File - Jessica Hector Educational Leadership Portfolio

Each region had different natural resources. Each culture group used
Native Americans
the natural resources in its region to meet its needs.
were the people who first lived in
For this reason, Native American culture groups had different
America before people from other countries came here.
Those who lived near deserts used
Native Americans respected
They took care of the earth and only used what they
to make their homes. Many Native American
Natural resources are things in
people can
. They built their homes of
Those who lived in the artic used animal
Native Americans used
culture groups built their homes in
or cities.
Other culture groups, like the
Indians, were
 Native Americans lived in
They could not live in one place. They had to move around to follow
 The people in a culture group have the same
The physical surroundings of each region also affected how each
 A culture group is a group of people who live in the same
culture group got its
Native Americans in the
were very lucky. That region had
Native Americans lived in
different regions. Each
region had different physical surroundings. Some regions had
. Others were mostly
were on the
to make their homes. Still others lived
to meet their needs.
to build their homes. Those who lived on the Plains used
. Some
. Others in the
. Still others had
. These Native
for food.
, a nearby
, and good
Americans could
, and
Native Americans in the
were known as
in the
. There were
. Native Americans that lived in
this region used the clay to make beautiful
The Northwest Coast region had many
natural resources in this region. These Native Americans gathered
, and
. They
also dug up plant roots to eat for food.
Indians from the
The Native Americans in this region used wood from the forests to
the Pacific Ocean. There were many
the rivers for them to eat. They also
carve tall
. The carvings on
each totem pole were symbolic and told about a family’s history.
animals in nearby
There were many
were a natural resource in the
region. The
Native Americans who lived in this region were
was used for food. The
were used for shelters and clothing. The
to the music of drums.
They thought this would bring them good luck on the hunt.
Very few resources were available to
Native Americans in the California Inter-mountain region were expert
. They
land animals and sea animals in the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. Some
animals they hunted were
. The Plains Indians had special
before big hunts. They
were used for tools.
the Arctic, so they relied on
in the Plains region.
made beautiful baskets out of grasses and plants.
, seals, whales,
, musk oxen,
, and
. They also fished from
the summer and
Although the Inuit had few resources
were important to them. They were able to use
in the winter.
, and
to make beautiful works of art and ceremonial
The physical surroundings of the regions affected each culture group’s
way of life in other ways, too. There was much
, religious leaders, wore
and played
ceremonial dances and rituals to please the spirits who they believed
controlled the natural world of the Inuit.
Physical surroundings affected how the Indians traveled, too. All
Indians walked.
Plains and Southwest Indians got
explorers. Indians in the Eastern Woodlands,
Northwest Coast, Arctic, and California Intermountain regions used
or kayaks.
Let’s review. We know:
 Native Americans were the first
 Native Americans
 Native Americans used
 Native Americans lived in different
 Native Americans had different
 Native Americans got
different ways.
 Native American culture groups had different
due to their different physical
surroundings and natural resources.
Native American Tribes
Nez Pierce
Lived in the Artic Region in areas
of Northern Canada and Alaska. It
was rugged, icy, frozen tundra.
Cold all the time.
Lived in the Pacific Northwest Coast
of the U.S. On the coast of
Washington and Canada. It is
covered with forests and waters and
the climate is mild and rainy.
Wore lots of layers of fur and
animal skin from elk, bear, and
Lived in igloos made from snow
and ice and makeshift tents made
from animal bone and skin.
Used the bark from trees to make
clothing along with furs from
Made large plank houses from wood
Fished and ate ocean animals
when possible. Hunted artic game
like polar bear, seals, walrus, and
caribou. Gathered berries.
Fished and hunted forest animals
like deer and caribou. Gathered nuts
and berries.
Animals, fish, ocean, snow and ice
Way of
Difficult life in a harsh climate.
Nomadic to find food. Used their
resources to survive. Cold and
Harsh life.
Ivory carvings, weapons, and
Pacific Ocean, forests, animals,
lakes and streams, fish, plants
Were friendly, social people. They
danced and sang songs during their
many ceremonies and traditions.
Potlaches were their most important
tradition. Used their resources.
Made totem poles to tell a story of
their family.
