Identification Subject Department Program Term Instructor E-mail: Phone: Classroom/hours Office hours PETE 202 – Physics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Undergraduate Fall, 2014 Rovshan JAVADZADE firstname.lastname@example.org (+994 50) 614 9895 11 Mehseti str. (Neftchilar campus), Room #203N, Saturday 9:00-11:50 Saturday, 12:00 – 13:20 or by appointment Prerequisites Language Compulsory/Elective English Required Required textbooks and course materials Core textbook: Properties of Petroleum Fluids, 2nd Ed., McCain, Penn Well Supplementary material: Class Lecture Handouts and Additional Reading Materials Course website Course outline This course provides students with a fundamental background on the determination and evaluation of fluid, rock and rock-fluid properties of oil and gas reservoirs. Helps student to understand the fundamental difference in reservoir according to their fluid properties and how it can affect the reservoir energy. Provides students with a basic understanding of fluid flow in porous media, two and three phase flow, physical processes during the displacement of oil by water and gas. Course objectives To give an introductory level of understanding about the physical processes that occur in oil and gas reservoirs, evaluation and correlation of physical properties of petroleum reservoir fluids, properties of petroleum reservoir rocks - porosity, relative and effective permeability, compressibility and capillary characteristics, measurement methods and influencing factors, to improve the physical characterization of oil and gas reservoirs, and increase understanding of the transport mechanisms for oil, gas and water in porous rocks in order to contribute to increased oil recovery. To be able to search the literature on the required subject and topic provided. Learning outcomes By the end of the course the students should be able: Explain the physical meaning and evaluate the impact of fluid and rock properties in reservoir engineering and production problems. Define the Structure and Properties of Porous Materials, Statics of Fluids in Porous Media, discuss the influencing factors, and describe the methods of determining values of these properties. Understand characteristics of different hydrocarbon reservoirs and their properties, phase behavior of reservoir fluids, to analyze the phase and ternary diagrams Reproduce the flow equations in differential form, explain their meaning, integrate the equations for typical reservoir system. Explain fluid flow in porous medium, multi-phase flow, displacement mechanisms, relative permeability, capillary pressure, hysteresis phenomenon, physical processes that occur during fluid displacement, miscible and immiscible fluids Teaching methods Evaluation Policy Be familiarized with fluid sampling methods and PVT experiments Lecture Group discussion Experiential exercise Simulation Case analysis Course papers Others Methods Midterm Exam Case studies Class Participation Assignment and quizzes Project Presentation/Group Discussion Final Exam Others Total x x x x x Date/deadlines 08.11.2014 Percentage (%) 30 10 20 xxxx 40 100 Preparation for class The structure of this course makes your individual study and preparation outside the class extremely important. The lecture material will focus on the major points introduced in the text. Reading the assigned chapters and having some familiarity with them before class will greatly assist your understanding of the lecture. After the lecture, you should study your notes and work relevant problems and cases from the end of the chapter and sample exam questions. Withdrawal (pass/fail) A student is normally expected to achieve a mark of at least 60% to pass. In case of failure, he/she will be required to repeat the course the following term or year. Cheating/plagiarism Cheating or other plagiarism during the Quizzes, Mid-term and Final Examinations will lead to paper cancellation. In this case, the student will automatically get zero (0), without any considerations. Professional behavior guidelines The students shall behave in the way to create favorable academic and professional environment during the class hours. Unauthorized discussions and unethical behavior are strictly prohibited. We ek Tentative Schedule 1 Date/Day (tentative) Topics Textbook/Assignments 20.09.2014 INTRODUCTION - “Physics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs” and its role in Petroleum Engineering Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials - 2 27.09.2014 3 04.10.2014 Petroleum system. Types and composition of reservoir rocks Generation of hydrocarbons Oil and gas composition, hydrocarbon and nonhydrocarbon components The Role of PVT PHASE BEHAVIOR - Pure component system - Two-component mixtures - Three-component mixtures - Ternary diagrams - Fluids classification Properties of the Five Petroleum Reservoir Fluids - Black Oil - Volatile Oil - Retrograde Condensate Gas - Dry Gas SAMPLING - 4 11.10.2014 5 18.10.2014 Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Joule-Thomson effect Wet Gas Bottom Hole sampling Surface sampling PVT EXPERIMENTS - Constant mass expansion for oil - Flash test for oil - Multi stage test for oil - Differential liberation for oil - Viscosity measurement - Constant mass expansion for gas condensate - Constant volume depletion for gas condensate - Swelling test - Multiple contact test - Gas Chromatography analysis Structure and Properties of Porous Materials (part 1) - Porosity - Specific Surface - Formation Resistivity Factor - Rock Compressibility Structure and Properties of Porous Materials (part 2) Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials ─PERMEABILITY 6 25.10.2014 7 01.11.2014 - Darcy’s law - Radial flow - Darcy’s law for permeability to gas - Slip effect and Klinkenberg correction - Composite porous media - Permeability-porosity correlation Statics of Fluids in Porous Media - Saturations - Wettability - Interfacial Tension Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials 8 08.11.2014 9 15.11.2014 10 22.11.2014 11 29.11.2014 12 06.12.2014 13 13.12.2014 14 20.12.2014 15 27.12.2014 16 XXXX TBA Capillary Pressure MID TERM EXAM RELATIVE PERMEABILITY - Effective permeability - Relative permeability and Wettability - Characteristics of water-oil relative permeabilities - Gas-Liquid relative permeabilities - Measurement methods Basics of Fluid Flow in Porous Medium - Types of Fluids (From its compressibility point of view) - Flow Regimes - Reservoir Geometry - Techniques for averaging permeabilities Multiphase Displacement Through Porous Medium - Drainage - Imbibition - (Jamen effect) - Hysteresis MISCIBLE and IMMISCIBLE FLUIDS GAS INJECTION (miscible and immiscible gas) - First-Contact Miscibility - Minimum Miscibility Pressure - Minimum Miscibility Pressure in terms of Ternary diagram MULTI-CONTACT MISCIBILITY - Condensing Gas Drive - Vaporizing Gas Drive - Slim Tube Experiments - Minimum Miscibility Richness Physical processes in Reservoir Drive Mechanisms – Primary Recovery - Fluid expansion and pore shrinkage - Solution gas drive - Gas cap expansion - Natural aquifer influx - Gravity - Compaction Physical processes in Reservoir Drive Mechanisms – Secondary Recovery and EOR - Water and Immiscible gas injection - Thermal/Miscible gas/Chemical methods - Tongue – Fingering - Coning FINAL EXAM Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials Lecture Notes and Additional Reading Materials This syllabus is a guide for the course and any modifications to it will be announced in advance.