PLAGIARISM Notes lifted for academic purposes from information posted by the following universities: Indiana University, DePauw University, Purdue University WARNING! Dishonest and unacceptable, plagiarism…. is a serious offense. It may result in anything from failure of the assignment or exam to expulsion from school. Photo Credit: Funny Cats DEFINITION • The word plagiarism is derived from the Latin root “plagiarii” that means “kidnapping.” • In academic media, plagiarism stands for purposeful or accidental unaccredited use of the source material by other writers. BORROWING vs. STEALING • Responsible, honest writers indicate their debts to others by clearly citing material that they have borrowed. • Irresponsible or dishonest writers often fail to cite their borrowings and thus become guilty of plagiarism. BORROWING vs. STEALING Plagiarized work is easy to recognize because it does not clearly indicate borrowing. It is full of facts, observations, and ideas the writer could not have developed on his or her own and is written in a different style. TYPES 1. Direct plagiarism 2. Vague or incorrect citation 3. Mosaic plagiarism AVOIDING PLAGIARISM 1. Quote: a word for word copy of something someone else has said or written In writing, a quoted passage is indicated by putting quotation marks (") at the beginning and end of the quote or, if the quote is long, setting it apart from the main text in an indented block. The source of the quote must also be cited, either in the text or in an endnote. AVOIDING PLAGIARISM 2. Paraphrase: restatement in your own words something your source has said Putting something into your own words is an important intellectual activity in its own right: it shows you understand the material. A paraphrase must be cited. Putting something in your own words does not make it yours. AVOIDING PLAGIARISM 3. Summary Like a paraphrase, a summary of a source is in your own words, but a summary is considerably shorter and does not follow the source as closely as a paraphrase. Again, you must cite the source for the summary. AVOIDING PLAGIARISM 4. Citation: identification of the source of a quote, paraphrase or summary In journalism, it's usually enough to cite the source in the text by the author's name. Most academic and professional writing requires a full citation, either in text or in a combination of a parenthetical citations in the text and a complete bibliographic entry in a list of works cited. CITATION STYLES MLA: Modern Language Association This style involves an in-text citation immediately following the quote. The in-text citation contains the last name of the author quoted and the page number where the quote can be found (Kunka 18). In MLA Style, the list of references found at the end of the work is called “Works Cited.” CITATION STYLES APA: American Psychological Association The in-text citation contains the author's last name, and the year published (Kunka, 2008). Depending on the edition used, a page number may be used (Kunka, 2008, p. 5). In APA Style, the list of references found at the end of the work is called “References.” CITATION STYLES Turabian (Chicago) Style The citations are not found in the text but are written as either footnotes or endnotes.1 In Turabian Style, the list of references found at the end of the work is called “Bibliography.” _____________ Jennifer Kunka, “The Most Common Style Guides” (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008), 18. 1 TIPS 1. Give yourself plenty of time to research, digest and write your paper. 2. Take careful research notes that include full bibliographic citations. 3. Keep a good documentation guide handy when you are writing your paper. 4. Have confidence in yourself. 5. Know where to get help. “Copy” Time .