Big Brother Might be Watching Agenda: US Patriot Act Social Media Copyright Infringement Packets US Patriot Act: Basics Post September 11 Counter Terror Measure TITLE II- Surveillance Procedures • Amendments to FISA and ECPA • Contains 16 provision covering surveillance of suspected terrorists, computer fraud/abuse suspects, and suspicious foreign powers. USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 • 14 of 16 provisions made permanent • 3 controversial provisions extended US Patriot Act: Controversy PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011Extends 3 controversial provisions until 2015 1.Roving Electronic Surveillance (Roving Wiretaps) 2.Business Records 3.“Lone Wolf” Terrorists *”Sneak and Peek” Warrants US Patriot Act: Vs. Constitution Amendment I: Freedom of Speech and Association Amendment IV: Freedom from unreasonable searches Amendment VI: Right to a speedy and public trial FACEBOOK ACTUALLY CIA TOOL Did you know? • Every activity you engage in on Facebook, Twitter and other social media sites have the potential of being tracked? • Every Email you send can be tracked? • Every website you visit can be tracked? Be Careful!!! Police Using Social Media • Individual was charged in NY with murder and narcotic related crimes due to posting information about the crimes on Facebook. • City of Cincinnati has arrested 71 people from social media posts. They created a database that gathered the data from Facebook and phone records to stop crime. Big Data • Large set of data being collected through cookies • Cookies- messages that web servers pass to your web browser when you visit Internet sites • Many marketing firms use the data collect from your computer to market specific products. Copyright Infringement is Expensive! Copyright Infringement • Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) – Circumventing control measures • Copyright Act of 1976– Established basic rights of copyright holders – Defined penalties for infringement PENALTIESCriminal- 5 years/$250,000 Civil- $750-$30,000 per work Copyright Infringement: Who’s Watching? Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) – Advocates for protecting creators and their works Copyrights Alert System (Six Strikes) – Slowing or suspension of internet – Internet Service Providers assisting Copyright Infringement: But it’s not me! Detection relies on IP Addresses IP Addresses- e.g. 220.127.116.11 Numerical label assigned to each device in a computer network. • Like an address so the Internet knows where to send the requested information. • Different ISPs own blocks of addresses and assign to customers. • IP addresses can be traced! • IP addresses can help identify you. Packet Sniffing • Collects copies of network packets and analyzes contents. – What is a packet? • One unit of binary data capable of being routed through a network Packets • Each message is broken into a certain size of bytes (packets--- each message contains many packets) Quiz • What is a cookie? (not the kind you eat) • How is data transported over the internet? • When was the Patriot Act Passed?