UNIT 15 SPORTS AND SCENIC SPORTS IN AMERICA By （sports） （scenic sports） FOCAL POINTS Sports: The American Football Baseball Jackie Robinson The World Series Basketball James Naismith NBA Michael Jordan Scenic spots: The Grand Canyon Yellowstone National Park Disneyland The National Monument The Everglades Niagara Falls Hawaii Alaska SPORTS Watching or attending sports events is an important part of the lives of many Americans. What are some of these sports and how do they affect the lives of the people? Main sports: ﹒Football ﹒Baseball ﹒Basketball ﹒Other Sports Activities FOOTBALL Tailgate party Three parts of football match—preseason, regular season and post-season or play off time. Super Bowl and two conferences are AFC and NFC. Professional sports in America are entertainment, especially football. The advent of color television increased people’s interest in professional football. Colleges and universities have football teams. The reason why football is so popular in America. Ball carriers and effective defensive players often become famous. TAILGATE PARTY In the United States, a tailgate party is a social event held on and around the open tailgate of a vehicle. When the car was parked in a lot, the tailgate was lowered and food and drinks were placed on it. Tailgating often involves consuming beverages and grilling food. TAILGATE PARTY PARTS OF FOOTBALL MATCH American professional football is played during the late summer(preseason ), the fall ( regular season), and the winter until late in January (post-season, or play off time). All this culminates in the Super Bowl to decide the champion team for the year. There are now twenty-four teams divided into two conference, the American Football Conference(AFC) and the National Football Conference(NFC). WHY POPULAR? One reason football is so popular in America may be that game combines teamwork with individual prowess in a rough, contact competition. The football hero is a ball carrier who can evade the defensive team, all of whom are trying to stop him. Similarly, an effective defensive player, who is able to move through the protection and stop the ball carrier, will often become famous. BASEBALL The popularity of baseball in America Earlier, baseball parks were located near the urban centers and were small compared to football fields. Before World War Ⅱ, three leagues: the older National League, the American League and the Negro League. After World War Ⅱ, the color barrier was demolished and the superb athlete was started to be hired slowly. The baseball season. THE BASEBALL SEASON The baseball season begins with Spring Training in February . The regular season begins at the beginning of April, and ends in October. The World Series between the leading teams in their respective leagues takes place in the latter part of October, when it is frequently uncomfortably cold for the players. BASKETBALL The origin of basketball The new rules of basketball game in recent times Basketball is a fast game The National Basketball Association(NBA)of professional teams was established in 1949. The different games of basketball The great basketball player ——Michael Jordan NBA is becoming more and more popular in the world ORIGIN OF BASKETBALL Basketball was deliberately created in 1891 by a physical education teacher in Massachusetts, Canadian-born James Naismith, to provide an indoor sports activity during the snowy winter months when outdoor playing fields could not be used. NEW RULES A new rule requires a team to try to score within a brief time: 35 seconds in the collegiate game, 30seconds in international play, and 24 seconds in American professional play. Teams that are leading in scoring no longer have the luxury of passing the ball around safely out of reach of the defensive team; they must shoot at the basket before the shot clock runs down. A FAST GAME Basketball is a fast game, which does not permit leisurely snacking. Because it is such a fast game, the score can suddenly shift, and many games are won or lost in the final few seconds of play. This keeps spectators at the game until the very end, whereas in football and baseball many fans leave before the game is over when one team is so far ahead that the outcome seems certain. WHY PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL BEGINS TO HAVE MUCH AUDIENCE? In 1979 two college players, Larry Bird of Indiana State University and Magic Johnson of Michigan State University motivated an increased interest in the game through their friendly rivalry. Bird subsequently joined the Boston Celtics, and Johnson the Los Angeles Lakers. DIFFERENT GAMES OF BASKETBALL In mid-February, there is an intermission for the All-Star game. In mid-April, the eight teams with the best records in each division begin a series of play-off games, where the winner of four out of seven games in a series advances to meet the winners of another play-off series. The survivors in each division meet for the NBA Championship series of games. MICHAEL JORDAN Jordan joined the NBA’s Chicago Bulls in 1984. He quickly emerged as a league star, entertaining crows with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability earned him the nicknames—Air Jordan. He led the Bulls to six NBA championships from 1991 to 1998. OTHER SPORTS ACTIVITIES: Ice-hockey Track and field Court games Other field games Professional wrestling and boxing Ice-hockey, first played in Canada and states bordering that country. Track and field-- races of all sorts: horses, dogs, automobiles, and bicycles. Court games: tennis, racket ball and volleyball. Other field games: field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, golf and bowling Professional wrestling and boxing are a kind of entertainment business.