Totem poles, masks, weaving and
Lived in the Northern area of the
Great Basin region. Parts of Idaho,
Washington, Oregon. The land is
covered with plateaus and valleys. It
is quite barren but also some forests.
Rocky Mountain area
Decorated deer skin dresses and
shirts. Moccasins from animal skin
and leather leggings for the men.
Made longhouses and round houses
from woven mats, wood poles, and
cedar chips. Dug into the ground a
few feet with the poles extending up
over the hut.
Hunted elk, deer, and buffalo.
gathered roots, berries, fruits, bulbs,
nuts, and fished for salmon. They
had more food choices than other
tribes in the Southern Great Basin.
Stone, rivers, forests, animals, plants,
roots, and grasses.
They were hunter gatherers. Warm
summers and cold winters. They
were crafty and decorative. Liked
fancy decorations. They had to use
their resources the best they could to
Animal spirits and the shaman was
the religious leader.
Animal spirits represented them.
Shaman were medicine men.
Arts and
or Beliefs
Basket weaving, beadwork, painting,
wood carving, quilting.
Animal spirits and natural spirits.
Shaman religious leaders.
Way of
Southwest region. Arizona
and New Mexico. Hot, dry,
little rain. Lots of desert and
Hot summers/cold
winters. Change of
seasons. Great Plains
region. Nebraska and
Kansas. Flat and grassy
Cool clothing. One shoulder Animal skin dresses and
dresses, cotton clothes,
leather leggings, men
breechcloths, men didn’t wear wore no shirts. Robes
shirts, Moccasins
from buffalo in the winter.
Moccasins and
Adobes called pueblos made
Earth lodges made from
from clay, mud, straw and
wood poles packed with
stone. Door was in the roof.
earth and soil. Teepees
made from animal skins
Farmers- Corn, beans, squash, Farmed crops of corn,
pumpkins. Gather nuts and
beans, and squash.
berries. Hunted deer when
Hunted buffalo, deer,
antelope, bear, and
Clay, stone, mud, plants,
Buffalo, animals,
crops, animals, cotton, soil
land/earth/soil. Horses,
crops, travois
Traveled with the travois
Farmers, Peaceful people.
behind dogs, nomadic hunters
Craftsman, women were
of buffalo, many traditions,
important and were land
dancing and song. Storytellers,
animals were important. Life
Southwest region in Florida.
Everglades area. Swampy,
lakes, and rivers. Hot and
Humid. Forced to Oklahoma in
Eastern Woodlands in the
Northeastern U.S. New York
state. Change of the seasons.
Hot summers and cold winters.
Mountains, forests, lakes, rivers
and ocean.
Animal skin breechcloths and
leggings. Wrap around skirts
and long dresses. Moccasins.
Animal skin and plant
materials to make breechcloths
and dresses. Men wore no
Chickees made from wood
frames with thatch roof of
palmetto leaves and open
sides. 3 ft off the ground.
Gathered nuts, berries, and
roots. Farm corn, beans,
squash, and banana. Hunted
deer, turkey, and alligator
Longhouses 150 feet long made
of wood and bark. Several
families lived in the small rooms
Hunted deer, elk, bear and
fished. Farmed corn, beans, and
Rivers, lakes, plants, forests,
crops, soil, water, and animals
Forests, animals, fertile soil,
plants, crops, ocean, lakes,
Music and dancing. Tools and
weapons. 5 nations made the
Iroquois to bring peace after
constant war. Women were
important and powerful.
wampum belts, tribal masks,
beadwork, dolls, jewelry, canoes
farmers, warriors, used their
environment, told legends and
stories. Song and dance
depended on the changing
Arts and
painting, weaving, jewelry,
pottery, and carving
pottery, basket weaving,
painting, instruments
beadwork, wood carving,
jewelry, quilts, basket
weaving, masks
or Beliefs
Kivas, spiritual place.
Kachina doll used to do ritual
dances. Believed in one
natural spirits. Many
gods. rituals and dances to
the gods. Sun dance
Animal and natural spirits.
Many festivals. Some
converted to Christianity
because of the white people.
Natural spirits and one creator of
the spirits. 6 festivals a year and
rituals with dancing.