WICOR Lesson Plan – Fences (7)- Act1,1(pp.20-28) Course: E. 12 Date: Instructor: Aim/Instructional Outcome: (The student will be able to): Why does A. Wilson create Gabriel figure? (How does Wilson reveal about complex characters through the interactions among characters?) you analyze the writer’s purpose for creating Gabriel figure? ) SWBAT: Analyze the significance of Gabriel character Explore Troy’s attitude toward Gabriel and Rose Examine Troy’s character traits through his relationship with Gabriel As evidenced by the worksheet, Argument Chart and Quick-Write Common Core Learning Standards: RI. 11-12. 1,2,3,4,6 Vocabulary (for active Word Wall): metaphoric, literal Instructional Materials/Resources: Fences, Chart-sheet, Cornell Notes. Student packet Do Now/Quick-Write: 1. Interpret and discuss the quote: “You are who you are through another person.” Mini-Lesson with Modeling: (“I do) 1. Troy is presented through his relationship with Gabriel, Lyons, Rose: 2. Flat and round characters 3. Wise fools Have you ever heard the term “wise fools”? Describe a “wise fool” you personally know or read in a book. What makes him/her a wise fool? How do you like that person? Give reasons. We will meet Gabriel, Troy’s brother, who was injured in the war. We will discuss why the author creates the character and how Troy treats him. Time 5 mins Time 10 mins Instructional Grouping: 1. Group arrangement Pd.4 Ter/sha/issa Jad/jon/jus Sap/nik/jos Mar/sign/sul Dar/feli/jonn Pd.7: mad/cyn/ adr/mul/wal Kev/lui/par Les/max/gom Jul/dav/ Differentiation Strategies: 1.Modeling: Argument 2. Read aloud and class discussion 3.One-on-one teacher assistance Shur: max/jos/joa 2.Rational: Heterogeneous/ Based on interests and abilities Win: ste/cyn/kar/other Ls 3. Groups will be rearranged if necessary (-Symbol: an object, person that has meanings in itself and that represents something else. Fence: Racial discrimination, Rose: Gabriel: -Foreshadow( 2. Modeling: Argument Sheet 3 Student Work Period/Learning Activity: Guided Practice (“We do) and Independent Practice (“You do”) Time 20 mins 1. 2. Read Aloud: pp.24-28 Pair/Group Work: Higher Order Questions: (Bloom/Webb) Topics for Argument Discuss and analyze the statement. Cite textual evidence to prove your point. Why do you think the writer create Gabe figure? -Answer the questions. - Argumentative Chart 2. Quick-Write: HL questions. Volunteers and non-volunteers will share findings to the class. - 5 mins Summary: Symbol Time Assessment Circulating to check for understanding Work will be shared in class. 5 mins Homework: Research August Wilson and create an Author Brochure Reflection on Lesson How will you change this lesson in the future? How will your evaluation of today’s assessment inform future instruction? Name ____________________________________________________Period __________ Date _________ Character Interaction Chart Directions: Discuss and analyze how Troy’s relationship with others shows who he is. Then discuss in writing whether he is a flat or a round character. Cite the textual evidence to support your answer. Characters What does Troy’s relationship with other reveal about Troy’s personality? Troy and Rose Troy and Gabriel Troy and Lyons Troy and Cory Analysis: Is Troy a round or a flat characters? Why do you thinks so? Argument Chart Analyze the topics. Discuss whether you agree or disagree with the topics. Cite textual evidence to prove your point. Topics Argument Discuss whether you agree or disagree with the statement using textual Evidence or reasons. - - Gabe's character is an example of the “wise fool” introduced in Shakespeare’s plays whose language sounds nonsensical at times, and at other times provides insight and wisdom. For Rose, playing numbers is an escape, a simple luxury and pleasure as Troy's escape in his affair with Alberta. - Gabe represents absurdity in the AfricanAmerican life because the government that supposedly represents you has a history of denying you the rights it promises to insure. Consider the way he speaks/acts and his warning for Troy. Reading Comprehension Below the Standard 1 pts Comprehension Below the Standard Student did not complete assignment and/or did not answer more than half of questions correctly. Form Below the Standard Student did not answer any of the questions in complete sentences. Grammar Below the Standard There are numerous spelling or grammar errors, making the answer impossible to understand. There is no punctuation. Detail Below the Standard The level of detail in each question is poor and makes no attempt to include textually relevant information. Format Below the