Slide 1 - sarabrennan

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Tuesday, January 15, 2013
Wednesday, January 16, 2013
“Practice Scenarios”
Warm Up:
1) List the three points of the cell theory
from your homework last night.
2) Describe the difference between
unicellular and multicellular
organisms.
Tuesday, January 15, 2013
Wednesday, January 16, 2013
Cell Transport
Cell – the basic unit of all life
Semi-permeable – some objects can pass through
cell membrane (mostly water)
Basic Cell Organelles:
Cell Membrane – protects cell/gatekeeper
Cytoplasm – fluid inside cell/ helps keep shape
Nucleus – typically holds cells genetic material
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Organisms
Prokaryotic – single-celled organisms, no nucleus
- usually bacteria, not very complex
Eukaryotic – multi-cellular organisms, nucleus
- usually more complex with more organelles
Movement Into and Out of Cells:
Diffusion: movement from an area of high
concentration to low concentration
Homework: Complete the “practice” found on
the last notebook page for today
Page 81
Osmosis: diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane
Page 82
Using Energy to Transport Materials Across the Cell Membrane
Two Main Categories:
Passive Transport/Diffusion (usually small particles) – Moves substances from areas of high
concentration to areas of low concentration
Example: Food coloring added to a beaker of water:
before
after
Active Transport (usually larger particles) – Relies on the cell using energy (ATP) to move particles
across the membrane
Three Categories:
1. Transport Proteins: Special proteins use energy/ATP to pump materials into cell (gatekeeper)
2. Endocytosis: membrane surrounds particles to move them inside (see diagram on next slide)
3. Exocytosis : release of substances from inside vesicles through joining and then releasing
from the cell membrane (see diagram on next slide)
Exchanging materials between the
cell and its environment
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Active Transport
Transport
Proteins use ATP
Endocytosis (reverse for Exocytosis)
Osmosis
Video’s and Examples
Passive and Active Transport Animations
Endocytosis and Exocytosis Animation
Homework/Practice
DIRECTIONS- First Identify if the process is moving materials by active or passive transport.
Then determine if the process is diffusion, osmosis, transport proteins, endocytosis, or
exocytosis.
1. WATER MOVES OUT OF PLANT LEAF, CAUSING IT TO WILT
AND DRY.
2. IF YOU PLACE A TEA BAG IN WATER AND TEA IS MADE.
3. IF FOOD THAT IS TOO LARGE TO ENTER THROUGH THE CELL MEMBRANE IS BROUGHT INTO THE
CELL TO KEEP IT FROM DYING.
4. YOU SMELL THE DELICIOUS ODOR OF BAKING COOKIES BEFORE YOU ENTER THE KITCHEN.
5. FRESH WATER MOVES INTO A SINGLE CELLED ORGANISM.
6. A ONE CELLED AMEOBA SURROUNDS A PARTICLE OF FOOD.
7. EXCESS SALT THAT AN IGUANA HAS SOAKED UP IN THE OCEAN IS REMOVED THROUGH THE
NOSTRILS.
8. IF A PLANT PUMPS MINERALS FROM THE SOIL TO THE ROOT OF THE PLANT.
Thursday, January 17, 2013
Friday, January 18, 2013
Organelle Chart
Warm –up
1. How are the various jobs in a town or
a company divided up among people?
Provide examples.
2. Why is it effective to divide the labor
in this way?
Thursday, January 17, 2013
Friday, January 18, 2013
Organelle Scavenger Hunt - BYOT
Organelle:
– parts of a cell with specific function
– structure in the cytoplasm of
eukaryotic cell that can act as a storage
site, process energy, move materials, or
manufacture substances
Mini-web quest using
www.cellsalive.com
www.biology4kids.com
Homework:
Create chart of cell organelles and their
functions
Tell whether the part is in plant, animal,
or both cells
Page 83
Page 84
Wednesday, January 23, 2013
Thursday, January 24, 2013
Wednesday, January 23, 2013
Thursday, January 24, 2013
Make a Cell Concept Map (see below)
Warm Up:
Job in the
Factory
Cell Organelle
Function of
the Organelle
Chief Executive
Officer (CEO)
Assembly line
where workers
assemble
product
Finishing/
Packaging
department
Power Source
Cell Organelle Quiz and Cell Cycle Notes
Respiration and Photosynthesis: - reactions are
complete opposites of each other
Respiration:
C6H12O6 + 6O2
ATP + 6 H2O + 6 CO2
Photosynthesis:
Sun + 6 H2O + 6 CO2
C6H12O6 + 6O2
Turn to pages 48 – 52 of your text book and
find the steps of each of these processes.
Make a t-chart with a numbered list to
explain the reaction step by step.
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Security Guard
Homework: Make a concept map with Cell in the
middle and 4 spokes coming out titled: division,
transport, animal and plant. List the vocabulary
words we’ve done in class under the specific category
Page 85 they belong to.
1.
2.
3.
1.
2.
3.
Page 86
Wednesday, January 23, 2013
Thursday, January 24, 2013
Wednesday, January 23, 2013
Thursday, January 24, 2013
Cell Organelle Quiz and Cell Cycle Notes
Warm Up:
Job in the
Factory
Chief Executive
Officer (CEO)
Assembly line
where workers
assemble
product
Finishing/
Packaging
department
Power Source
Security Guard
Cell Organelle
Function of
the Organelle
Cell cycle - normal sequence of the development
and division of a cell
Three main stages:
1) Interphase - cell is performing normal
functions and preparing to divide
- the longest part of the cycle
- cell grows about twice its original size
- goes about regular cell activities
- DNA is copied to prepare for mitosis
2) Mitosis - nucleus splits and divides
- prokaryotes do not do this (no nucleus)
- usually the shortest period in cycle
- goal of mitosis is to transfer DNA and
other cell structures from parent cell
to new cell
3) Cytokinesis – occurs directly after mitosis
- parent cell pinches off
- two genetically identical cells form
Homework:
Page 85
Page 86
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Interphase
Helpful Animation
Interphase
Cell Cycle Diagram
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Mitosis
Friday, January 25, 2013
Monday, January 28, 2013
“Find the Cell Phrase” worksheet
Warm –up
Friday, January 25, 2013
Monday, January 28, 2013
Relooping and Steps of Mitosis
Mitosis notes – See pg 82 E and handout with
diagrams or animation below
1. Turn to Textbook page 68E and answer
questions 25 – 27.
Homework:
1. “Find the Cell Phrase” worksheet
Page 87
Good Mitosis Animation
Page 88
Tuesday, January 29, 2013
Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Finish Cell Brochure and BYOT Next Class
Warm –up:
Number 1-5 where your warm up should
go, leaving 2 or 3 lines in between each
question. Get out your homework and
wait for warm up to be revealed to you.
Warm Up: Mitosis Animation
Tuesday, January 29, 2013
Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Cell Study Guide/Brochure
Mitosis: Page 82 and 83 E in text
Characteristics of Living Things:
1. Organized
2. Use energy for chemical processes
3. Respond to stimuli
4. Grow, develop, adapt
5. Reproduce / contain genetic material
6. All living things are made of cells.
Cell Cycle : Page 81 E in Text or diagram below
Homework:
1. Finish the Cell Brochure/Study Guide
we started in class today.
2. BYOT next class…be prepared!
Page 89
Page 90
Thursday, January 31 , 2013
Friday, February 1, 2013
Study for Cell Test and Finish Study Guide
Warm up:
What do you know about
these words (below)?
1. Calories
2. Food Pyramid
3. Nutrients
4. Diet
Homework:
Study for Cell Test
•Study Guide
•Class notes
•Text book – Unit E
Page 91
Thursday, January 31 , 2013
Friday, February 1, 2013
Food, Exercise, and Energy Project
calorie - with a lowercase “c,” the term refers to the amount of
energy needed to raise the
temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius.
Context: When it comes to staying healthy, counting calories is
just one aspect.
Calorie - with an uppercase “C,” the term refers to the amount of
energy required to raise one
kilogram of water (about 2.2 pounds) one degree Celsius; one
Calorie, or kcal, is equal to 1,000
calories.
Context: Nutrition is measured in Calories.
diet - everything that is consumed. A balanced diet is based on
the principle that healthful
foods and appropriate nutrients must be consumed each day
Context: Eating a healthful diet helps prevent high cholesterol,
high blood pressure, heart
disease, and many other health problems.
Food Guide Pyramid - a visual representation of the number of
recommended daily servings
in each of the six food groups; designed by the U.S. Department
of Agriculture
Context: Use the Food Guide Pyramid as a general guide
to help you choose a healthful diet.
nutrients - substances, including proteins, carbohydrates,
vitamins, and minerals, found in
foods that are necessary for good health
Context: Teenagers need to consume a great deal of calcium, the
nutrient that helps build
strong bones and teeth.
