English 12 Introduction to Poetry Types of Poetry Review “If a Poem Could Walk” by Lorna Crozier Please read “If a Poem Could Walk” on page 174 in Imprints 12 What is Crozier saying about reading poetry? Types of Poetry Lyric Poetry: Primary function is to express a state of mind or a powerful emotion. Can be intensely personal and is usually written in 1st person (I) Evoke emotion in the reader Types of Poetry Sonnet: Type of lyric poetry that traditionally follows strict rules of meter, rhyme, structure, and length. 14 lines Ten syllables per line Formal rhyme scheme Types of Poetry Light verse: Comic poem Intention humorous, clever, possibly rude Playful tone Witty Eg. limerick Types of Poetry Satirical poetry: Humorous poem for the serious purpose of effective positive change in people or society Identify the person/thing being ridiculed— behaviour, belief, attitude or human failing Criticizes corruption in society Types of Poetry Didactic poetry: Poem that offers advice or moral lessons in a subtle fashion. Types of Poetry Descriptive poetry: Poetry that, through memorable descriptions that appeal to our senses, engages our minds, our hearts, and our imaginations. Gives the reader a sense of an experience/place/person Types of Poetry Narrative Poetry: Tells a story It is concerned with character, contexts (time, place, situation) and conflict. Protagonist’s thoughts and feelings are central Reader must engage in creative process to fill the gaps left by the brevity of the narrative Types of Poetry Reflective Poetry: Poetry that explores concepts of truth and meaning. Ask an essential question—questions that explores matters of identity, purpose to life, nature of emotions such as happiness Who am I? What is the meaning of life? What does it mean to be happy? Class work Read “The World” (pg 211) as a class and discuss Read “Acquainted with the Night” (pg 212) as a class and discuss Read “Grief of Mind” (pg. 213)individually/pairs Read “ABC” (pg. 213) individually/pairs Assignment: Questions 1 a,b,c; 2; 4 pg. 214 Hand in tomorrow. Poetry Literary Terms Literary Terms booklet 90. Sonnet (14 lines) that consists of three quatrains (4 line stanza) finishing with a rhyming couplet. Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg Iambic Pentameter (ten syllables per line) Poetry Literary Terms Literary Terms booklet 77. Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet: Sonnet (14 lines) that consists of two parts: the #66 octave (first 8 lines which presents a question or problem) and the #88 sestet (final six lines which presents the solution or conclusion) Rhyme scheme is abbaabbacdecde Often celebrate a beautiful lady 96. Stanza: A “chunk” or paragraph of poetry 93. Sonnet: 14 line lyric poem with a set form and rhyme scheme. 81. Quatrain: four line stanza (Shakespearean sonnet) 84. Rhyme Scheme: The pattern of rhymes in a poem marked by lower case letters. 85. Rhythm: The arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables into a pattern. 50. Internal rhyme: Rhyme occurs within a line (end rhyme is when the rhyme occurs at the end of lines which marks rhyme scheme) 14. Caesura: Natural break within a line of poetry 13. Blank verse: Unrhymed iambic pentameter (10 syllables per line, with stressed syllables on every second syllable.) EG. Paradise Lost A dungeon horrible on all sides round As one great furnace flamed, yet from those flames No light, but rather darkness visible 46. Iambic Pentameter: 10 syllables per line with stressed syllable on every second syllable. Each rhymes.