# Set 1

```BIO 101 SI Review
1. Charles Darwin was the first to coin the term survival of the fittest. True/False
2. Darwin was on the HMS Beagle as the ship’s naturalist. True/False
3. If I have three means with normal distributions, I would use a:
a)t-test
b)F-test
c)U-test
d)none of the above
4. What is the simplest model that I can use to describe two variables?
a)ANOVA
b)regular model
c)linear model
d)none of the above
5. Correlation verifies causation. True/False
6. Stating that if evolution is false, creationism is true is an example of:
a)affirming the consequent
b)denying the antecedent
c)a logical fallacy
d)all of the above
7. The square root of the variance is:
a)mean
b)median
c)mode
d)standard deviation
8. The three conditions necessary for evolution by natural selection are what?
Define each of the three terms:
9. Which indirect measure of fitness is most closely related to the direct measure of fitness?
a)growth
b)survival
c)mating success
d)fecundity
10. Which type of selection favors a certain direction of a trait?
a)stabilizing selection
b)disruptive selection
c)directional selection
d)none of the above
11. Which type of selection favors extreme values of a trait?
a)stabilizing selection
b)disruptive selection
c)directional selection
d)none of the above
12. Which type of selection favors the averages of a trait?
a)stabilizing selection
b)disruptive selection
c)directional selection
d)none of the above
13. What is a p value? Is a p value of .005 significant?
14. Natural selection produces designs that are successful in the future. True/False
```