The Letter From Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King Jr. Connor, Grant, Jerromy, Curtis Martin Luther King Jr. • He helped in the Civil Rights movement. • He was a very significant speaker for the black community when there was racism. • He was a peaceful man that wanted everyone to be treated equally. Historical Background. • April 16, 1963. • He wrote in response to the statements made by Alabama clergymen. • There was a lot of Racism towards the blacks in the south. Summary Martin Luther King jr. was put in jail. And he started writing letters to people to inform them what had happened to him, and that the people should never give up and that they should always be peaceful to the whites while they protest. The main idea of the story is to inform the people of the Injustice in the community. Relevance • This text is important because it helped to stop racial injustices. And it is also known because after reading it people have learned to not make the same mistakes and have social justice. Literary Devices • Metaphor: I think I should indicate why I am in Birmingham, sense you have been influenced by the view which argues against “outsiders coming in.” • Allusion: Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their "thus saith the Lord" far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid. • Metaphor: We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal."