USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005

Big Brother Might be
US Patriot Act
Social Media
Copyright Infringement
US Patriot Act: Basics
Post September 11 Counter Terror Measure
TITLE II- Surveillance Procedures
• Amendments to FISA and ECPA
• Contains 16 provision covering surveillance of
suspected terrorists, computer fraud/abuse suspects,
and suspicious foreign powers.
USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization
Act of 2005
• 14 of 16 provisions made permanent
• 3 controversial provisions extended
US Patriot Act: Controversy
PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011Extends 3 controversial provisions until 2015
1.Roving Electronic Surveillance (Roving Wiretaps)
2.Business Records
3.“Lone Wolf” Terrorists
*”Sneak and Peek” Warrants
US Patriot Act: Vs. Constitution
Amendment I: Freedom of Speech and Association
Amendment IV: Freedom from unreasonable searches
Amendment VI: Right to a speedy and public trial
Did you know?
• Every activity you engage in on Facebook,
Twitter and other social media sites have
the potential of being tracked?
• Every Email you send can be tracked?
• Every website you visit can be tracked?
Be Careful!!!
Police Using Social Media
• Individual was charged in NY with murder and
narcotic related crimes due to posting
information about the crimes on Facebook.
• City of Cincinnati has arrested 71 people from
social media posts. They created a database
that gathered the data from Facebook and
phone records to stop crime.
Big Data
• Large set of data being collected through
• Cookies- messages that web servers pass
to your web browser when you visit
Internet sites
• Many marketing firms use the data collect
from your computer to market specific
Copyright Infringement is Expensive!
Copyright Infringement
• Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
– Circumventing control measures
• Copyright Act of 1976– Established basic rights of copyright holders
– Defined penalties for infringement
PENALTIESCriminal- 5 years/$250,000
Civil- $750-$30,000 per work
Copyright Infringement: Who’s
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)
– Advocates for protecting creators and their works
Copyrights Alert System (Six Strikes)
– Slowing or suspension of internet
– Internet Service Providers assisting
Copyright Infringement: But it’s not me!
Detection relies on IP Addresses
IP Addresses- e.g.
Numerical label assigned to each device in a
computer network.
• Like an address so the Internet knows where to send the
requested information.
• Different ISPs own blocks of addresses and assign to
• IP addresses can be traced!
• IP addresses can help identify you.
Packet Sniffing
• Collects copies of network packets and
analyzes contents.
– What is a packet?
• One unit of binary data capable of
being routed through a network
• Each message is broken into a certain
size of bytes (packets--- each message
contains many packets)
• What is a cookie? (not the kind you eat)
• How is data transported over the internet?
• When was the Patriot Act Passed?