Coalition for Adolescent Girls Quarterly Webinar Tuesday, April 7, 2015 Agenda • • • • Welcome and Introductions General CAG Updates CAG Member Updates Learning Session: Integrating Adolescent Girls into Multi-Sectoral Programs Presentation by Amy Spindler, Adolescent Girl and Youth Advisor, and Allison Shean, Gender and Resilience Research Officer, of Mercy Corps • Presentation Q&A • Conclusions General CAG Updates Technical Consultation on Adolescent Girl Engagement • Held an external stakeholder Technical Consultation on Adolescent Girl Engagement on March 6, 2015 in NYC • Co-sponsored by the Permanent Missions of Canada, Peru, and Zambia, USAID, and the Working Group on Girls Technical Consultation on Adolescent Girl Engagement • Fifty-two participants, eighteen of whom were adolescent girls and young women, attended the daylong consultation • Participants discussed and generated promising practices, indicators, and tools regarding girl engagement • Next step is to use the learning from the consultations and e-forums to create an Adolescent Girl Engagement Tool New Working Groups • CAG Working Groups (WGs) are now taskfocused and time-bound • Each WG will have a manager and work off of a clear mandate and timeline • Four new working groups will focus on, – Adolescent Girl Engagement Tool – CAG Adolescent Girl Engagement Strategy – CAG Framework and Topical Briefs – USG Adolescent Girls Strategy New Working Groups, cont… • Adolescent Girl Engagement Tool – Will complete the girl engagement tool and plan its launch – Non-CAG members will also be asked to participate – Set to begin mid-April and end in late October • CAG Adolescent Girl Engagement Strategy – Will formulate a strategy for how the CAG can engage adolescent girls in future activities and operations – Set to begin mid-April and end in mid-June New Working Groups cont… • CAG Framework and Topical Briefs – Will complete the CAG framework and accompanying one-page topical briefs on health, safety, empowerment, and human rights – Set to begin in late April and end in late August • USG Adolescent Girls Strategy – Will plan and execute the CAG’s participation in the formation and launch of the USG’s adolescent girl strategy – Timeframe is currently unknown New Working Groups, cont… If you are interested in leading or participating in one of the working groups, please contact Sacha at email@example.com as soon as possible. CAG Member Updates Member Updates At this point we would love to hear from members about their current projects, recent publications, upcoming events, or any other news they wish to share. Learning Session Integrating Girls into Multi-Sectoral Programs Amy Spindler, Adolescent Girl and Youth Advisor Allison Shean, Gender and Resilience Research Officer Saving and improving lives in the world’s toughest places. Case Study: Sawki in Niger Goal: To reduce insecurity and malnutrition among vulnerable rural populations in Niger. How many of you support programming that: Specifically targets only adolescent girls. Integrates girls into a larger program. Food security and/or agriculture Economic development and/or livelihoods Conflict management and/or emergency response Health WASH Starting with data to identify the most vulnerable Niger tops the charts in child marriage by age 15 School enrollment in Niger When to intervene? EARLY enough to keep girls in school and build their health, social, and economic assets Percent of Guatemalan girls ages 10–19, by outcome In school Married as a child Has child Source: Hallman, K., S. Peracca, J. Catino, M.J. Ruiz. 2005. “Causes of low school achievement and early transition to adulthood in Guatemala.” New York: Population Council. % of girls 10-14 not in school and not living with either parent in Niger Highest rates reaching 16.5% in the Zinder region Estimated number of girls at the national level is 140,867 What are the take-aways? Adolescent girls’ bodies not ready for childbirth First birth is a high risk birth Very low rates of school attendance for girls Poor health outcomes for children born from adolescent moms First sex largely occurs within marriage School enrollment for rural girls drops off at age 12/13 Very high rates of child marriage Adolescent girls emerge as a must-have target group in order to make the greatest impact on their future children’s nutrition and survival Translating the data into program design SO1: Reduce chronic malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women and children under five with an emphasis on children under 2 Pre-set IR1.1: Pregnant women, mothers and caretakers adopt appropriate nutrition practices during their children’s first 1,000 days IR1.2: Health centers and other community staff promote and respond efficiently and appropriately to community demand for counseling and care IR1.3: Adolescents adopt appropriate nutrition practices and healthy timing of first pregnancy MC created IR1.3: Adolescent girls adopt appropriate nutrition practices and healthy timing of first pregnancy Target Segment Activities Gatekeepers