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Who is responsible for orientation?
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The Occupational Health and Safety Act requires
employers and supervisors to train workers to know the
hazards in their workplace and the procedures for
doing the job
Beyond this legal requirement, many people have a role
to play in making sure that individuals are properly
prepared and entry into the workplace
Different people could be responsible for different
parts of an orientation program
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Who is responsible for orientation?

For example:
the Health and Safety coordinator might deliver the
overall orientation of the organization’s policies and
program
 a nurse might review accident reporting procedures
 a supervisor might outline specific safe work
procedures for a particular job or change in job/task
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What topics are usually covered
in OHS Orientation?
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Health and safety policies
Roles and responsibilities
Safe work procedures
Work refusal procedures
Accident/incident/hazard reporting
Specific hazard information
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What topics are usually covered
in OHS Orientation?
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Emergency procedures
Discipline policy
Personal protective equipment
Engineering and administrative control measures
The joint health and safety committee
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Here’s what you need to know
whenever you start a new job

The Law
there are health and safety laws that specify rights
and responsibilities for everyone in the workplace
 the law also has provision for setting up a joint
health and safety committee or choosing a health
and safety representative for your workplace

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Here’s what you need to know
whenever you start a new job

Hazards
every workplace has hazards
 there are different types and you need to be aware of
the ones in your workplace
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
Learn how to protect yourself
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there are a few key parts of your workplace’s health
and safety program you should know about that will
help protect you
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The Law

There are two sets of laws and regulations for health
and safety in Ontario:
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Canada Labour Code (CLC), Part II for workplaces under
federal jurisdiction
The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) for workplaces
under provincial jurisdiction
These laws and regulations outline the rights, roles and
responsibilities of workers, supervisors, employers and
other workplace parties
Most workplaces in Ontario are provincially regulated
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The Law
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Examples of workplaces under federal jurisdiction are:
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post office
airlines
airports
inter-provincial transportation
telephone
banks
If you are not sure if your workplace is under
provincial or federal jurisdiction, contact the Ministry
of Labour office (www.labour.gov.on.ca) or Human
Resource and Skills Development Canada
(www.hrsdc.gc.ca)
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Rights & Responsibilities

Worker Rights

You have the right to
Know about hazards in your workplace
 Participate in keeping the workplace healthy and safe
 Refuse unsafe work

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Rights & Responsibilities

Worker Responsibilities
Always practice safe work procedures
 Report unsafe conditions as quickly as possible to
your supervisor or employer
 Properly wear any protective equipment the job
requires
 Do not do anything on the job that will endanger
yourself or others

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Rights & Responsibilities
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Employers must
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Take every reasonable precaution to protect a worker’s health
and safety
Make sure necessary safety equipment is provided, used
properly and maintained
Inform workers and supervisors of any hazards and how to
handle them
Ensure that safe procedures are followed in the workplace
Provide information, instruction and competent supervision
to protect the health and safety of workers
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Rights & Responsibilities

Supervisors must
Take every reasonable precaution to protect a
worker’s health and safety
 Inform workers of job hazards and ensure they are
trained to do their jobs safely
 Ensure that workers work safely and use the
equipment and protective devices properly where
required

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When do you need a joint health
and safety committee?
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Under OHSA and the CLC, where there are 20
or more workers in your workplace, (including
management)
The OHSA requires a JHSC if there is a
designated substance in your workplace or on
construction projects that will last three or more
months and where there are 20 or more workers,
(including management)
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When is your workplace required health
and a health and safety representative?
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Under the OHSA, if there are six or more
workers in your workplace (including
management)
Under the CLC, if there are five or more
workers (including management)
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What does the health and safety
representative or the JHSC members do?
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Work to solve occupational health and safety
issues before someone is injured or made ill
Conduct regular inspections of the workplace
and report the findings to the committee
Make recommendations to management and
workers on how to make the workplace safer
Investigate serious accidents
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Hazards
A workplace hazard is any condition, practice,
behaviour, or a combination of these that can
cause injury or illness to a person or damage to
property
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Types of Hazards
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Biological
Chemical
Ergonomic
Physical
Psychosocial
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Hazards
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Biological
Blood and/or body fluids
 Insect bites
 Bird or animal droppings
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Chemical
Paints, acids and solvents
 vapours and fumes
 Flammable materials

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Hazards
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Ergonomic
Poor lighting
 Constant lifting
 Poor workstation design and chairs
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Physical
Unguarded machines
 Ladders / scaffolds
 Constant loud noises
 Long exposure to heat or cold
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Hazards
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Psychosocial
Stress from work
 Threat of violence at home or work
 Personality conflicts at home or work
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Hazard Control
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Hazards should be eliminated or at least
controlled to minimize exposure to risk
Here are a variety of ways to control hazards:
Substitution with a less hazardous material, process
or equipment
 Re-engineering equipment or a work process
 Installing physical barriers like machine guarding
 Personal protective equipment (PPE)
 Ventilation
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Learn how to protect yourself
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WHMIS
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WHMIS is the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information
System
This system was designed to make sure that workers across
Canada know how to safely handle chemicals
It is also the law.
Everyone in the workplace must receive WHMIS training that
relates to the workplace, including you.
WHMIS has three parts;
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Warning labels
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Worker Training
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Learn how to protect yourself

Personal protective equipment (PPE)
You are responsible for properly wearing any special
protective equipment that your job requires
 Using it will help protect you from injury and illness
 Be sure it fits right and meets approved standards
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Learn how to protect yourself

Here are some examples.
Hard hats to protect your head
 Hair nets to keep your hair from becoming caught in
machine parts
 Non-slip safety boots – look for CSA approval
 Gloves to protect your hands
 Hearing protection to block out dangerous levels of
noise
 Safety glasses or goggles to protect your eyes

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Learn how to protect yourself

Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Knowing the SOPs for equipment you use will help
you do your job properly and safely
 By following SOPs you will use your equipment the
way it was intended
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Learn how to protect yourself

Emergency Procedures
Every workplace should have emergency procedures
and plans
 Get to know the emergency procedures at your
workplace
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Learn how to protect yourself

First Aid
Regulation 1101 provides first aid requirements for
different workplaces covered by the Workplace Safety
and Insurance Act
 Canada Labour Code, Part II includes a first aid
regulation that applies to federally-regulated
workplaces
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Learn how to protect yourself

Reporting an injury
If you do get injured or feel ill, advise your
supervisor
 If you receive first aid, it should be recorded in the
company’s first aid record
 Your employer must report your injury within 3 days
to the WSIB if you

receive healthcare treatment,
 lose time from work, or
 lose wages
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H&S Orientation Checklist
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I received information on the hazards specific to my
job
I know my legal workplace health and safety rights
I know my legal roles and responsibilities and those of
my supervisor and I am committed to doing my part to
ensure my workplace is safe and healthy
I received and read the workplace health and safety
policy/program
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H&S Orientation Checklist
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My workplace has a joint health and safety committee
or a health and safety representative. I know who the
committee members are or who the representative is
I received training on how to do my job safely
I received training on the specific equipment and the
materials I use as well as the work processes in my
workplace
I will look out for hazards
I know how to report an unsafe condition or act
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H&S Orientation Checklist
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I work with a WHMIS controlled substance and
received WHMIS training
I know where to find the MSDSs and have or will
review them when handling a WHMIS controlled
substance
I received training on the personal protective
equipment I need to wear and how to use it properly
I received training on emergency procedures and know
where the exits and first aid stations are located
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