POETRY POETRY 1. What is it? 2. Why write it? 3. Why study it? POETRY: Can it be defined? • One of three genres: – – – Prose Drama Poetry POETRY: Can it be defined? • • No single characteristic Most=regular rhythmical pattern or meter – • • Some in prose, some in free verse Most=concise, musical, emotionally charged language Most=imagery, figurative language, sound devices such as rhyme I. TYPES OF POETRY A. Narrative poetry: tells as story, told by a narrator 1. Ballads-Songlike poem, often dealing with adventure or romance (Middle Ages) Narrative poetry 2. Epics-long, narrative about the adventures of gods or of a hero, such as Beowulf. (Anglo-Saxon Period) B. Lyrics: expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. Presents an experience or single effect but does not tell a full story. LYRICS 1. Odes-Long, formal lyric poem with serious theme. 2. Elegies-solemn and formal lyric poem about death. 3. Sonnets-14 line lyric poem focused on a single theme. C. Lyric Popularity Lyrical poetry flourished in the Renaissance and was revived during the Romantic period (1798-1832) and has remained a common poetic form since that time. II. THE SONNET A. B. C. 14 lines lyric poem Focused on a single theme Most written in iambic pentameter D. Two traditional patterns 1. Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet 2. Shakespearean or English Sonnet -(English sonnet first used by Sir Thomas Wyatt in 1530’s) 1. Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet a. 2 parts i. 8-line Octave ii. 6-line sestet b. Octave rhymes abba abba and raises a question, states a problem, or presents a brief narrative c. Sestet rhymes cde cde or some combination of cd rhymes and answers the question, solves the problem or comments on the problem 2. English or Shakespearean Sonnet a. three 4-line quatrains and concluding two-line couplet b. Rhyme scheme of each quatrain is usually abab cdcd efef and couplet is gg c. Each quatrain explores a variation of the main theme d. the couplet offers a summarizing or concluding statement. Spenserian Sonnet • • • Used variation of English Uses interlocking rhyme scheme (abab bcbc cdcd ee) to link the three quatrains Also wrote pastoral poetry and the epic romance The Faerie Queene. E. Sonnet Cycle or Sequence: 1. series of sonnets that fit loosely together to form a story, written to one person or on one theme. 2. Each poem can stand alone. 3. The sequence lets the poet trace the development of a relationship or examine different aspects of a single subject. POETRY TERMS • • All of the terms that follow are fair game for ALL remaining quizzes and exams. Additionally-they will be crucial to AP12 as well. Consider typing them up and saving them for quick reference! POETRY TERMS ASSIGNMENT • • • • Write out the definitions to all the terms in your class notebook. You may add these to our ongoing definitions section. Some of the terms have previously been defined. You may use the glossary in your textbook as well as the information provided in the time period overview section to come up with a complete definition. Pay attention to examples when offered Avoid writing word for word; try to write in such a manner as you will remember. POETRY TERMS: Define each of the following terms 1. Alliteration 2. Allusion 3. Apostrophe 4. Assonance 5. Conflict 6. Consonance 7. Imagery 8. Metaphor 9. Mood 10. Personification 11. Repetition 12. Simile 13. Symbol/ism 14. Theme 15. Tone 16. Meter 17. Feet 18. Iamb 19. Pentameter 20. Stanza 21. Free Verse 22. Paradox 23. Octave 24. Sestet 25. Quatrain 26. Rhyme Scheme 27. Rhymed Couplet 28. Internal Rhyme 29. End Rhyme 30. Exact Rhyme 31. Slant Rhyme EXTRA CREDIT • • If not interested, you need not go any further in this power point. If you are interested, the assignment is DUE: Friday February 24 QUIZ CREATION 1. QUIZ: You must type out an objective quiz over the terms. • It must contain 20 items. They may be matching, fill in the blank, true false, or short answer. The purpose is to create higher-level than simple memorize-regurgitate. Consider providing examples of the techniques and having students identify them, or giving lines of poetry and asking the student to identify the techniques and explain the purpose/effect, etc. The more advanced the items, the more points. 2. Create a name line at the top for the test taker. Make it look like an actual Quiz 3. Put your name at the bottom of the quiz as the creator. 4. ANSWER KEY: On a separate sheet write an answer key, also with your name on it.