Purpose Girls ages 1014, unmarried, out of school girls Safe spaces for girls Parents, Community and religious leaders Build their social capital, nutritional practices, inform girls of the risks of child marriage/early birth Girls ages 1519, married out of school girls Safe spaces for girls Husbands, Mother-inlaws Build their social capital, discuss contraceptives, negotiation, healthy birth spacing and healthy infant feeding practices, VSLA and functional literacy. Married young couples Leader mothers model behavior and support contraception messages Spouse, leader mothers Delaying first birth; information on healthy child spacing. MoH Ensure the GoN provides constant contraceptive supply Ensure health centers are able to keep up with potential new demand for contraceptives based on education and couples counseling. Gatekeepers: How did we OPEN the door? Village Chiefs Community Meetings Individual follow-up with skeptics Meeting with girls Meet mentors Organize girls into safe spaces What is the reality on the ground? • 2,859 girls participate weekly in safe spaces. • 115 safe spaces in 56 communities. • 170 mentors in place. • “Husband Schools” in partnership with the safe spaces. • Girls adopting healthy practices (e.g., exclusive breastfeeding). • Communities changing mindset about early marriage. • Better understanding of the consequences of early marriage. • Girls see the value of education and alternative pathways for their life. • Girls have savings through VSLAs. • Mentors have gained status in society; girls have advocates. • Girls have forged friendships and new support networks. • Girls have improved decision-making in the home. The challenges • Finding appropriate time and space. • Husbands originally prohibited girls participation. • Field agents are primarily male. • Families want to see tangible benefits. • Dependence on Gender Advisor as “owner” of safe spaces. • Mentors need structure and support. • Objectives in the proposal do not always translate into actual programming, nor does it mean the team has knowledge on how to implement. RISING Research Building the evidence base for best practices in girl-centered programs to ensure that they effectively and efficiently improve the lives of girls around the world. How many of you: Are involved with research the examines the impact of programming on adolescent girls? Are interested in tools that help determine program impact on adolescent girls? Key research questions • Does content covered in Sawki’s safe spaces lead to improved health, nutrition and food security outcomes for girls? • Do we see any additional improvements to outcomes when safe space programming is coupled with livelihood support? Outcomes of interest • Health and nutrition knowledge and behavior – Reproductive health • Confidence and aspirations • Social capital and access to safety nets • Income generation and earning ability • Status and decisionmaking ability Research design • Mixed-methods approach • Quantitative study conducted in 18 Sawki communities – Girl Survey – Household Survey • Qualitative research with girls, mentors, and gatekeepers • Opportunity for Randomized Control Trial Early 2015 Survey Comparison Group Treatment Group I – Safe Space Only Treatment Group II – Safe Space plus Livelihood Training No ongoing programming Programming began June 2014 Programming began June 2013 500 girls Heads of HH 6 Sawki Communities 250 girls Heads of HH 6 Sawki Communities 250 girls Heads of HH 6 Sawki Communties RANDOM LOTTERY SELECTION WITH COMPARISON GROUP April 2015 Control Treatment 250 girls do not receive program 250 girls receive program Mid-2016 Survey 250 girls Heads of HH 250 girls Heads of HH Qualitative Research • • • 250 girls Heads of HH FGDs with adolescent girls FGDs with gatekeepers – husbands, parents, etc. FGDs/KIIs with safe space mentors 250 girls Heads of HH Quantitative tools Adolescent Girl Survey 10 modules • HH Assets and Access • Health and Nutrition – Includes Dietary Diversity • • • • • Confidence and Aspirations Time Use Social Capital and Safety Nets Coping Strategies Income Sources and Economic Well-Being • Financial Literacy • Reproductive Health • Decision-making and Influence Head of HH Survey 6 modules • Program Exposure • Progress Out of Poverty • Shocks and Recovery • Food Consumption and Insecurity – Household Hunger Scale – Coping Strategies Index • Status of Girls • HH Decision-making Next steps • • • • • • Data analysis – spring 2015 RCT begins – spring 2015 Report on initial findings – summer/fall 2015 Follow-up surveys – spring 2016 Qualitative data collection – spring 2016 Final report – summer/fall 2016 Thank you! Questions? Conclusions Conclusions • A big thank you to all our participants and our wonderful presenters, Amy Spindler and Allison Shean! • If you would like more information about CAGrelated activities or the working groups, please contact Sacha at firstname.lastname@example.org. • If you would like more information about the learning session, please contact Amy at email@example.com.