Review questions created in class

1. What types of muscle is the tongue? And what does it form?
a. Skeletal muscle and forms a bolus
2. What is special about the non-ruminant digestive system?
a. Enlarged cecum and cannot vomit
3. Where is the root of a tooth located?
a. Below the gum line
4. Name the chambers of a ruminant stomach in order of digestion?
a. Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
5. Where is the dentin located within the tooth?
a. Under the enamel
6. What is the purpose of saliva?
a. Helps break down food, lines digestive tract
7. How many salivary glands does the mouth have?
a. Four
8. What is eructation?
a. Belching action as gas builds up in the rumen
9. The monogastric stomach is broken down into three sections. What are they in order?
a. Cardia, body, pyloris
10. Name the parts of the small intestines in order?
a. Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
11. What is a sphincters function?
a. Muscle control at entrance and exits. Circular shaped muscle
12. What are papillae?
a. Projections on tongue, taste buds
13. What parts of the ruminant stomach does the process of fermentation occur?
a. Rumen, reticulum, omasum
14. What is another name for the pharynx?
a. The throat
1. List in order the structures of the monogastric digestive system?
a. Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines
2. What is the hair like projections on the tongue called?
a. Papillae
3. Describe parastalsis.
a. Wave like motions to push food along
4. The base of tongue folds what over the base of the larynx as the food moves back
5. What is the purpose of the liver?
a. Produces bile and stores it in the gallbladder, break down lipids
6. The pancreas breaks down proteins into what?
a. Peptides
7. Name 4 ruminant animals?
a. Cow, sheep, goat, llamas
8. Name 5 parts of the tooth?
a. Enamel, dentin, pulp cavity, crown, root
9. List, in order, the four compartments of the ruminant stomach.
a. Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
10. What are the main parts of the large intestines?
a. Cecum, colon, rectum
11. Describe eructation.
a. Gas built up in the rumen
12. Humans secrete how many liters of saliva? How many for cows?
a. People 1-2, cows 200liters
13. In the stomach, there are two chemical that break down proteins and peptides?
a. HCl and pepsin