Page 92
Thursday, January 31 , 2013
Friday, February 1, 2013
Thursday, January 31 , 2013
Friday, February 1, 2013
Possible Fictional Characters to Use for Food Energy Project
Bob Fisher
Age: 16
Weight: 245
Height: 5’10”
Dan Smith
Age: 17
Weight: 190
Height: 6’2”
Synthia Lee
Age: 18
Weight: 150
Height: 5’8”
Kelsey Wilson
Age: 15
Weight: 120
Height: 5’2”
Page 91
Page 92
Monday, February 4, 2013
Tuesday, February 5, 2013
Read Section 4.3 from Unit E in your textbook
Warm Up:
EOG Workbook, page 304
1 - 15
Important:
Skip Numbers 2,9 & 10
Homework: Read Section 4.3 from Unit E in
your textbook
Page 93
Monday, February 4, 2013
Tuesday, February 5, 2013
Cell Test and Germ Video
Three things I knew that were
confirmed in the video:
1.
2.
3.
Three things I didn’t know, but
now I know because I watched
the video:
1.
2.
3.
Page 94
Wednesday, February 6, 2013
Thursday, February 7, 2013
Long Term Assignment – See Below
Wednesday, February 6, 2013
Thursday, February 7, 2013
Single Celled Organisms and Viruses
Warm Up:
•Attach the notes organizer here.
Name some diseases that can be spread from
person to person by contact.
•As you take notes today, think about
which of these 5 categories you would
like to learn more about.
What do you call those types of diseases?
Which body system attacks fights disease
causing agents?
•After the lesson, on a sheet of paper, list
your top three choices (top choice first)
Homework:
Long Term Assignment (due Feb. 19 and 20)
•Read Chapter 5 (pg. 131-158 E)
•All Section Reviews (136, 143, 150,157)
•Define terms on page 158 E
•Test on Feb 19 and 20
Page 95
Page 96
Friday, February 8, 2013
Monday, February 11, 2013
Long Term Assignment – See Below
Friday, February 8, 2013
Monday, February 11, 2013
Finish Notes and Launch Research Project
Warm Up:
Read through lesson 46 in the EOG prep
book. Answer the questions at the end of the
chapter.
Homework:
Long Term Assignment (due Feb. 19 and 20)
•Read Chapter 5 (pg. 131-158 E)
•All Section Reviews (136, 143, 150,157)
•Define terms on page 158 E
•Test on Feb 19 and 20
Page 97
Page 98
-Microbiology is the study of “very small” organisms
-many not visible with the “unaided eye”
-many can cause disease and affect functions
- explores bacteria, protists, some fungi, some parasites, and viruses
Bacteria:
___________
Kingdom
Characteristics
Examples
Reproduction
Disease
Examples
Protists:
___________
Kingdom
Fungi:
__________
Kingdom
Parasites:
Various
Kingdoms
Viruses:
Non-Living
Bacteria
Characterisics
Reproduction
• Simplest kind of life
known
• Found everywhere
• Prokaryotes (DNA not
stored in nucleus)
• Binary fission
Bacteria
3 main shapes
• Spiral (also known as Spirillum)
• Rod (Bacillus)
• Round (Coccus)
Most spirilla affect
animals
Streptococcus –
causes strep throat
E. Coli – Causes food
poisoning
Protists
Plant-like Protist
called Volvox
Characteristics
• Usually single-celled
• moist environment
• Grouped by how they move and get food
Plant-like Euglena
Animal-like
Protist called
Paramecium
Animal-like Protist
called Amoeba
Protists
Flagellates
• Move with a
whip like tail
called
flagella
• Euglena
• Plant-like
Ciliates
•Move with tiny
hairs called cilia
•Cilia help
capture food
Paramecium
feeding (animallike)
Psudopodia
• Move with false feet
called psudopods
• Disease causer –
Ameoba causing
Dysentery
Fungi
Characteristics
• 3 groups: mushrooms, molds, yeasts
• Act as decomposers and absorbs nutrients
Reproduction
Mostly asexual
Mostly with spore dispersal
Fungi
Good Examples
• Food
• Yeast is used to make bread
• Penicillin kills bacteria
Disease Causing
• Athlete’s Foot is a parasitic
fungal infection caused by
• causes scaling, flaking, and
itch of affected areas
Parasites
Characteristics
• a harmful relationship to the host
Reproduction
• depends on the parasite
Parasites
Good Examples
Disease Causing
• Harmful by
definition
• Tapeworms - from
uncooked meat
• Fleas
• Bed bugs - suck
blood from sleeping
victims
VIRUSES
Characteristics
• Smaller than bacteria
• NOT living organisms
• Consist of genetic material within a special
protein coating called a capsid.
