The Tundra By Nolan Keckley, Curren Havens, and Trevor McClellan Meteorology During winters, temperatures can dip to -94 degrees F. Temperatures in the tundra usually don’t get past 45 degrees F. The main seasons are summer and winter. During the summer, the sun shines almost 24 hours a day. Yearly precipitation is 6-10 inches of snow. Temperature graph 40 30 20 10 0 Temp. -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 Winter Spring Summer Fall Weather can be very different throughout the year. Physical Features Ground is always frozen It can be frozen from 10in. to 3ft. Some parts are mountainous Bare and rocky ground Map of the Tundra The Arctic Hare and the Arctic Wolf The Arctic Hare Has big, powerful feet that help it hop on snow Has small ears that minimize heat loss Fur turns white in the winter, and gray in the summer The Arctic Wolf •Has good eyesight, good hearing, and a keen sense of smell Weighs about2-20 pounds, and is 20 inches long not including tail Can be brown or gray in the summer and light blue or gray in the winter. The Polar Bear and the Ptarmigan The Polar Bear Has dense, white fur and fat that protect it Has a keen sense of smell to smell food Has a long body neck and head Males measure from 8-11 feet and weigh over 1,000 pounds Females are usually 6 feet long and weigh 400500 Are about 40,000 left The Ptarmigan Has white feathers that help it hide in snow Has feathers on its feet that help it run on snow Build nests on ground Lay about 4-15 eggs Eggs are creamy The Snow Goose Has webbed feet that help it swim Immature geese have dirty white or brownish feathers Adult geese can have white or light blue feathers Weigh three and one fourth to eight and three fourths Labrador Tea Can be brewed into tea 4-5 feet tall. o Rich in vitamin C Known to keep mice away. Pointy. Black, white , orange flowers, wooly branches. Bees attracted by this flower Not eaten too poisoned. Lichen It grows on rocks Unusual organisms that grow on rocks It’s a composed fungus It’s also an algae Turns different colors in autumn Caribou and musk oxen eat lichen Tufted Saxifrage Stems can get to be 3-15 cm. high Has 2-10 flowers on the top of each stem Flowers have 5 petals Caribou, wolves, and many birds such as the snow goose eat it Has rigid leaves that can grow 5-10 mm. long Grows small fruit with many seeds Pollution Pollution from mining and drilling for oil Polluted air, lakes, water, and rivers Bibliography http://www.geocities.com/biome webquest/PolarLands.html http://www.enchantedlearning.co m/coloring/arcticanimals.shtml http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org /tundra.htm http://www.mbgnet.net/sets/tund ra/index.htm http://google.com “tundra” Pipes, Rose. Tundra and Cold Deserts. Raintree Steck Vaughn. 1999 “Tundra” World Book Encyclopedia AND NOT OUR BRAINS, OUR KNOWLEDGE SO WERE NOT COPY CATS.