Implementing the Global Framework for Climate Services in Canada: A National Effort to Assess Capacity World Weather Open Science Conference Palais des Congrès, Montréal Jamie Smith, email@example.com Meteorological Service of Canada August 19th 2014 Presentation Outline • • • • • Introduction Methodology Initial Results of the Assessment Conclusions and Next Steps Q&As Definitions: Climate Services and Adaptation Climate Services refers to: – The timely production and delivery of useful climate data, information and knowledge to decision makers through effective engagement and follow-through. Climate Adaptation refers to: – Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Canada’s Climate Service Challenge …A large country with a modest tax-base • Meteorological-related • • • • hazards account for vast majority of economic and social losses Vast area of responsibility means a significant challenge to be an effective Service Country of significant weather & climate extremes Little infrastructure North of 60 Shared responsibility Impacts of a changing climate are already evident • The climate is changing and will continue to change for decades to come – • regardless of greenhouse gas reductions Climate has changed and will continue to change Impact of permafrost degradation on infrastructure Reduced ice cover affecting economic development and traditional ways of life Reduced reliability of ice roads to access remote mine sites and northern communities Increased pest (pine beetle) and fire activity Reduced glacier cover affecting western water and hydro resources Increased frequency of drought affecting forests, agriculture Lower Great Lake water levels affecting shipping, hydro, recreation Changing animal distributions affecting country food supply Sea level rise and increased coastal erosion affecting infrastructure Health issues due to heat stress and vector-borne diseases Initial Stakeholder: Scoping Exercise Key Challenges • Gaps Exist for both Current and Future Water and Climate Information • Barriers Exist that limit Users’ Access to Water and Climate Information • Barriers Exist that limit Users’ Understanding of Water and Climate Information Recommended actions at a National Level to Improve the Use of Water and Climate Information for Adaptation • Undertake a more fulsome assessment of future data needs and availability of data • • • • and services (mapping) Investigate the potential for a “single” window access point/portal for Canadian water (both quantity and quality) and climate information Inventory of existing tools, access and services, methods and approaches for using the water and climate information. Development of stronger documentation for climate and water products Examine training opportunities and needs (e.g. using climate scenario data). Rationale/Method • Canadians’ demands for more comprehensive and accessible services are increasing. • Federal government is only one of many climate services providers and users; understanding the state of climate services in Canada requires a collective look at services across the country. • Conduct an exercise to map existing climate services at the national level • Results will be useful to understand what and how climate information is currently delivered in Canada in order to: – – – • Articulate gaps in services better align our efforts and to eventually build a more efficient and coordinated service in Canada clearly articulate roles and responsibilities and work through partnerships to optimize the services. Use the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) to define the water and climate services categories used for the exercise Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) • Enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change and adaptation to climate change Observations and Monitoring Original – EC network Preliminary mapping results Observations and Monitoring: Highlights • There are gaps in the current monitoring system; however a full assessment of what is available is not yet complete; Federal government is investing in new capacity that is based upon assessment (Network Design) • There are opportunities to consolidate monitoring information in Canada: – – – – Several federal organizations are critical to observations and monitoring, and could be consolidated (FGP-Federal Geospatial Platform) Several provinces and volunteer networks are contributing significantly, and consolidation/Merging data sets would be beneficial (Networks of Networks) Some private companies are also potential partners (e.g. WeatherFarm has over 1000 stations, providing considerable support for Agriculture in the West.) Universities are making modest contributions in terms of coverage but essential for innovation • Different user needs with varying data standards are used in • Canada for diverse applications and purposes, and need to be considered in the development of monitoring and dissemination of data Gridded datasets, satellite, and models can offer an alternative to station based data Research, Modeling and Prediction LEGEND National scope The Canadian Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Change Réseau canadien en modélisation et diagnostics du climat régional The Canadian Network for Regional Climate and Weather Processes International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) Regional Climate Consortia Research Collaboratives Consultants The North / Cold Regions ArcticNet Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution Network Northern Climate Change Network Changing Cold Regions Network (CCRN) Hydro, Mining, Smelting, Power, Forestry, Telecom, and Agricultural interests. PCIC PICS Private Companies Academic Institutions Federal Organizations The Community Collaborative Rain Hail and Snow Network Federal ----PARC, PRAC---Environment Canada Fisheries & Oceans OCCIAR, Natural Resources OCC OURANOS Canadian Space Agency Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Health Canada Public Health Agency of Canada Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Other Relevant Organizations AMEC Supercomputer Research, Modeling and Prediction: Highlights • • • • There is a growing demand for climate model and prediction products at all timescales (past, present and future) Federal organizations, regional climate consortia, and academia (including research collaboratives) are key to the participants - Provinces/territories are less implicated. There is a growing role for private consultants, particularly where climate consortia are not established, and the resource development industry (oil, gas, electricity) are also making significant contributions. Defined suite of climate modelling products that best meet the broad range of user needs is required National information inventory on climate research activities (institutions/groups, research areas/projects, climate research funding mechanisms, and opportunities for collaboration) would facilitate research 4 3 2 1 °C • 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 Year 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Climate Services Information System • Principal mechanism through which information about climate (past, present and future) is routinely collected, stored and processed to generate products and services that inform decision-making processes • Climate Service Providers – Federal, provincial, consortia, and private sector • Climate Data Access Portals – – – – – – – – – EC National Climate Archive – official (legal) climate data record for Canada (http://climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca/prods_servs/index_e.html) EC Adjusted and Homogenized Canadian Climate Data (AHCCD) –understanding climate change and long-term impacts (www.ec.gc.ca/dccha-ahccd) EC: global and regional climate projections –global and regional climate models (http://www.cccma.ec.gc.ca/data/data.shtml) EC Canadian Climate Change Scenarios – (http://www.cccsn.ec.gc.ca/?page=main&lang=en) EC Hydrometric Archive - water levels, streamflows data (www.wateroffice.gc.ca) Canada's Water InfoStream (Prov/Terr/Fed) Water and Climate Adaptation Portal (TRCA) PCIC's Tools and Data Yukon Water, a compilation of water-related data for Yukon Climate Services Information System: Highlights • Significant depth to climate information; however, the • • • • • provision in Canada is largely organized by producer, not user, and is therefore highly fragmented. There are a multitude of access points to climate information with few linkages among them, making retrieval and application of comprehensive information very difficult. There are no national standards for climate data collection, and format, and no accreditation for climate service providers. Barriers Exist that limit Users’ Access to Water and Climate Information Barriers Exist that limit Users’ Understanding of Water and Climate Information Climate Portal Prototype: Federal Pilot User Interface Platform • User interface platform is not necessarily an IT platform, can be face-to-face and bidirectional flow of information is critical component. • Engagement - A number of direct user-producer relationships are well established: – – – – – – – – Adaptation Platform FPT Adaptation Policy Committee Regional Outlook Forums ArcticNet Region Bulletins (Great Lakes, Maritimes, Arctic?) Federal-led workshops, meetings and events Consortia-led meetings and events Conferences User Interface Platform: Highlights • User Interface is about building relationships among producers, providers, and users of climate • National engagement on climate adaptation, including climate services, is increasing thanks to new forums • Natural Resources Canada, Environment Canada and ArcticNet continue to provide leadership and resources to promote user-consideration of adaptation. • There are many climate information providers; finding ways to promote consistent messaging will be important. • Credibility is fundamental to climate service provision and can be mutually developed through clearly defined roles, and transparent and effective communication of accurate, actionable information Capacity Development • Capability to manage climate risk effectively: – • governance, management, human resources development, education and training, leadership, partnership creation, science communication, service delivery, resource mobilization and infrastructure. Domestic capacity is building… – – – – Evidence of capacity building in all pillars of the GFCS as noted from the analysis Evidence of increasing collaboration and communication among stakeholders (Adaptation Platform, others) Federal efforts with Adaptation Policy, outlook forums and bulletins, departmental climate risk assessments underway, and establishment formal agreements with partners for climate services Climate consortia and private sector strengthening capacity Conclusions • We are entering uncharted territory… Consequences of future climate change on Canada and globally are a significant cause for concern. Canadians’ demands for more comprehensive and accessible services are increasing. Canadians do not currently receive equitable levels of service, notably in rural and marine Canada and in the North. • Federal government is only one of many climate services providers and users; understanding the state of climate services in Canada requires a collective look at services across the country. • The Assessment to date has highlighted a number of strengths, weakness and opportunities for improving climate services in Canada, however we are well positioned to move forward: Identifying gaps in service and areas where services can be optimized by reducing duplication. Creating a common understanding of water and climate services that will form the basis of improved coordination, and may facilitate enhanced governance. Identifying opportunities for improved sharing of climate information and products, such as data from distinct observation networks currently not shared among providers. A very big thank you to all the contributors From EC: Sharon Ribero, Grace Koshida, Olivier Gagnon, Giselle Bramwell, Sharon Stone, Marjorie Shepherd, Chris Doyle, Rick Fleetwood, Chantale Cote, Louise Bussieres. Atlantic Provinces: Adam Fenech, UPEI Climate William Green, Nova Scotia Environment Quebec Alain Bourque et Diane Chaumont, Ouranos Prairies Provinces David Sauchyn, Prairie Adaptation Research Collaborative Bob Savage, Alberta Government Virginia Wittrock, Saskatchewan Research Council British Columbia Francis Zwiers, Director, Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium Ontario Allan Douglas, Ontario Centre for Climate Impacts and Adaptation Resources Yukon, NWT and Nunavut Colleen Healey, Nunavut Government Lacia Kinnear, Yukon College Brian Sieben, NWT Government Page 17 – January 22, 2011 Thank You To provide input to the National Climate Services Summary Please contact : Jamie Smith (firstname.lastname@example.org) Or Grace Koshida (email@example.com) QUESTIONS?