VIRUSES
Reproduction
• Use host cell to copy DNA and produce new
viruses
• 5 steps to virus multiplication:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Attachment
Injection
Production
Assembly
Release
VIRUSES
Helpful Virus Examples
Bad Examples
• Used to transfer • West Nile virus
helpful genes into
• Influenza
cells – gene
therapy
Tuesday, February 12, 2013
Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Long Term Assignment and Finish Presentations
Project Notes and Research:
Tuesday, February 12, 2013
Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Notes and Research
Project Notes and Research:
Homework:
Long Term Assignment and Finish Presentations
Page 99
Page 100
Thursday, February 14, 2013
Friday, February 15, 2013
Long Term Assignment and Finish Presentations
Presentation Notes:
Thursday, February 14, 2013
Friday, February 15, 2013
Presentations
Presentation Notes:
Homework:
Study for Test
Page 101
Page 102
Tuesday, February 19, 2013
Wednesday, February 20, 2013
Finish the Reading Map Assignment and Study Vocab
Warm Up:
How is science
important to
understanding and
preventing the spread of
infectious disease?
Tuesday, February 19, 2013
Wednesday, February 20, 2013
Infectious Disease Vocab. Reading Map
AFTER THE TEST
Attach the “Infectious Disease and
Disease Fighters reading Map.
Materials:
•Reading Map
•Epidemic/Pandemic/Probiotic
handout
•Textbooks
Homework:
Study the notes and vocabulary on the reading
map
Page 103
Page 104
Thursday, February 21, 2013
Friday, February 22, 2013
Finish Analysis Questions from “Who Infected
Whom” Activity Today
Thursday, February 21, 2013
Friday, February 22, 2013
Infectious Disease Vocab. Reading Map
Warm Up:
Healthy Carrier
Number your paper from
1-10 in place of where
you usually put your
warm up.
“Typhoid Mary”
“Who Infected Whom”
Homework:
Finish the Analysis Questions from the “Who
Infected Whom” Activity Today in Class
Page 105
Page 106
Let’s See What Know About…..
Infectious Disease Causers and
Fighters
1. What did Louis Pasteur use to kill
bacteria in milk?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Ice
Chemicals
Heat
medicine
2. When a disease is passed from
one person to another, it is called
a(n) ____________________
disease.
3. Disease causing pathogens can be
spread by __________________.
(List all that apply.)
DNA
Coughing
into air
Contaminated
water
4. Viruses and some bacteria, fungi,
and worms may all be disease
causing agents called
_______________.
5. The process of using heat to kill
bacteria is called….
A.
B.
C.
D.
vaccination
Pasteurization
Immunization
depathogenation
6. Sometimes diseases like influenza
are spread over an entire continent
or worldwide. This is an example of
a(n) ____________________.
7. Which map best represents a
pandemic?
A
B
Rabies Virus
Streptococcus
Chicken Pox
Virus
8. Which of the above is killed with
an antibiotic? Write all that apply.
Rabies Virus
Streptococcus
Chicken Pox
Virus
9. Which of the above is controlled
with vaccines? Write all that apply.
10. A non-infectious disease such as
Down’s Syndrome can be
A.
B.
C.
D.
Received from a virus
Avoided by washing hands
Present at birth
Carried by animals
Relooping and Review Topics
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Protist Characteristics
Virus Characteristics
Fungi Characteristics
Binary Fission
Bacterial Shapes
Epidemic vs. Pandemic
Monday, February 25, 2013
Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Monday, February 25, 2013
Tuesday, February 26, 2013
Write a Paragraph comparing your
Hypothesis vs. The Actual Results
Warm Up:
For today’s warm up, re-answer the
questions from the ticket out the
door last class. If you read the
article, do the blue questions, if you
did review, do the green questions. If
absent, do the green questions.
Who Infected Whom Activity – Part II
Name
Symptoms Test
(Yes or No) Results
Carrier?
Analysis Questions
Homework: Write a Paragraph comparing your
Hypothesis vs. The Actual Results
Page 107
Page 108
Tuesday, February 26, 2013
No Homework!!!
Warm Up:
Copy this definition into your notebook:
Tuesday, February 26, 2013
From One to Another Video/Activity
Analysis Questions
1) Vector – an organism that spreads diseasecausing germs to humans, usually without
getting sick itself.
-a vector is usually an animal or insect, while
a carrier is typically a human
2) List any diseases that you know if that are
transmitted through vectors.
Homework: No Homework!!!
Page 107
Page 108
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