Staffing & Manpower Planning Meaning : Staffing means appointing competent persons according to the importance of the post in the organization. It means that more capable persons are appointed on more important posts, and comparatively less competent persons can be appointed on less important posts. Definition:“ The staffing function pertains to the recruitment , selection, development, training and compensation of subordinate managers.” -Theo Haimann Characteristics : Related to human beings Separate Managerial Function Essential at Managerial Levels Related to Social Responsibility Effect of Internal & External Enviornment Importance : Helpful in Discovering & Obtaining Competent Personnel Helpful in Better Performance Helpful in continuous Survival & Growth of the Enterprise Helpful in Optimum utilization of human resource Helpful in improving Job satisfaction & Morale of Employees Process : Estimating the Manpower Requirement Recruitment- Internal & External Sources Selection Placement & Orientation Training & Development Retention – Payment of fair remuneration - Labour Relation - Safety Contd… Performance Appraisal Promotion Transfer Separation i) Retirement ii) Termination iii) Retrenchment Manpower Planning Meaning : It means to ensure at what time and in what number different categories of employees will be needed by the organization in future. As e result , neither the work of the organization will suffer for want of employees nor will there be unnecessary rise in costs due to surplus employees. Definition : Manpower planning may be defined as a strategy for the acquisition, utilization, improvement and preservation of an enterprise’s human resources. -M.N.Rudrabasawaraj Process : Forecasting Manpower Needs 1. 2. Type Of Employees Number of Employees Determine the Types of Employees Job Description : a) b) c) d) e) f) Job Identification Job Summary Machines , tools & Equipment used Working Conditions Supervision Job Relations Job Specification Determine the number of Employees: The next step is to determine that how many persons with different characteristics are needed by the institution. At the time of determining the number of persons required, the possibilities regarding internal promotions, retirements, resignations and dismissals etc. are also taken into consideration Importance of Job Analysis : It reduces Misunderstanding Provides greater Job Satisfaction Helpful in recruitment & selection Helpful in fixation of Wages & Salaries Helpful in Training Helpful in Performance Appraisal Preparing Manpower programs. Importance of Manpower Planning Provide information of Manpower needs To reduce Labour costs To provide basis for Training To facilitate the expansion of Business To make possible the Optimum Utilization of Manpower.