Poetry Unit Notes alliteration- the repetition of the same consonant sounds in words that are close together in a poem. Example: Gentle giants glide gracefully through wild waters of Alaska. “G” & “W” are stressed. Alliteration examples My amazing mother’s soft, sultry hair comforts and calms me when her arms are around me. Sister, you are silly and sassy. You are messy and mischievous! Mom’s homemade chocolate chip cookie crumbs cover her cheeks when we kiss her. Mom, your eyes are warm, wistful and wonderful, big and brown-always watching over me. Alliteration Examples Example: “The soothing sounds of the summer waves crash on the shore.” onomatopoeia- the use of a word whose sound mimics its meaning. Examples: meow, Howwwwwl, bang! imagery - is language that appeals to our 5 senses. A visual image helps you to see a picture in your mind. Example: Inside of the cabin, it was warm and toastie, and smelled like cinnamon. We listened to the crackling fire as we sipped hot cocoa topped with cool whipped cream. is giving human like qualities to non human things. Ex: The shadows danced across the white sand. Personification- Poetry Notes *SIMILE- a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, or resembles. A simile is figure of speech. Her eyes resemble two sapphires sparkling in the twilight. METAPHOR – Compares two unlike things directly. It does NOT use like, as or resembles. My father’s strength is a lighthouse that provides guidance during stormy seas. Example: During the storm, the sky was a cloudy sea. INTERNAL RHYMES- are rhymes that occur WITHIN the lines. “Never free, never me, so I’ve done the unforgiven.” Example: “There are strange things done in the midnight sun.” RHYME- a word having a sound that is similar to another. Rhyme lends a song like quality to poetry. RHYTHYM – is the pattern of stressed and unstressed words that create a beat, as in music. 1. Sensory Poetry SENSE POETRY- a form of poetry that uses adjectives to describe a noun. The adjectives FOCUS on the SENSES. Example: Line 1 – Visual or Audio (hearing) Line 2 & 3 – Touch Line 4 - Taste/ Scent Line 5 – a descriptive statement that ties the poem together. Sensory Poem Example Ferocious Feline (visual) Sleek ( touch) Smooth (touch) Salivating and Hungry (applies to taste) A Captured Beast. (statement) 2. Free Verse FREE Verse- A poem that follows no specific metrical pattern and usually does not rhyme. It does not have a set length of line but the poet determine a unity of structure and rhythmic tone. Example Cloud Camouflaged tower Giant whipped-cream sundaes Beauty Stolen from the Promised Land Sky Art. 3. CINQUAIN Cinquain- A five line poem. There are variations of a cinquain, but the following is a typical pattern: Line 1 – Subject of the poem (1 noun) Snowflakes Line 2- How it looks (2 adjectives) White, lacy Line 3- What it does (3 action verbs). Floating, swirling, twirling Line 4- Author’s feelings about the subject. Peaceful, silent, sleeping world (4 words) Line 5- Synonym or antonym referring to the subject (1 noun). ICE 4. Haiku HAIKU- A form of unrhymed Japanese poetry (usually about nature), which attempts to bring about an emotional response. Haiku is written in three lines in a 5-7-5 syllable pattern. Haiku Summer to autumn Leaf colors announce their changes Wondrous exhibit 5. Lyric A Lyric is a poem that expresses personal and emotional feelings. The Law of the Jungle By Rudyard Kipling Wash daily from nose-tip to tail-tip; drink deeply, but never too deep; And remember the night is for hunting, and forget not the day is for sleep. The Jackal may follow the Tiger, but, Cub, when thy whiskers are grown, Remember the Wolf is a Hunter -- go forth and get food of thine own. Keep peace with the Lords of the Jungle -- the Tiger, the Panther, and Bear. And trouble not Hathi the Silent, and mock not the Boar in his lair. When Pack meets with Pack in the Jungle, and neither will go from the trail, Lie down till the leaders have spoken -- it may be fair words shall prevail. 6. Ballad Ballads tell of an event. They were often used to spread the news, provide entertainment, or create a "bigger than real life" story. Ballad Writing Tips often have verses of four lines Most usual is 4 lines, with the 2nd line rhyming with the last. repetition often found in ballads entire stanzas can be repeated like a song's chorus (refrain) lines can be repeated but each time a certain word is changed Ballads contain a lot of dialogue. Action is often described in the first person Two characters in the ballad can speak to each other on alternating lines Sequences of "threes" often occur: three kisses, three tasks, three events, for example On Top of Spaghetti On top of spaghetti, All covered with cheese, I lost my poor meatball, When somebody sneezed. It rolled off the table, And on to the floor, And then my poor meatball, Rolled out of the door. It rolled in the garden, And under a bush, And then my poor meatball, Was nothing but mush. The mush was as tasty As tasty could be, And then the next summer, It grew into a tree. The tree was all covered, All covered with moss, And on it grew meatballs, And tomato sauce. So if you eat spaghetti, All covered with cheese, Hold on to your meatball, Whenever you sneeze.