MANIFEST DESTINY Pt II: IMPERIALISM OR EXPANSIONISM A. Can you explain the reasons why the U.S. expanded its territory? B. Can you explain the advantages and disadvantages of U.S. expansion? C. Can you compare and contrast the methods used by the U.S. government to expand its influence? WHAT? Vocabulary: Imperialism Isolationism Manifest Destiny Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt Corollary Why did the U.S. become Imperialistic? There are ____________ Reasons. WHEN? Late 1800s (19th century) to Early 1900s (20th century) Or 1898 to 1917 WHERE? Latin America and the Pacific Hawaii; China-”open door policy” Cuba-revolts against Spanish control; Spanish-American War and media sensationismApril-July 1898; Teddy Roosevelt, Rough Riders, San Juan Hill U.S. gain Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines Panama Canal WHO AND HOW? President William McKinley President T. Roosevelt: “speak softly but carry a big stick” President W.H. Taft: “dollar diplomacy” President W. Wilson: “moral diplomacy” From 1900 to 1915, a basic aim of United States foreign policy was to A. develop close economic ties with African nations B. oppose revolutionary movements in western Europe C. promote United States influence in Latin America D. prevent the spread of communism in western Europe and Asia In 1823, the Monroe Doctrine was established mainly because the United States wanted to A. keep control of Alaska and Hawaii B. warn Europe against any further colonization in Latin America C. establish more colonies in Latin America D. support England’s attempt to keep its empire in Central America All of the following were imperialist powers in the late 1800s except A. B. C. D. Great Britain Spain China the Unites States Why did the United States formulate the Open Door policy toward China? A. to develop democratic institutions and practices in China B. to prevent a European and Japanese monopoly of Chinese trade and markets C. to establish a military presence on the Chinese mainland D. to support Japanese efforts to industrialize China Which of the following did not stimulate U.S. imperialism? A. B. C. D. need for a new source of cheap labor thirst for new economic markets desire for military strength a belief in the cultural superiority of the Anglo- Saxon culture The rapid growth of industry in the United States helped fuel imperialism because A. America needed unspoiled places for its workers to vacation. B. Americans had more time to read about foreign places. C. America needed more consumers to buy their products. D. Americans wanted to take over foreign factories and learn their secrets. In which nation did the Boxer Rebellion take place? A. B. C. D. E. Russia US Japan Spain China It was here where the SpanishAmerican War started. A. B. C. D. E. Spain Panama Philippines Cuba California Publisher who created stories to sell newspapers and to increase support for U.S. action in Cuba A. B. C. D. William Hearst Daniel Rather Adam Walden Joseph Rhodes He was the naval commander who led the American forces that steamed into Manila Bay and destroyed the Spanish fleet. A. B. C. D. E. William Hearst Joe Rhodes George Dewey Dwight Eisenhower T. Roosevelt In Cuba, American investments were made in which crop? A. B. C. D. Peanuts Oranges Soybeans Sugar cane President Theodore Roosevelt’s policies toward Latin America were evidence of his belief in A. noninvolvement in world affairs B. intervention when American business interests were threatened C. the sovereign rights of all nations D. the need for European interference in the Western Hemisphere Involvement in the Spanish-American War, acquisition of Hawaii, and introduction of the Open Door policy in China were actions taken by the United States Government to A. establish military alliances with other nations B. gain overseas markets and sources of raw materials C. begin the policy of manifest destiny D. support isolationist forces in Congress The principle that the United States has the right to act as the "policeman of the Western Hemisphere" and intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American nations was established by the A. Good Neighbor policy B. Open Door policy C. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine D. Marshall Plan Yellow journalists created support for the Spanish-American War by writing articles about the A. political popularity of William Jennings Bryan B. efforts of the United States to control Mexico C. destruction of United States sugar plantations by Hawaiians D. sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana Harbor Throughout United States history, the most important aim of the country’s foreign policy has been A. participation in international organizations B. advancement of national self-interest C. containment of communism D. development of military alliances Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898? A. B. C. D. isolationist policy labor union pressure yellow journalism unrestricted submarine warfare Which argument was used to support United States acquisition of overseas possessions in the late 1800’s? A. The United States needed to obtain raw materials and new markets. B. The spread of Marxist ideas had to be stopped because they threatened world peace. C. The United States should be the first world power to build a colonial empire. D. The doctrine of Manifest Destiny had become obsolete . Questions: What is on the bill of fare, or menu, in this restaurant? Which president does the waiter resemble? What seems to be Uncle Sam’s attitude toward the offerings on the menu?