CH 4 Section 1
Colonial Times
The Stamp Act (1765)
It was the first
tax that affected
the colonists
directly because
it was placed on
the everyday
goods they
The colonists
declared that
could not tax
them because
they were not
represented in
They boycotted
British goods.
Samuel Adams
• One of the
founders of
the Sons of
Liberty, the
that organized
the tax
King George III
King of England
during the
Townshend Acts :
Laws passed by Parliament in 1767 that set taxes on
imports to the colonies. These were protested by
boycotts and riots in Boston.
The Boston Tea Party: The government gave a British
company the right to all the trade in tea. Several colonists
snuck aboard a British ship carrying tea, and dumped it all
in the Boston Harbor.
The Intolerable Acts
Britain closed Boston
Harbor and placed
Boston under martial
law (rule by the
military). Britain’s
actions prompted
colonial leaders to form
the First Continental
Congress. The group
met in 1774 and drew
up a declaration of
colonial rights.
Committees of Correspondence :
Groups set up by colonial assemblies to communicate
with each other about various threats to American
In 1775, the British marched to Concord,
Massachusetts, to seize the colonial militia’s weapons.
They killed several colonists at Lexington before
finding no weapons in Concord. On their trip back to
Boston, between 3,000 and 4,000 Minutemen
ambushed them. The colonial soldiers killed dozens of
British soldiers.
Paul Revere
Colonial patriot who
warned the colonies in
New England that the
British were on the
march to seize the
militia’s weapons.