Standard Paper is not formatted correctly. Approaching the Standard 2 pts Approaching the Standard Student answered at least half of the comprehension questions correctly. Approaching the Standard Student answered at least half of the comprehension questions in complete sentences. Approaching the Standard There are numerous spelling or grammatical errors, making the answer difficult to understand. Most Punctuation is not used correctly. Approaching the Standard The level of detail in each question is emerging. Attempts to engage the text are made. Approaching the Standard Paper is partially formatted. Meets the Standard 3 pts Meets the Standard Student answered 75% of comprehension questions correctly. Student comprehends main idea of the reading. Meets the Standard Student answered at least 75% of the questions in complete sentences. Meets the Standard A few spelling or grammar mistakes are evident, but do not diminish the meaning of the answer. Some punctuation is misused. Meets the Standard The level of detail in each question is good. The student could add a bit more textual detail to further enhance answers. Meets the Standard Paper has one error in formatting. Exceeds the Standard 4 pts Exceeds the Standard Student answered all (100%)comprehension questions correctly. Student fully demonstrates comprehension of main idea from the reading. Exceeds the Standard Student answered all questions in complete sentences. Exceeds the Standard Proper use of modern English spelling and grammar is employed consistently throughout the assignment. Punctuation is utilized correctly and only when necessary. Exceeds the Standard The level of detail in each question is excellent. Textual details are relevant and student has connected fully with the literature. Exceeds the Standard Paper is formatted correctly. Gabriel contributes to the world of Fences by representing absurdity, and specifically absurdity in an African American life in America. A common theme in African American literature has been the concept that to be African American in the United States is to live in a state of absurdity because the government that supposedly represents you (a citizen) has a history of denying you the rights it promises to insure. Gabriel exemplifies this duality. He fought in a war and lost a part of his brain while his brother was denied access to play with players of his level in the Major Leagues because of the color of his skin. Gabe's character is a descendant of the wise fools in Shakespeare whose language sounds nonsensical at times, and at other times provide insight and wisdom. Gabe speaks in child-like phrases and song lyrics. He lives in a world that is half imaginary and half based on the reality before his eyes. He physicalizes a warning for Troy, which Troy does not heed. Gabe's recent move out of the Maxson house to an apartment in Miss Pearl's house affronts Troy's manhood because Gabe who cannot hold down a job or live in reality has managed to provide a home of his own for himself, a feat that Troy has failed to accomplish. Gabe's story about seeing Troy's name and Rose's name in different places in St. Peter's book signifies that Troy is a sinner and Rose is going to heaven. Gabe's song, "Better Get Ready For the Judgment," and his hallucination that hellhounds are in Troy's yard warn Troy to change his behavior unsuccessfully because Troy does not hear the message. Wilson's voice as a playwright however can be heard through Gabe's assessment of Troy's deeds. Moreover, Gabe reminds Troy of Troy's own sacrifices and inability to control his fate in certain aspects of his life. Troy is ashamed of his use of Gabe's money to buy their house, but without it, they would still live in poverty. Troy's manhood is bruised because he knows it cost the Maxson family part of Gabriel's brain to have what little assets they own. This sacrifice contributes to Troy's often-warped sense of duty. Troy feels that if he had been born white with the same talent he had in his prime, or if the Major Leagues had integrated, his family would live carefree. And even with his work ethic and years of commitment to the sanitation department, he has not been able to get a promotion because the union prohibits blacks from driving the trash trucks. Troy's inability to control his fate undoubtedly influences his adamant response to Cory's dream to play college football. Troy's experience has been that even when you try your best and sacrifice what you have to give, the rules do not always apply in your favor as a black American. Similarly, Troy has taken from Gabe what is rightfully his money for his own use.