Make sure there is NOTHING on your desks when the tardy bell rings. Arrange the sentence strips into two columns, based on your belief of how each strip is connected to the others in that group. Once completed, try and create a definition for each group. What is the difference between libel and slander? The Enlightenment Challenging Conventional Authority John Peter Zenger Zenger publishes an anti-government newspaper Called a governor’s supporters “the dregs and scandal of human nature” Zenger is arrested and tried for libel He is found innocent, which starts the movement for freedom of the press Enlightenment Thinkers Magna Carta (1215) Because of civil war in England, King John agreed to sign the Magna Carta to buy himself time Importance- Magna Carta is the first political document that limited Royal authority Denied excessive use of power John Locke Two Treatises of Government Locke believes a Monarch’s power comes from the people The people obey the government’s laws and the government protects the people’s rights- Natural Rights as humans Life, Liberty, and Property Revolution is justified then, if … Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Argues that people are anti-social, weak, selfish, and basically evil at birth only by submitting to the protection of a sovereign power can individuals avoid constant anarchy and war strong central authority is the necessary basis for government Locke versus Liberty over Order Government can be changed by its citizens Right to Life, Liberty, and possessions Men are born free and equal Democratic Government Hobbes Order over Liberty Government needs to control its citizens Give up Natural Rights for protection People act in their own self-interest Authoritative Government Jean Jacques Rousseau The Social Contract Government should be formed by the consent of the people Then, the government should make laws Baron Montesquieu Spirit of the Laws States there should be three types of political power Executive Judicial Legislative This protects people’s liberty In conclusion… In two paragraphs, explain how enlightenment thinkers such as, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu, and documents such as the Mayflower Compact, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, and Maryland Toleration Act, led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution.